Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Birmingham, AL

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AXUS74 KBMX 011651 CCA
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063-065-073-075-081-085>093-101-105>127-061430-

DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE BIRMINGHAM AL
1051 AM CDT THU DEC 1 2016

...DESPITE THE RECENT RAINFALL EXTREME TO EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT
CONDITIONS CONTINUE ACROSS MOST OF CENTRAL ALABAMA...

SYNOPSIS...THE LATEST U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR SHOWS EXTREME TO
EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT CONDITIONS CONTINUE ACROSS MOST OF CENTRAL
ALABAMA DESPITE THE RECENT RAINFALL. EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT CONDITIONS
EXIST OVER MOST OF THE AREA ALONG AND TO THE RIGHT OF A LINE FROM
NEAR PHENIX CITY TO CLANTON TO GORDO TO ARKADELPHIA AND ALSO OVER
NORTHERN BARBOUR AND EXTREME SOUTHERN RUSSELL COUNTIES. EXCEPTIONAL
DROUGHT ALSO CONTINUES NORTH OF A LINE FROM WEST OF VERNON TO
HALEYVILLE. ELSEWHERE...EXCEPT FOR A SMALL AREA OF SEVERE DROUGHT IN
THE WESTERN SECTIONS OF SUMTER COUNTY...EXTREME DROUGHT CONDITIONS
ARE FOUND.

THE DROUGHT MONITOR CLASSIFIES DROUGHT WITHIN ONE OF THESE FIVE
CATEGORIES:

D0...ABNORMALLY DRY
D1...MODERATE DROUGHT
D2...SEVERE DROUGHT
D3...EXTREME DROUGHT
D4...EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT

CLIMATE SUMMARY...

SOME MUCH NEEDED AND BENEFICIAL RAINFALL OCCURRED ACROSS CENTRAL
ALABAMA DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THIS WEEK AS A STORM SYSTEM FINALLY
BROUGHT A RETURN OF GULF MOISTURE TO THE AREA.  CUMULATIVE TOTALS
DURING THE PAST WEEK AVERAGED FROM TWO TO FOUR INCHES ACROSS MUCH OF
CENTRAL ALABAMA...WITH LOCALIZED AMOUNTS OVER FIVE INCHES.
HOWEVER...ALTHOUGH THE RAINFALL WAS WELCOME IT WAS NOT ENOUGH TO END
THE ONGOING DROUGHT FOUND ACROSS THE AREA.  RAINFALL DEFICITS FOR
THE YEAR OF TEN TO SIXTEEN INCHES PERSIST ACROSS CENTRAL ALABAMA.
THE GREATEST DEFICITS ARE GENERALLY FOUND IN THE EASTERN SECTIONS TO
THE EAST OF THE INTERSTATE 65 CORRIDOR.

SOME PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS (INCHES) FOR CENTRAL ALABAMA SINCE
JANUARY 1ST...

BIRMINGHAM    37.92
MONTGOMERY    37.39
ANNISTON      29.49
TUSCALOOSA    34.60
CALERA        35.26
TROY          35.62

NORMAL PRECIPITATION EXPECTED (INCHES) AND DEPARTURE FROM NORMAL
(INCHES) JANUARY 1ST THROUGH NOVEMBER 30TH...

BIRMINGHAM    49.27
MONTGOMERY    48.21
ANNISTON      45.55
TUSCALOOSA    47.98
CALERA        49.88
TROY          49.78

AGRICULTURAL IMPACTS...

THE LATEST UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (USDA) REPORT
ISSUED PRIOR TO THIS WEEK`S RAINFALL INDICATED THAT AGRICULTURAL
INTERESTS CONTINUED TO BE SIGNIFICANTLY IMPACTED BY THE DROUGHT WITH
WATER FOR MANY LIVESTOCK BECOMING CRITICAL. THE DRY WEATHER HAS ALSO
ADVERSELY IMPACTED OR HALTED THE PLANTING OF MANY WINTER CROPS.


THE LATEST REPORTS FROM THE USDA (AS OF NOVEMBER 27, 2016)

             PERCENT POOR OR WORSE     PERCENT FAIR OR BETTER
CATTLE                21                          79
PASTURE &             95                           5
  RANGE


FIRE DANGER IMPACTS...

THE FIRE DANGER RISK REMAINS HIGH ACROSS MUCH OF CENTRAL ALABAMA
DESPITE THE RECENT RAINFALL. KETCH-BYRAM DROUGHT INDICES (KBDI)
CONTINUE TO RANGE FROM 400 TO 700 OR GREATER ACROSS MOST OF CENTRAL
ALABAMA WITH A FEW SMALL AREAS RANGING FROM 300 TO 400. VALUES ABOVE
500 INDICATE A SEVERE FIRE DANGER.

