Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS La Crosse, WI

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FXUS63 KARX 221130
AFDARX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service La Crosse WI
530 AM CST Mon Jan 22 2018

.SHORT TERM...(Today and tonight)
Issued at 240 AM CST Mon Jan 22 2018

Winter storm still on track for today and tonight, but with some
adjustments to snow/ice amounts. 22.08Z analysis shows the surface
low near Kansas City with an expansive swath of warm advective
precipitation across IA into southern WI and the deformation snow
band taking shape across central NE into southeast SD and
southwest MN. The surface low will lift northeastward through the
day, nearing the IL/WI border by 06Z tonight, bringing with it
heavy snow and wintry mix to much of the forecast area.

Early this morning, surface temperatures are still quite warm,
ranging from 35 to 40 degrees. This will keep p-type as rain
through early morning. Then, expect a transition to snow or a
wintry mix across southeast MN into north central WI between
12-16Z. Temperatures may still be at or slightly above freezing in
these areas, but higher precipitation rates should induce dynamic
cooling and a change over to mostly snow. Areas to the south and
east will continue to see mostly rain through the morning.

P-type is tricky this afternoon as several short-range models
show a dry slot with loss of cloud ice. If this occurs, this will
cut into snow amounts and potentially result in more ice
depending on surface temperatures. In general, the northwest
forecast area should continue to see snow, but may mix at times
with rain or freezing rain. Also more of wintry mix farther east
roughly along a line from Osage to La Crosse to Wisconsin Rapids
is expected. Rain will continue across portions of northeast IA
into southern WI through the afternoon. The wintry mix will
finally move into the southeast forecast area this evening with an
eventual change over to all snow later tonight for all areas.

Given the dynamic nature of the system, will maintain a slight
chance for thunderstorms late this morning and afternoon for much of
the area. Expect 25-35 kts in the shallow mixed boundary layer
through the day, and this will lead to areas of blowing/drifting
snow, especially across southeast MN. Think lower wind speeds and
the wet/heavy nature of the snow will preclude whiteout/blizzard
conditions, but visibility reductions to 1 mile or less in heavy
snow are expected at times.

All said, snow amounts have been reduced into the 6-10 inch range,
but this may still be too high depending on how quickly the
atmospheric column cools. This will have to be monitored closely
through the day. For sure, there will still be a very sharp cut-
off in amounts to the south and east with only an inch or two in
the transition zone. Not far fetched to suggest the northern
portions of some counties may see warning criteria snow, while the
southern portions see little accumulation. With temperatures
looking warmer in the transition zone, icing should be limited
from a glaze up to a tenth of an inch. Will continue all Winter
Storm Warning and Winter Weather Advisories with no change at this
time, but adjustments may be needed later if higher snow amounts
don`t materialize.

.LONG TERM...(Tuesday through Sunday)
Issued at 240 AM CST Mon Jan 22 2018

Dry and quiet Tuesday through the weekend. The previously watched
system for Friday into the weekend now looks to mature east of the
forecast area. Cooler temperatures Tuesday and Wednesday will warm
dramatically to end the week with highs by Friday well into the
40s. A slight cool down is expected for next weekend, but still
near seasonable temperatures.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 12Z TAFS through 12Z Monday night)
Issued at 530 AM CST Mon Jan 22 2018

A period of MVFR/IFR cigs/weather for the taf sites today/tonight as
a strong sfc thru mid level low lifts across the Upper Midwest.

Column to cold enough for mainly snow, heavy at times, at KRST today
with IFR/LIFR cigs/vsbys until this evening when the system begins
to exit. Heavy snow to have impacts on airport ops today into this
evening. Mainly MVFR vsbys and IFR cigs then expected at KRST
tonight. Strong/gusty NE winds today will slowly diminish later
today then swing to the N-NW by later tonight as the low passes.

At KLSE, column generally warm enough for bulk of the precip today
as -RA, with mainly MVFR vsbys in RA/BR and IFR cigs. Column cools
late today/tonight for precip as a mix changing to -SN, with
continued MVFR vsbys and IFR cigs tonight. Similar to KRST, brisk/
gusty NE winds much of today will slowly diminish and swing to the N-
NW by later tonight. KLSE due to its valley location also has some
LLWS this morning into early this afternoon with E-NE winds around
the 2K ft AGL in the 40-50kt range.

&&

.ARX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
WI...Winter Storm Warning until midnight CST tonight for WIZ017-029-
     032>034.

     Winter Weather Advisory until midnight CST tonight for WIZ041-
     042.

MN...Winter Storm Warning until midnight CST tonight for MNZ079-
     086>088-094-095.

     Winter Weather Advisory until midnight CST tonight for MNZ096.

IA...Winter Weather Advisory until midnight CST tonight for
     IAZ008>010.

&&

$$

SHORT TERM...Rogers
LONG TERM...Rogers
AVIATION...Rieck



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