Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Albany, NY

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000
FXUS61 KALY 020000
AFDALY

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ALBANY NY
800 PM EDT SAT AUG 1 2015

.SYNOPSIS...
A WEAK UPPER LEVEL DISTURBANCE WILL MOVE ACROSS THE
REGION TONIGHT ACCOMPANIED BY SOME CLOUDS AND A PASSING SHOWER. HIGH
PRESSURE WILL BRIEFLY BUILD IN FROM THE TENNESSEE VALLEY AND THE MID
ATLANTIC STATES OVERNIGHT INTO SUNDAY WITH DRY WEATHER.  A STRONGER
COLD FRONT WILL BRING MORE SCATTERED SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS FOR
MONDAY.

&&

.NEAR TERM /THROUGH SUNDAY/...
AS OF 740 PM EDT...REALLY NO CONVECTIVE ACTIVITY ANYWHERE IN OUR
COUNTY WARNING AREA. THERE WERE STILL A FEW SHOWERS JUST TO THE
SOUTHWEST OF THE HUDSON VALLEY...SOUTHWEST OF ULSTER COUNTY SO WE
KEPT SLIGHT CHANCES OF A SHOWER/THUNDERSTORM IN THOSE AREAS
THROUGH EARLY EVENING.

OTHERWISE IT IS A BEAUTIFUL NIGHT WITH DEWPOINTS GENERALLY
SURPRESSED INTO THE LOWER AND MID 50S. A GUSTY WEST BREEZE WILL
ABATE AFTER SUNDOWN. TEMPERATURES...STILL AROUND 80 IN THE
VALLEYS....70S HIGHER TERRAIN. TEMPERATURES WILL DROP PRETTY
QUICKLY AFTER SUNDOWN DUE TO A LIGHTER WIND...MAINLY CLEAR SKY AND
THE LOW DEWPOINTS.

THE ONLY EXCEPTION WILL BE IN THE ADIRONDACKS WHERE YET ANOTHER
VERY WEAK DISTURBANCE ROTATING AROUND A MID LEVEL TROUGH COULD
TOUCH OFF A FEW MORE SHOWERS OR A STRAY THUNDERSTORM LATER THIS
EVENING...THEN EXITING THE REGION BY MIDNIGHT. OTHERWISE...A WEAK
MID LEVEL RIDGE WILL BUILD TO OUR SOUTH OVERNIGHT.

FOR THIS UPDATE...ONLY VERY MINOR TWEAKS...MAINLY ON THE HOURLY
GRIDS.

LEFT OVERNIGHT LOWS ALONE. THEY LOOK TO GET DOWN TO 55 TO AROUND
60 MOST PLACES...50-55 IN THE COOLER THAT OUTLYING REGIONS.

THE AFOREMENTIONED MID LEVEL RIDGE WILL SLIDE EAST AND THE UPPER
LEVEL SYNOPTIC FLOW BECOMES MORE SOUTHERLY. SHOULD BE A RATHER
MILD END TO THE WEEKEND AS H850 TEMPS CLIMB BACK INTO THE MIDDLE
TEENS. COUPLE THAT WITH INCREASING SSW WINDS WILL RESULT IN
FAVORABLE DOWNSLOPING FOR VALLEY TEMPS TO CLIMB WELL INTO THE 80S
AND DEWPOINTS REMAINING OR SLIGHTLY FALLING INTO THE LOWER AND
MIDDLE 50S. FORECAST BUFR PROFILES SUGGEST FAIRLY DEEP MIXING TO
COMMENCE ON SUNDAY AS WE HAVE ALSO INCREASED WIND MAGNITUDES AS
GUSTS INTO THE LOWER 20KT RANGE.

