Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS New Orleans/Baton Rouge, LA
FXUS64 KLIX 271436
Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service New Orleans LA
836 AM CST Mon Feb 27 2017
Sonde failure at 30 seconds however second release went well. Not much
parcel inhibition this morning. Surface to 3KM lapse rate 15C with 26C
850 to 500mb. Fairly saturated from HSFC to H12Kft past the freezing
level at H11.6Kft. PW measured at 1.41in. Shear evident in the wind
profile from the SFC to 700mb. BRN shear calculated at 94 m2/s2 with
the SFC to 3KM shear at 27kt. Enough instability for thunderstorms today
with some approaching severe. Better chances moving west and north of
the station. Shear not the best, however enough that an isolated tornado
can not be ruled out. /KEG/
.PREV DISCUSSION... /issued 343 AM CST Mon Feb 27 2017/
An upper level jet couplet will briefly reside over the area
creating some additional forcing aloft today. The prime period of
the strongest lift will exist from now through the mid-afternoon
hours. Forcing should begin to diminish through the late
afternoon and evening hours as the jet couplet shifts away from
the area, and the region comes under the influence of increasing
subsidence and negative vorticity advection.
No significant low level feature is noted to serve as a focus of
convective initiation today, but the highest omega and greatest
over instability looks to be over the northern third of the
forecast area. SBCAPE values of 1500 to 2000 J/KG and MLCAPE
values of close to 1000 J/KG are expected across a large portion
of Southwest Mississippi and the Baton Rouge region this morning
and early afternoon. Fortunately, wind shear will be somewhat
limited across the area. The strongest shear will be located over
the same area with the highest instability where 0-6km bulk shear
of 50 to 55 knots could occur. Given the shear and instability
values noted, some stronger storms could develop over the north
and northwest parts of the forecast area. An isolated severe
thunderstorm could develop, but the overall threat is limited at
best. If severe storms develop, mid-level lapse rates of around
7.0C/km would support some hail development. The 0-6km shear value
of around 50 knots would also support some strong wind gusts
coming from any severe storm. Farther to the south and east, the
threat of severe storms is basically nil due to a lack of decent
shear and less overall instability.
The increased subsidence and negative vorticity advection over the
area will persist through tomorrow. The biggest result from this
subsidence will be a drying and warming of the mid-level airmass
resulting in the production of a fairly strong mid-level cap. This
cap will effectively limit cloud development during the day
tomorrow, and as a result most of the forecast area is expected to
remain warm and dry tomorrow. Highs will easily climb into the
lower to middle 80s which is near record territory. Only the far
northern part of the CWA in Southwest Mississippi may see enough
weakness in the cap to allow for isolated showers and
thunderstorms. Any convection should dissipate by Tuesday evening
as instability decreases with the loss of daytime heating.
Wednesday will be a day of transition as a strong long wave trough
moving through the Plains and into the Midwest and Northeast will
drive a fairly strong cold front through the forecast area. Strong
low level forcing along the front combined with increased positive
vorticity advection aloft will favor the development of showers
and thunderstorms throughout the day on Wednesday as the front
sweeps through the area. There will be a limited threat of severe
thunderstorms on Wednesday mainly due to continued steep mid-level
lapse rates and decent SBCAPE of around 1000 to 1500J/KG.
Directional shear values will remain limited, but 0-6km speed
shear should support some tilting of updrafts and the development
of a few strong to possibly severe thunderstorms Wednesday
afternoon. Shear values once again will be highest over the
northern third of the CWA, and this area will have the highest
risk of a potential severe thunderstorm developing. Temperatures
will remain quite warm ahead of the front, and daytime highs are
expected to climb back to near 80 degrees.
Conditions will gradually improve Wednesday night in the wake of
the front as a drier and more stable airmass moves in. However,
some lingering low level cloud cover and showers could affect
coastal portions of the forecast area through the overnight hours.
Temperatures will also begin to cool dramatically behind the front
with lows dipping back into the 40s and lower 50s Wednesday night.
A cool and stable airmass will dominate the Gulf South for
Thursday and Friday. Northeast flow will keep 925mb temperatures
at around 45 degrees which is supportive of surface highs in the
middle 60s. Subsidence aloft and the dry airmass should keep
skies mostly clear both days. These clear skies will allow lows
to dip into the upper 30s and 40s both Thursday and Friday nights.
Heading into the upcoming weekend, model guidance has become a bit
less bullish on the strength of a low pressure system moving out
of Texas and across the Gulf South. Both models now show a much
weaker and more open shortwave feature sliding through the region.
With less overall lift influencing the baroclinic zone over the
western Gulf of Mexico, the low level reflection of the upper
level low will be much weaker for Saturday and Sunday. Given this,
now expect to see only isolated showers by Saturday afternoon
mainly due to some lingering dry air in the mid-levels. There will
be little to no instability to speak of, and winds will remain
easterly through the day, so thunderstorms are currently not
anticipated to develop on Saturday.
Heading into Sunday, continued moisture advection into the area,
and a stronger onshore flow in the mid-levels will result in
higher precipitable water values and greater rain chances. Some
weak forcing will remain over the area as a vorticity max slides
through on the back of a largely zonal flow regime in the upper
levels. This vort lobe should provide just enough lift to spark
off some scattered convection as temperatures warm into the middle
MVFR ceilings have moved into the northwest half of the area,
affecting KMCB, KHDC, KBTR and KHUM. Scattered showers moving
northeastward across the area as well. No lightning associated with
these storms, the closest lightning is north of Interstate 20.
MVFR conditions should overspread remaining terminals over the next
several hours. Scattered SHRA and TSRA will be expected across most
terminals during the day, but will try to focus best chances of TSRA
on a 3 or 4 hour period based on mesoscale modeling for 12z TAF
package. With the passage of the upper trof around 21z, expect most
precipitation to be gone by 00z. Will still have potential for low
ceilings, MVFR to IFR, overnight, but should see some improvement
from the south. 35
Will carry Exercise Caution headlines for the open waters today,
until winds ease somewhat after the upper trough passage. Winds
should then generally be in the 10-15 knot range for much of Tuesday
and Wednesday ahead of the next front. Small Craft Advisories will
be necessary beginning Wednesday night, with some sort of marine
headline likely through the end of the week. 35
DSS code: Blue.
Deployed: NOLA EOC.
Activation: None. Activities: Support for City of New
Orleans through Tuesday. Monitoring convective trends.
Decision Support Services (DSS) Code Legend
Green = No weather impacts that require action.
Blue = Long-fused watch, warning, or advisory in effect or
high visibility event.
Yellow = Heightened impacts with short-fused watch, warning or
advisory issuances; radar support.
Orange = High Impacts; Slight to Moderate risk severe; nearby tropical
events; HazMat or other large episodes.
Red = Full engagement for Moderate risk of severe and/or
direct tropical threats; Events of National Significance.
.PRELIMINARY POINT TEMPS/POPS...
MCB 76 65 83 65 / 70 30 20 10
BTR 78 67 84 67 / 50 30 10 10
ASD 77 66 82 65 / 60 30 10 10
MSY 78 67 82 67 / 60 30 10 10
GPT 75 66 78 66 / 50 30 10 10
PQL 77 65 79 65 / 40 30 10 10