THE ALABAMA FORESTRY COMMISSION REPORTS THAT THE GOVERNOR HAS SIGNED
A DROUGHT EMERGENCY DECLARATION WHICH BANS OUTSIDE BURNING ACROSS
ALL OF CENTRAL ALABAMA.  SINCE OCTOBER 1ST OVER TWENTY TWO HUNDRED
WILDFIRES HAVE OCCURRED OVER ALABAMA AND OVER TWENTY NINE THOUSAND
ACRES HAVE BURNED. AT THIS TIME ALL REPORTED WILDFIRES WERE
CONTAINED ACCORDING TO THE ALABAMA FORESTRY COMMISSION.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...

SOME TEMPORARY IMPROVEMENT IN STREAM FLOWS REPORTED BY USGS GAGES
HAS OCCURRED IN CENTRAL ALABAMA WITH MOST GAGES CURRENTLY IN NORMAL
RANGES FOR THIS TIME OF YEAR.  HOWEVER...ADDITIONAL RAINFALL WILL
NEED TO OCCUR OR STREAM FLOWS WILL QUICKLY RETURN TO BELOW NORMAL
LEVELS.

MOST MAJOR RESERVOIR POOL LEVELS CONTINUE NEAR THEIR WINTER LEVELS
AND A FEW HAVE RISEN SLIGHTLY FOLLOWING THE RECENT RAIN. LISTED
BELOW ARE CURRENT LEVELS FOR SOME OF THE MAJOR RESERVOIRS ACROSS
CENTRAL ALABAMA AND THOSE FROM NOVEMBER 24TH:

RESERVOIR             LEVEL FOR 12/01/16     LEVEL FOR 11/24/16

WEISS                       557.8                   557.4
NEELY HENRY                 506.6                   506.3
LOGAN MARTIN                459.3                   459.2
LAY                         396.0                   395.8
MITCHELL                    312.0                   311.6
JORDAN                      251.5                   251.4
R.L.HARRIS                  784.7                   784.3
MARTIN                      482.1                   482.2
SMITH                       496.5                   496.2
BANKHEAD                    254.7                   254.8
HOLT                        186.8                   187.1

SOCIAL IMPACTS...

POOLS ARE NEAR WINTER LEVELS AT MOST MAJOR RESERVOIRS ALTHOUGH SOME
HAVE RISEN A LITTLE FOLLOWING THE RECENT RAINFALL. VOLUNTARY WATER
RESTRICTIONS HAVE BEEN IMPLEMENTED BY MANY WATER BOARDS ACROSS
CENTRAL ALABAMA AND MANDATORY RESTRICTIONS ARE STILL IN EFFECT IN
SOME AREAS. THE BIRMINGHAM WATER WORKS BOARD REPORTS THAT IT HAS
IMPLEMENTED MANDATORY RESTRICTIONS WITH SURCHARGES FOR EXCESSIVE
WATER USE.

PRECIPITATION AND TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...

HIGH PRESSURE HAS CURRENTLY BROUGHT COOLER AND DRIER AIR BACK ACROSS
CENTRAL ALABAMA BUT THIS SHOULD BE FAIRLY SHORT-LIVED. BY SATURDAY
ANOTHER WEATHER SYSTEM WILL BEGIN TO APPROACH THE AREA FROM THE WEST
WITH MORE RAINFALL LIKELY TO DEVELOP BY LATE SATURDAY AND CONTINUE
INTO SUNDAY.  RAINFALL WILL LIKELY DIMINISH SUNDAY NIGHT BUT AN
UNSETTLED WEATEHR PATTERN WILL RETURN FOR MONDAY INTO WEDNESDAY WITH
ADDITIONAL RAINFALL POSSIBLE ACROSS THE AREA.  AT THIS TIME IT
APPEARS THAT CUMULATIVE RAINFALL TOTALS OF THREE TO FOUR INCHES ARE
LIKELY TO OCCUR ACROSS MUCH OF CENTRAL ALABAMA BY THE MIDDLE OF NEXT
WEEK BEFORE COLDER AND DRIER AIR RETURNS LATE NEXT WEEK.

THE TWO WEEK OUTLOOK...FROM DECEMBER 6TH THROUGH DECEMBER
14TH...CALLS FOR NEAR NORMAL TEMPERATURES TRANSITIONING TO BELOW
NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION TRANSITIONING TO
BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION.

THE LONGER-RANGE OUTLOOK FOR THE REMAINDER OF DECEMBER THROUGH
FEBRUARY IS FOR ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND BELOW NORMAL CHANCES
OF PRECIPITATION.

THE LATEST SEASONAL DROUGHT OUTLOOK THROUGH LATE FEBRUARY INDICATES
THAT DROUGHT CONDITIONS ARE EXPECTED TO PERSIST ACROSS CENTRAL
ALABAMA.

UPDATE STATEMENT...

THE NEXT STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED AROUND THURSDAY DECEMBER 8TH.



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