&&

.SHORT TERM /SUNDAY NIGHT THROUGH MONDAY NIGHT/...
SUNDAY NIGHT...SOUTHERLY FLOW WILL REMAIN IN PLACE AND INCREASE
ALOFT AS UPSTREAM TROUGH/SHORT WAVE AMPLIFY THE SYNOPTIC FLOW.
WHILE IT SHOULD REMAIN DRY ACROSS MOST OF THE REGION...ISENTROPIC
LIFT AND MOISTURE ADVECTING INTO WESTERN AND CENTRAL NY MAY
DEVELOP AN ELEVATED SHOWER/STORM ACROSS THE DACKS AND WESTERN
MOHAWK VALLEY OVERNIGHT.  LOWS WILL BE MILDER THAN THE PREVIOUS
NIGHTS WITH U50S TO M60S OVER THE REGION.

MONDAY-MONDAY NIGHT...AN ACTIVE PERIOD OF WEATHER FOR THE REGION
AND MODEL CONSENSUS FAVORS A STRENGTHENING COLD FRONT IMPACTING
THE REGION WITH FROPA TO OCCUR MONDAY EVENING. SEVERE PARAMETERS
LOOK MORE FAVORABLE WITH THE 12Z GUIDANCE WITH BULK SHEAR OF
30-40KTS...SBCAPES 1-2K J/KG...SHOWALTER VALUES OF -2 TO -4C AND
MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES OF BETWEEN 6-7 C/KM. LOW LEVEL HODOGRAPHS
AND CHANNELING UP THE HUDSON COULD PROVE TO BE INTERESTING YET THE
LCL/S LOOK RATHER HIGH AT THE PRESENT TIME /AOB H850/.
NEVERTHELESS...CONTINUED WITH THE PREVIOUS FORECAST WITH LIKELY
POPS LATER MONDAY INTO MONDAY. SPC CURRENT OUTLOOK /WHICH DOES NOT
UPDATE DURING THE DAY SHIFTS FOR SWODY3 AND BEYOND/ REMAINS
WITHIN A MARGINAL RISK AS WE WILL COORDINATE ANY FUTURE UPGRADES
TO THE OUTLOOK. SOME LOCALLY HEAVY DOWNPOURS WILL BE POSSIBLE TOO
AS PWATS RISE BACK TO THE 1.25-1.75 INCH RANGE. HIGHS WILL RANGE
FROM THE LOWER TO U80S IN THE VALLEY AREAS...AND M70S TO L80S OVER
THE HIGHER TERRAIN. LOWS MON NIGHT WILL BE IN THE M50S TO M60S.

&&

.LONG TERM /TUESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/...
A LARGE TROUGH ACROSS THE NORTHEAST INCLUDING CLOSED LOW OVER HUDSON
BAY....WILL CONTINUE TO BE THE THEME DURING THE EXTENDED PERIOD.
THIS TROUGH WILL KEEP THE WEATHER IN THE EXTENDED POTENTIALLY
UNSETTLED AT TIMES...WITH SLIGHTLY BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES.

TUESDAY...A WEAK SHORT WAVE AND SECONDARY COLD FRONT WILL TRAVERSE
ACROSS THE REGION. THERE WILL BE CHANCES FOR SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS...MAINLY NORTH OF I-90...MAINLY DURING THE AFTERNOON.
TEMPERATURES WILL STILL BE ABOUT SEASONABLE THAT DAY...80-85
VALLEYS...MID TO UPPER 70S HIGHER TERRAIN.

TUESDAY NIGHT THESE FEATURES MOVE EAST. THERE COULD STILL BE A FEW
LINGERING SHOWERS MAINLY IN THE MOUNTAINS DURING THE
EVENING...OTHERWISE IT TURNS A LITTLE COOLER WITH LOWS 55-60 ALBANY
SOUTH...50-55 FURTHER NORTH ALONG WITH PARTIAL CLEARING.

WEDNESDAY LOOKS TO BE A PRETTY NICE DAY. CLOUDS WILL MIX WITH
SUNSHINE AS A COLD POOL ALOFT MAKES FOR INCREASING AFTERNOON
INSTABILITY. THERE COULD BE A FEW SHOWERS NORTH OF THE CAPITAL
REGION. HIGH TEMPERATURES WILL BE 75-80 IN THE VALLEYS...ONLY MID
60S TO LOWER 70S ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN.

HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS TO OUR NORTH WEDNESDAY NIGHT. MEANWHILE...SOME
SORT OF WAVE WAVE ALONG A STALLED OUT FRONT LOOKS TO SLIDE TO OUR
SOUTH. SOME GUIDANCE ATTEMPTS TO BRING SHOWERS (POSSIBLY EVEN A
SHIELD OF STEADY RAIN) NORTHWARD ON THURSDAY (FRIDAY ON THE CANADIAN
MID RANGE MODEL). FOR NOW...GENERALLY WENT NO HIGHER THAN SLIGHT
CHANCES AS MUCH OF THE GUIDANCE HAS THE SHOWERS STAYING JUST SOUTH
OF OUR REGION DURING THIS TIME FRAME. THERE WILL BE TIME TO ADJUST
THE POPS ONE WAY OR ANOTHER.

LOWS WEDNESDAY NIGHT WILL GENERALLY BE IN THE 50S. HIGHS THURSDAY
WILL BE SIMILAR TO WEDNESDAY. HOWEVER...IF IT TURNS OUT TO BE
CLOUDS AND RAINIER THAN CURRENT THINKING...IT COULD BE AN
UNSEASONABLY COOL DAY.

IT WILL BE THE SAME SITUATION FOR FRIDAY...SO FOR NOW...GENERALLY
WENT WENT HIGHS UPPER 60S TO UPPER 70S WHICH ASSUME A THINNER
CLOUD COVER AND ONLY A SLIGHT CHANCE OF SHOWERS. IF THE CANADIAN
MODEL PANS OUT HIGHS WOULD BE LOWER AGAIN ON FRIDAY.

BY SATURDAY...BOTH THE 12Z EUROPEAN AND 12Z GFS OPERATIONAL MODELS
INDICATED SOME SORT OF RAINFALL ACROSS THE REGION AS A MORE
SIGNIFICANT LOW PRESSURE TRACKS NORTHEAST SOUTH OF THE COAST MUCH
LIKE A WINTER NOR`EASTER. ON THIS DAY...CALLED IT MOSTLY CLOUDY WITH
30 POPS OF SHOWERS FOR NOW. HIGHS ARE EXPECTED ONCE AGAIN TO ONLY BE
FROM THE UPPER 60S TO MID 70S.

&&

.AVIATION /00Z SUNDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/...
VFR CONDITIONS THROUGH THIS EVENING AT ALL THE TAF SITES. ALL
CONVECTIVE ELEMENTS WERE GONE.

AFTER MIDNIGHT...SOME MVFR RADIATIONAL FOG MIGHT FORM AT MAINLY
KPSF. WE PLACED MIFG IN THE KGFL TO REFLECT THE POSSIBILITY THAT
SOME FOG WILL FORM BUT RIGHT CONFIDENCE WAS LOW TO EVEN PLACE MVFR
IN.

THE CROSS OVER TEMPERATURES WAS CALCULATED IN THE MID 50S...AND WE
ARE FORECASTING LOWS IN THE MID 50S AT KPSF AND KGFL.

RIGHT NOW WE LEAN WITH NO FOG AT KPOU OR KALB AS OVERNIGHT LOWS
SHOULD REMAIN SLIGHTLY ABOVE THE CROSSOVER TEMPERATURE.

ANY AND ALL FOG DISSIPATES BY 12Z...LEAVING US WITH A VFR DAY WITH
FEW-SCT CU WITH BASES AROUND 6000 FEET.

THE GUSTY WIND WILL RELAX THIS EVENING...BECOMING LIGHT VARIABLE
TO SOUTHERLY AROUND 5KTS OR LESS. THE WIND WILL TURN SW AT ALL THE
TAF SITES ON SUNDAY 5-10KTS...GUSTING UP TO 20KTS AT KALB AND KPSF
BY 16Z.


OUTLOOK...

