Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Greer, SC

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FXUS62 KGSP 221451
AFDGSP

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Greenville-Spartanburg SC
1051 AM EDT Tue Aug 22 2017

.SYNOPSIS...
Typical late summer conditions will persist ahead of an approaching
cold front, which will reach our area tomorrow. A large region of
surface high pressure will then gradually build into the area late
this week through the weekend, bringing unseasonably cool and drier
air.

&&

.NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...
As of 1045 AM EDT: Similar conditions across the area to yesterday,
with only minor tweaks needed to the temp and pop trends.

Otherwise, the upper ridge will weaken a bit over the area as a
broad upper trof moves over the Great Lakes. This should help
promote a broad area of upper lvl divergence to our north and favor
convection across the higher terrain based on a diurnal trend.
SBCAPE is expected to be around 1500-2500 J/kg with weak shear.
Storms will struggle to propagate into the foothills and piedmont
later in the day/evening, due to weak steering flow and waning CAPE.
High temperatures will be a few degrees above normal.

Convection associated with an approaching cold front will push
across the Ohio Valley this evening, but is expected to weaken as it
reaches NC mountains before daybreak. CHC PoPs linger along the TN
line to take this into account. Lows tonight above normal.

&&

.SHORT TERM /WEDNESDAY THROUGH THURSDAY NIGHT/...
As of 3:15 AM Tuesday: Frontal boundary and perhaps associated
convection should be moving into the forecast area at the beginning
of the period, before the front "jumps" into the lee trough position
by afternoon. Convective trends Wed afternoon will depend largely on
how much convection and attendant cloud cover is impacting the
forecast area Wed morning. Since that is the subject of much
uncertainty, model guidance (both the traditional operational
guidance and convection-allowing models) are at odds as to how
trends will evolve during the afternoon, with some guidance
suggesting that limited heating/destabilization will preclude much
in the way of initiation outside the mtns Wed afternoon.
Nevertheless, the Piedmont should see sufficient heating to realize
moderate instability during the afternoon, with the front/lee trough
acting as a focus for at least scattered convection, and most of the
forecast area receives 50-60 pops on Wed. Increasing height gradient
aloft will result in improving shear profiles (albeit still less
than 30 kts in the 0-6km layer). The combination of modest shear and
modest instability will yield a modest severe weather threat,
especially across the Piedmont, and the SPC Day2 marginal risk
across our far eastern areas appears well-placed.

Drier/more stable post-frontal air will gradually chase the
convection out of the area Wed night/early Thursday. After some
disagreement among yesterday`s model guidance regarding the
southward penetration of the front, and/or how quickly a moist
easterly flow would develop north of the boundary, there is now a
strong consensus that the period from Thu morning through Fri
morning will be dry, with temperatures averaging a few degrees below
climo.

&&

.LONG TERM /FRIDAY THROUGH MONDAY/...
As of 335 AM Tuesday: A long wave trough will remain the dominant
synoptic scale feature impacting the weather across much of the East
Coast through the medium range. Mid/upper level confluent flow into
the base of the trough will anchor expansive surface high pressure
across the northeast quadrant of the country through much of the
period, resulting in an increasingly moist low level easterly flow
across our area. This may allow some showers or light precip to
develop in the vicinity of the Blue Ridge over the weekend, although
that`s hardly a given, and only token small pops will be carried in
those areas. By far the greatest impact of the anomalously low
heights and easterly flow will be on temperatures, which are expected
to be around 5 or more degrees below normal through the period. By
the end of the forecast cycle, our attention will be turning to the
tropics, as it`s becoming clearer that the Southeast will be
sandwiched between tropical cyclone Harvey (likely somewhere in the
vicinity of the northwest Gulf of Mexico) and another tropical
cyclone off the Southeast Coast.

&&

.AVIATION /15Z TUESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/...
At KCLT and Elsewhere: expect VFR conditions thru the 12z taf
period with the exception of continuing restrictions at KAVL
and KHKY for the first few hours of the period this morning.
I expect that both sites should recover to VFR by 14z or so
with KHKY possibly coming up a bit sooner. In addition, KAVL
could see some thunderstorm activity later this afternoon/evening
with associated restrictions. I mentioned VCTS from 19 to 21z
and then a PROB30 for TSRA from roughly 21z to 02z overnight.
KAVL could also see another round of fog and/or low stratus
tomorrow morning during the last few hours of the taf period.
Otherwise, moisture will gradually increase over the region
later today/tonight ahead of an approaching cold front, with
surface winds turning southwest and slowly increasing. Expect
predominately VFR cumulus from daytime heating with bases in
the 4000 to 6000ft range.

Outlook: chances for diurnal convection and morning mtn valley
fog/low stratus gradually increase through midweek, with the best
chances expected on Wednesday as a cold front pushes into the area.
The probability of restrictions and diurnal convection should
diminish again Thursday and Friday.

Confidence Table...

            15-21Z        21-03Z        03-09Z        09-12Z
KCLT       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High 100%
KGSP       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High 100%
KAVL       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High  95%
KHKY       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High  94%
KGMU       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High 100%
KAND       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High 100%

The percentage reflects the number of guidance members agreeing
with the scheduled TAF issuance flight rule category. Complete hourly
experimental aviation forecast consistency tables and ensemble forecasts
are available at the following link:

www.weather.gov/gsp/aviation

&&

.GSP WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
GA...None.
NC...None.
SC...None.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...JDL
NEAR TERM...ARK/JPT
SHORT TERM...JDL
LONG TERM...JDL
AVIATION...JPT



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