Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Burlington, VT

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FXUS61 KBTV 012024
AFDBTV

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BURLINGTON VT
324 PM EST SUN MAR 1 2015

.SYNOPSIS...
LIGHT SNOW WILL OVERSPREAD THE REGION TONIGHT AND THEN GRADUALLY
TAPER OFF TO SNOW SHOWERS ON MONDAY. TOTAL SNOW ACCUMULATIONS WILL
GENERALLY BE IN THE 1 TO 3 INCH RANGE WITH SLIGHTLY HIGHER AMOUNTS
POSSIBLE IN THE MOUNTAINS. HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS INTO THE REGION
MONDAY NIGHT AND TUESDAY FOR DRIER WEATHER...BUT THEN ANOTHER
TROUGH OF LOW PRESSURE WILL MOVE INTO THE NORTHEAST LATE TUESDAY
INTO EARLY WEDNESDAY AND BRING ANOTHER ROUND OF SNOW...AND
POSSIBLY SOME MIXED PRECIPITATION...TO THE AREA.

&&

.NEAR TERM /UNTIL 7 AM MONDAY MORNING/...
AS OF 324 PM EST SUNDAY...CONDITIONS HAVE JUST NOT BEEN FAVORABLE
FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SNOW ACROSS THE AREA. PLUME OF DEEPER
MOISTURE/SNOW HAS BEEN ACROSS THE OHIO VALLEY AND SOUTHERN NEW
ENGLAND...BUT WEST TO SOUTHWEST FLOW HAS KEPT THIS MOISTURE OUT OF
THE AREA. IN ADDITION...A DRY AIR MASS REMAINS IN PLACE TO ALSO
LIMIT THE SNOW POTENTIAL. THIS WILL ALL CHANGE AS THE EVENING
WEARS ON AS AN UPPER TROUGH MOVING EAST FROM THE GREAT LAKES WILL
PROVIDE SUFFICIENT DYNAMIC SUPPORT TO MOISTEN THE ATMOSPHERE UP
ENOUGH FOR SNOW TO DEVELOP AND SPREAD FROM WEST TO EAST ACROSS
NORTHERN NEW YORK AND VERMONT. BOTTOM LINE IS WE ARE LOOKING AT A
WIDESPREAD 1 TO 3 INCH SNOWFALL ACROSS THE AREA TONIGHT.

&&

.SHORT TERM /7 AM MONDAY MORNING THROUGH TUESDAY NIGHT/...
AS OF 324 PM EST SUNDAY...BEST POTENTIAL FOR ADDITIONAL LIGHT
SNOW ON MONDAY WILL BE OVER THE MOUNTAINS AS UPPER TROUGH MOVES
ACROSS THE AREA IN THE MORNING FOLLOWED BY PRONOUNCED DRYING
DURING THE AFTERNOON. TEMPERATURES WILL BE SEVERAL DEGREES BELOW
NORMAL ON MONDAY...SO NOT TOO BAD OF A DAY. CLEARING SKIES AND
LIGHT WINDS MONDAY NIGHT WILL ALLOW FOR STRONG RADIATIONAL COOLING
AND LOWS GETTING DOWN INTO THE SINGLE DIGITS ABOVE AND BELOW ZERO.
THE PATTERN QUICKLY CHANGES ON TUESDAY AS SOUTHWEST FLOW ALOFT
DEVELOP AND A SURGE OF WARMER AIR ALOFT MOVES UP INTO THE REGION
BY TUESDAY NIGHT. THUS LOOKING AT WARM AIR ADVECTION SNOWS TO
DEVELOP LATE TUESDAY AFTERNOON AND CONTINUE THROUGH THE FIRST HALF
OF THE NIGHT. CAN SEE PICKING UP ANYWHERE FROM 1 TO 4 INCHES OF
SNOW WITH THE WARM AIR ADVECTION. THERMAL PROFILE CHANGES TO
INDICATE PERHAPS SOME MIXED PRECIPITATION...BUT BY THE TIME THIS
HAPPENS MOST OF THE PRECIPITATION WILL BE OUT OF THE AREA AS DRIER
AIR ALOFT QUICKLY MOVES IN BY WEDNESDAY MORNING. SO FOR NOW
KEEPING MOST OF THE EVENT AS SNOW. HIGHS ON TUESDAY WILL BE IN THE
20S AND THEN NOT FALL MUCH TUESDAY NIGHT WITH ALL THE CLOUDS AND
SNOW OVER THE AREA.