SUNDAY NIGHT: NO OPERATIONAL IMPACT. NO SIG WX.
MONDAY: HIGH OPERATIONAL IMPACT. BREEZY LIKELY SHRA...TSRA.
MONDAY NIGHT: HIGH OPERATIONAL IMPACT. LIKELY SHRA...TSRA.
TUESDAY: LOW OPERATIONAL IMPACT. SLIGHT CHANCE OF SHRA...TSRA.
TUESDAY NIGHT: NO OPERATIONAL IMPACT. NO SIG WX.
WEDNESDAY: NO OPERATIONAL IMPACT. NO SIG WX.
WEDNESDAY NIGHT: NO OPERATIONAL IMPACT. NO SIG WX.
THURSDAY: NO OPERATIONAL IMPACT. NO SIG WX.

&&

.FIRE WEATHER...
MINIMAL FIRE WEATHER CONCERNS THROUGH THE WEEKEND AS AN UPPER
LEVEL DISTURBANCE WILL RESULT IN ISOLATED TO SCATTERED SHOWERS
AND ISOLATED THUNDERSTORMS TODAY...AND THEN EXPECT FAIR AND DRY
WEATHER TONIGHT INTO SUNDAY.

RELATIVE HUMIDITY WILL INCREASE TO 85 TO 100 PERCENT TONIGHT WITH
SOME PATCHY FOG. MIN RH VALUES SUNDAY WILL DROP TO 35 TO 45
PERCENT DURING THE AFTERNOON.

THE WINDS WILL BECOME LIGHT AND VARIABLE IN DIRECTION AT 5 MPH OR
LESS TONIGHT. THE WINDS WILL BE FROM THE SOUTH TO SOUTHWEST AT 5
TO 10 MPH ON SUNDAY WITH GUSTS TO 20 MPH DURING THE AFTERNOON
HOURS.

&&

.HYDROLOGY...
RESIDUAL CONVECTION WILL DISSIPATE THIS EVENING WITH DRY WEATHER
EXPECTED SUNDAY. THE CHANCE FOR SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS
INCREASES SUNDAY NIGHT AND ESPECIALLY ON MONDAY ASSOCIATED WITH A
COLD FRONT. PWATS CLIMB TO BETWEEN 1.25-1.75 INCHES SO
THUNDERSTORMS WILL HAVE THE CAPABILITY TO PRODUCE HEAVY RAINFALL.
THIS MAY CAUSE SOME MINOR FLOODING IN POOR DRAINAGE AREAS AND
WHERE TRAINING OF STORMS WERE TO OCCUR. RIVERS ARE RATHER LOW AND
IMPACT FROM THE RAINFALL IS EXPECTED TO RESULT WITHIN BANK RIVER
RISES.

ISOLATED TO SCATTERED SHOWERS ARE EXPECTED INTO THE MID WEEK WITH
AN UPPER LEVEL LOW...BUT LITTLE IMPACT ON THE RIVERS IS EXPECTED
IN THE ALY HYDRO SERVICE AREA.

FOR DETAILS ON SPECIFIC AREA RIVERS AND LAKES...INCLUDING
OBSERVED AND FORECAST RIVER STAGES AND LAKE ELEVATIONS...PLEASE
VISIT THE ADVANCED HYDROLOGIC PREDICTION SERVICE /AHPS/ GRAPHS ON
OUR WEBSITE.

&&

.EQUIPMENT...
KENX DOPPLER RADAR WAS BACK UP AND RUNNING FOR THE REMAINDER OF
TODAY THROUGH TONIGHT. IT WILL BE NEEDED TO OFF LINE ONE MORE DAY
ON SUNDAY.

&&

.ALY WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
CT...NONE.
NY...NONE.
MA...NONE.
VT...NONE.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...HWJIV/BGM/WASULA
NEAR TERM...HWJIV/BGM
SHORT TERM...BGM/WASULA
LONG TERM...HWJIV
AVIATION...HWJIV
FIRE WEATHER...BGM/WASULA
HYDROLOGY...BGM/WASULA
EQUIPMENT...


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