Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Medford, OR

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FXUS66 KMFR 211112

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Medford OR
312 AM PST Sun Jan 21 2018

.DISCUSSION...A cold front is approaching the coast this morning
and will bring rain to much of our area, snow to the mountains,
and wind to the coast, Shasta Valley, and east side today.

Judging by a wind shift and pressure changes, the front passed
buoy 02 around 1 AM local time, which means it is around 250
miles offshore at this hour. The models are all in lock step with
the timing and show it arriving at the coast late this morning
and then marching across the rest of our area through tonight.

The same caveats we`ve been talking about for the last several
days still apply this morning. That is: winds aloft being westerly
are not as favorable for heavy snow in the Shasta area nor strong
winds in the Shasta Valley as the more common southerly flow would
be. Nevertheless, there will be impacts from snow in the
mountains and wind in the valleys, so the high wind and winter
storm warnings for portions of Siskiyou County remain in effect.
The heaviest snow is most likely to impact higher areas such as
the road the Mt. Shasta Ski area and highway 89 between Mt. Shasta
City and McCloud. It is certainly going to snow around Mt. Shasta
City, but it wouldn`t be surprising to see most of the
accumulations on the trees and grassy areas with roadways just wet
as snow melts. This won`t be the case higher up in the Siskiyous
and Cascades. With snow levels staying at or below 4000 feet
today, we will see all snow over most of the higher passes,
including I-5 at Siskiyou Summit where up to 4 inches are

The westerly winds aloft and orientation of the front itself are,
however, favorable for wind impacting more of the coast than
usual. Winds are already gusting to 50 MPH at the Cape Blanco, and
with the front still well offshore, this will only increase
through this morning. As the front arrives at the coast late this
morning, winds turn more onshore, and this is when wind impacts
are most likely at the coast. Winds may also impact portions of
the Rogue Valley. Despite the unfavorable winds aloft, latest MOS
guidance does show some wind mixing into the Medford area late
this morning and early afternoon.

This front moves off tonight, and much of Monday should be dry.
The next frontal system brings rain back to the coast Tuesday as
its warm front moves across the area. This will be followed by
another strong cold front Tuesday night and Wednesday. This front
has much more southerly flow aloft, and thus impacts from snow and
wind are likely to be more typical. It is also a slow moving
front, and thus precipitation amounts are expected to be much more
significant. The latest forecast has 3-6 inches of rain along the
south coast and into the coastal mountains. This heavy
precipitation is also likely to produce significant snows in the
Cascades and Siskiyous, possibly including Mt. Shasta City again.
We also increased winds in the usual spots for Wednesday. After
that, we settle into a cool, wet period for the rest of the week.
Snow is likely to continue to pile up in the mountains, and this
will eventually include the coastal mountains as snow levels lower
later this week. A lot of changes were made to the forecast
between Tuesday and the end of the week. -Wright


.AVIATION...23/06Z TAF CYCLE... VFR/MVFR conditions are occurring
everywhere with partial terrain obscuration in any MVFR
areas...scattered showers will be possible along the coast. Winds
along the coast and west of the Cascades increase ahead of a
front. We have added low level wind shear for OTH RBG and MFR as
surface winds are forecast to remain below 10 knots wind winds
around 2000 feet expected to be 55 knots along the coast and 45
knots farther inland. Directional shear will not be extreme, but
speed shear will definitely be present from the south. -FB/CZS


.MARINE...Updated 215 AM PST Sunday 21 Jan 2018...A strong front
will move through the waters today. Gales are expected over much
of the waters with storm force winds occurring mainly north of
Pistol River and beyond 1 to 2 nm from shore, except near shore
within the vicinity of Cape Blanco. Very steep and hazardous wind
driven seas will peak this morning into this afternoon at around
20 to 23 feet. Winds will diminish this afternoon and seas will
gradually diminish this evening, but will remain very steep and
hazardous at around 15 to 18 feet through Monday morning. Seas
will remain elevated through at least Monday night.

Active weather will continue through the week. The next system is
expected Tuesday morning and another round of gales will be
possible ahead of this system. /BR-y


OR...High Wind Warning from 7 AM this morning to 7 PM PST this
     evening for ORZ030-031.
     Winter Weather Advisory until 1 AM PST Monday for ORZ027>031.
     Wind Advisory from 7 AM this morning to 7 PM PST this evening
     for ORZ030-031.
     High Surf Advisory until 10 PM PST this evening for ORZ021-022.
     High Wind Warning until 1 PM PST this afternoon for ORZ021-022.

CA...Winter Weather Advisory until 1 AM PST Monday for CAZ084-085.
     Winter Storm Warning until 1 AM PST Monday for CAZ080>083.
     High Wind Warning from 7 AM this morning to 7 PM PST this
     evening for CAZ081.

Pacific Coastal Waters...Storm Warning until 1 PM PST this afternoon for
     High Surf Advisory until 10 PM PST this evening for PZZ350-356.
     Gale Warning until 1 PM PST this afternoon for PZZ350-356-376.
     Hazardous Seas Warning from 1 PM this afternoon to 10 PM PST
     this evening for PZZ350-356-370-376.

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