&&

.LONG TERM /WEDNESDAY THROUGH SUNDAY/...
AS OF 324 PM EST SUNDAY...ON WEDNESDAY A WEAK LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM
WILL BE TRACKING ACROSS SOUTHERN ONTARIO/QUEBEC BY WEDNESDAY
MORNING. IT WILL CONTINUE TO BRING A CHANCE OF WIDESPREAD
PRECIPITATION ACROSS THE AREA ALTHOUGH THE CHANCES WILL QUICKLY
DIMINISH BY MID MORNING INTO THE AFTERNOON. BOTH THE 00Z AND THE
12Z SUITE OF GUIDANCE HAVE TRENDING AWAY FROM THE WARM SECTOR
REACHING THE BTV AREA. THAT WOULD RESULT IN SIGNIFICANTLY COOLER
TEMPERATURES ALOFT RESULTING IN LESS OF A CHANCE FOR SIGNIFICANT
MIXED PTYPES ACROSS THE FORECAST REGION. THE 12Z ECMWF ACTUALLY
KEEPS THE SURFACE/925/850/700MB 0C LINES ALL SOUTH OF THE AREA
DURING THE TIME PERIOD RESULTING IN ALMOST ALL SNOW WHEREAS THE
GFS IS SLIGHT MORE NORTHERLY IN ITS TRACK LEADING TO SOME MIXED
PRECIPITATION. THE GUIDANCE HAS COME INTO FAIRLY GOOD CONSENSUS
THAT THE BULK OF THE PRECIPITATION WILL FALL MOSTLY TOWARDS THE
END OF THE SHORT TERM (LATE TUESDAY NIGHT/EARLY WEDNESDAY) AS THE
INITIAL BURST OF WARM AIR ADVECTION PUSHES INTO THE REGION. BY 18Z
WEDNESDAY HOWEVER THE 1000-700MB LAYER RH DISSIPATES IN BOTH
MODELS AND THE PWATS DROP FROM 0.7" TO 0.25" BY 18Z. SO THE MORAL
OF THE STORY IS THAT THERE SHOULD BE WIDE SPREAD PRECIPITATION
EARLY IN THE MORNING AND THEN QUICKLY ENDED ACROSS THE AREA AS A
COLD FRONT COMES THROUGH BY 18-00Z. THE SURGE OF WARM AIR
ADVECTION IN THE MORNING WILL WARM THE ENTIRE REGION TO ABOVE 35F
GETTING CLOSE TO 40F BY EARLY AFTERNOON AND THEN QUICKLY DROPPING
OFF DUE TO THE COLD FRONT AND HIGH PRESSURE SUBSIDENCE THAT WILL
BUILD INTO THE REGION.

THURSDAY...THE SURFACE LOW WILL PUSH OUT OF THE AREA GIVING WAY
TO ANOTHER BUILDING SURFACE RIDGE BELOW A WEAK UPPER LEVEL TROUGH.
THE HIGH PRESSURE WILL COMBINE WITH THE COLD FRONT FROM WEDNESDAY
TO KEEP TEMPS IN THE LOWER TEENS TO SINGLE DIGITS ACROSS THE AREA.
THERE COULD BE A FEW LINGERING SHOWERS FROM OVERNIGHT AS SOME OF
THE UPPER LEVEL ENERGY COULD SQUEEZE OUT SOME OROGRAPHIC SNOW BUT
THATS ABOUT IT. OVERNIGHT LOWS WILL BE AROUND ZERO TO JUST BELOW
IN THE NOTORIOUS COLD SPOTS.

