Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Great Falls, MT

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FXUS65 KTFX 222044
AFDTFX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE GREAT FALLS MT
244 PM MDT Mon Sep 22 2014

.DISCUSSION...

Tonight through Wednesday...Central Montana is underneath a high
pressure ridge although a weak, cut-off low is moving through
Southwest Montana. Weak instability has developed but the air mass
will stabilize quickly this evening. An upper level jet will
approach the Northern Rockies Tuesday afternoon and surface winds
will hookup during the afternoon for some breezy surface winds. This
jet could also support convection during the afternoon and evening
over the Rockies although these should be north of the border. The
jet moves north and heights aloft will build Wednesday. The air mass
will warm and max temps will continue well above normals. Zelzer

Wednesday Night through Monday...High pressure begins to move east
of the area Thursday as a trough off the Pacific Northwest coast
begins to move onshore. The area will remain dry and warm.

Model differences occur towards the end of the week as the trough
moves onshore. The GFS is about 24 hours faster than the ECMWF with
the progression. Both models develop a cut-off low over
California/Nevada and start to lift it northeast over the Great
Basin. The ECMWF weakens it and moves it slower, lingering into
Monday. The GFS moves it east over the Central Rockies and out of
the area by Monday. As a result, models generally bring a chance of
showers/thunderstorms into the area Thursday night into Friday,
continuing through Sunday. Exact areas of potentially heavier
rainfall are not well agreed upon, so kept a broad high chance for
showers/storms through the period. With this discrepancy later
in the forecast period, kept the chance for showers higher than
climatological normal and will adjust as necessary as models
hopefully come into better agreement. A much cooler airmass moves
into the area with the trough, cooling from mostly 70s on Friday
into the mid 50s to mid 60s on Saturday. This may result in some
mountains receiving a rain/snow mix during the overnight hours.

&&

.AVIATION...
UPDATED 1800Z.
VFR conditions will prevail through the period. Moisture wrapping
around a disturbance over SW Montana/NW Wyoming will bring mid level
cloudiness as far north as KGTF-KLWT. Scattered showers and isolated
afternoon/evening thunderstorms will be limited to Southwest Montana
(including KBZN). Some storms may produce brief heavy rain and MVFR
conditions. Activity decreases after 02Z. West winds will be light
but may become breezy at times along the east slopes of the Rockies.

&&

.PRELIMINARY POINT TEMPS/POPS...
GTF  53  83  57  88 /   0  10   0   0
CTB  46  81  47  86 /   0  10  10   0
HLN  51  83  53  88 /  10  10  10   0
BZN  46  79  49  84 /  20  10  10   0
WEY  35  67  37  74 /  30  10   0   0
DLN  48  77  51  83 /  20  10  10   0
HVR  50  86  52  91 /   0   0   0   0
LWT  51  83  54  89 /  10  10   0   0

&&

.TFX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
NONE.
&&

$$

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