Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS State College, PA

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FXUS61 KCTP 272319

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service State College PA
719 PM EDT Tue Sep 27 2016

Dry conditions will prevail tonight. A storm system digging
southward across the Great Lakes tonight will bring an elevated
risk for heavy to excessive rainfall and flooding Wednesday night
into Thursday over south central PA. Unsettled weather will
continue into the weekend with periods of showers.


Mid clouds and some low clouds nearing the NW but otherwise clear
at 23z. Lower cloud deck should start to form south of PA and may
nudge into the SC mtns before sunrise Wed. Temps have dropped 3-6F
in the last hour with dewpoints very low (30s) in the W/NW, but in
the 50s in the eastern valley cities. No big changes to the near
term grids.

Also reviewed the lastest WPC excessive rainfall guidance and the
threat area has slid southward just a bit - with the higher threat
to the south of the MD border. Will continue to hold off on flood
watch at this point.

Dry conditions prevail one more night before several days of
unsettled and quite soggy weather beginning late Wednesday. Weak
high pressure remains overhead tonight keeping skies mainly clear
for most with patchy river valley fog. No sig changes in the near
term as main wx focus is on potential heavy rain event midweek.

In the pre dawn hours...winds will begin to shift to the southeast
signalling the beginning of deteriorating weather over the
commonwealth. Narrow ribbon of sub-0.5" PW will be sandwiched from
the west and east by deeper layer moisture advecting into the
region. Mins will range from the lower 40s north to the lower 50s


For Wednesday...southeast flow will bring increase in cloudiness
from southeast to northwest...with a chance of showers arriving
late Wednesday. The risk for heavy rain ramps up after 00z
Thursday. Highs will range from the upper 60s northwest to the
lower 70s southeast.


*Increased risk of heavy to excessive rainfall and flooding
 Wednesday night into Thursday. Primary threat area is southern
 third of Pennsylvania.

Latest guidance is narrowing in on the heavy rain potential for
Wednesday night and Thursday, with growing confidence of at least
a small shift southward for heaviest rain potential. Still looking
at high likelihood for a widespread 2 to 4 inch rainfall (with
the potential for higher amounts across the south). What is
certain is that a favorable cluster of parameters come together
and remain focused on central PA for a 24 to 36 hour period from
Wednesday evening through early Friday...bringing the greatest
heavy rain potential we`ve seen in several months to the region.

A pronounced convergence axis is progged to develop to the east
of an upper low that parks over the Ohio Valley, tapping into
deep moisture/high PW air off the Atlantic via anomalous east-
southeast low-level winds. The models also indicate some marginal
instability (a few hundred J/KG of CAPE) along the moisture
convergence axis, suggesting some embedded convective elements are
possible within the rain axis. The combination of strong forcing
aloft, impressive low level moisture convergence, magnitude of
850mb wind anomalies, terrain enhancement and slow overall
movement suggest an axis of heavy to excessive rainfall with
potential flooding is likely to evolve over south-central PA
Wednesday night into Thursday. The main question of course is
exactly where with model QPFs continue to differ somewhat at each
6hr interval. Therefore, generally followed the latest WPC QPF
which slightly shifts a broad area of 2-4" a bit further south
than previous runs (across mainly the south- central and
southeastern counties with localized amounts of 4-6" possible.

WPC continues the SLGT and MDT excessive rain risk for Wednesday
and Thursday. This is highlighted in the HWO and possible heavy
rain will be mentioned in grids/text products. Idea of a flood
watch was tossed around a bit, but event still 30+ hours out and
evolving. Most likely area would be southern tier/lower susq
unless later runs continue to shift heavy rain axis southward. The
other wildcard is the recent dryness, but given the favorable
synoptic set-up and magnitude of the anomalies the risk is

The upper low is fcst to wobble back to the west/NW toward the OH
Valley on Friday before slowly moving to the ENE across the Lower
Great Lakes through the weekend. This will keep the pattern
unsettled with periods of showers - but we are not expecting the
heavy rain risk to persist beyond Thursday. Temps still holding
close to seasonal normals as we close out September and head into


A clear early fall evening outside.

Airmass quite dry now, not expecting fog overnight.

Wednesday should be the last good VFR day before more showery and
cloudy conditions develop later Wednesday Night into Thursday with
widespread reduced conditions likely.

For the 00Z TAF package, did bring in some mid level clouds
and a gusty southeat breeze during the day on Wednesday. The only
site I have MVFR conditions in before 00Z Thursday is JST.


Thu-Fri...Widespread showers/cig reductions.

Sat...Reductions possible with a chance of showers.

Sun...Improving conditions.




NEAR TERM...Dangelo/DeVoir
LONG TERM...RXR/Steinbugl
AVIATION...Martin is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.