FRIDAY...HIGH PRESSURE WILL DOMINATE THE AREA WITH DRY WEATHER
AND TEMPS ABOUT 10 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL IN THE LOWER 20S ACROSS
THE AREA IN A GRADUAL WARMING TREND INTO THE WEEKEND. OVERNIGHT
LOWS WILL BE IN THE LOWER TEENS WITH A FEW ISOLATED AREAS SEEING
SINGLE DIGITS.

SATURDAY/SUNDAY...THE GRADUALLY WARMING TREND TOWARDS MORE
SEASONABLE TEMPERATURES SHOULD CONTINUE WITH TEMPS WARMING TO AROUND
FREEZING IF NOT SLIGHTLY ABOVE UNDER MODERATE WESTERLY WINDS. A WEAK
DISTURBANCE COULD BRING SOME SCATTERED SNOW SHOWER ACTIVITY ALONG
THE INTERNATIONAL BORDER AND THE HIGHER TERRAIN ABOVE 1500 FEET.

&&

.AVIATION /20Z SUNDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/...
THROUGH 18Z MONDAY...CURRENT IR/WV SATELLITE IMAGERY INDICATE A
STRONG CLOUD HAS BUILT IN OVER SOUTHERN VERMONT THIS MORNING AND
AS THE UPPER LEVEL TROUGH MOVES CLOSER TO THE AREA CEILINGS SHOULD
BEGIN TO COME DOWN STILL UNDER VFR CONDITIONS. CONDITIONS
DETERIORATE RAPIDLY BETWEEN 20Z- 01Z TO MVFR/IFR IN LIGHT SNOW FOR
KMSS/KSLK/KMPV. RIGHT NOW THE BAND OF MOISTURE OVER KRUT IS
PRODUCING ISOLATED SNOW SHOWERS ALREADY CAUSING IFR VISIBILITY AT
SURROUNDING SITES. EXPECT BRIEF OFF AND ON IFR VISIBILITY
CONDITIONS TO CONTINUE BEFORE DROPPING TO IFR FOR THE DURATION OF
THE EVENING BY AROUND 00Z. LONG DURATION IFR IS NOT EXPECTED AT
KPBG/KBTV DUE DOWNSLOPING SOUTHWESTERLY FLOW HOWEVER BRIEF PERIODS
OF MVFR/IFR VISIBILITIES WILL BE POSSIBLE BEGINNING AROUND 02-04Z
AND CONTINUING THROUGH 12-14Z. SURFACE WINDS TODAY WILL STRENGTHEN
OUT OF THE SOUTH TO 5-15 KNOTS...WITH GUSTS UP TO 20 KNOTS AT KBTV
AND KPBG. WINDS SHIFT TO NORTHWESTERLY AFTER 09Z MONDAY EXCEPTED
FOR KMSS WHERE PRESSURE GRADIENT FLOW WILL KEEP WINDS ORIENTED
MORE SOUTHWESTERLY.

OUTLOOK 18Z MONDAY THROUGH THURSDAY...

18Z MONDAY-00Z TUESDAY...VARIETY OF FLIGHT CATEGORIES IN SNOW
SHOWERS. GREATEST CHANCE OF IFR AT KMPV/KSLK.

00Z TUESDAY-18Z TUESDAY...VFR CONDITIONS UNDER HIGH PRESSURE.

18Z TUESDAY-00Z THURSDAY...MVFR/IFR IN MIXED PRECIPITATION AS LOW
PRESSURE SYSTEM TRACKS UP THROUGH ST LAWRENCE VALLEY.

00Z THURSDAY ONWARD...MAINLY VFR WITH BRIEF PERIODS OF MVFR/IFR
IN SNOW SHOWERS.

&&

.BTV WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
VT...NONE.
NY...NONE.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...EVENSON
NEAR TERM...EVENSON
SHORT TERM...EVENSON
LONG TERM...DEAL
AVIATION...DEAL


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