Area Forecast Discussion
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FXUS61 KBOX 220547
AFDBOX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE TAUNTON MA
147 AM EDT FRI AUG 22 2014

.SYNOPSIS...
SHOWERS CONTINUING ACROSS WESTERN NEW ENGLAND OVERNIGHT INTO
FRIDAY...DISSOLVING SOUTHWEST AS HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS IN FROM THE
NORTH. HIGH PRESSURE OUT OF THE MARITIMES WILL BRING DRIER AND
COOLER CONDITIONS THIS WEEKEND. MILDER TEMPERATURES WILL RETURN
EARLY NEXT WEEK. UNSETTLED CONDITIONS MAY RETURN LATE WEDNESDAY OR
NEXT THURSDAY AS A FRONT MAY APPROACH OUT OF QUEBEC.

&&

.NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM THIS MORNING/...
10 PM UPDATE...
WV IMAGERY SHOWS WEAKENED UPPER LVL CUTOFF VORTMAX NOW SLIDING SE
THROUGH NY INTO PA/NJ THIS EVENING. LATEST RAP ALSO SHOWS THAT
AXIS OF LEFTOVER INSTABILITY RESIDES TO THE W AS WELL. HENCE WHY
MUCH OF THE CONVECTIVE ACTIVITY IS TAKING ON A MORE N-S
PROPAGATION THIS EVENING AND WHY ONLY LEFTOVER CONVECTION IN THE
FORM OF LIGHT-MOD -SHRA ARE MAKING IT/S WAY INTO THE WRN ZONES.
FEEL THIS WILL CONTINUE TO BE THE TREND MUCH OF THE
NIGHT...ALTHOUGH EXPECT THAT THE BULK OF THE STRONGER CONVECTION
IS LIKELY TO WEAKEN WITH THE LOSS OF HEATING.

ELSEWHERE...FURTHER E...SPOTTY -SHRA CONTINUE TO FORM AHEAD OF THE
VORTMAX ALONG AN AXIS OF 30+ K-INDEX VALUES SUGGESTIVE OF MODERATE
COLUMN MOISTURE IN THE LOW-MID LVLS AND JUST ENOUGH CONDITIONAL
INSTABILITY TO SUPPORT THE LIFT PROVIDED BY THE APPROACHING WAVE.
THESE ARE LIKELY TO CONTINUE FORMING IN-SITU ACROSS THE
REGION...SO AN AXIS OF HIGH CHANCE TO LOW LIKELY POPS WILL BE
USED. SOME OF THESE ARE LIKELY TO HOLD TOGETHER INTO THE
PROVIDENCE-BOSTON CORRIDOR AS WELL.

PREVIOUS DISCUSSION...

TONIGHT...
LOW TRANSITIONS AS AN OPEN WAVE LOW TOWARDS THE SE. ACCOMPANYING
MAIN CRUX OF ENERGY YIELDS ASCENT OF AVAILABLE MOISTURE FUELED BY
A SW-PLUME OF HIGHER THETA-E AIR WRAPPING AHEAD OF THE LOW /1.5
PWAT AIRMASS/ CONVERGING AGAINST HIGH PRESSURE AND DRY AIR
BUILDING SW BELOW H8. THIS YIELDS NW-SE ORIENTED AREAS OF F-GEN
FORCING WITHIN THE LOW-LEVELS THAT WILL LIKELY PARENT WITH MID-
LEVEL FORCING.

A CONSENSUS WEIGHTING OF MODEL GUIDANCE PUTS THE LIKELIHOOD OF
SHOWERS TOWARDS THE W/SW FORECAST ZONE WHICH WOULD BE EXPECTED BUT
CAN NOT RULE OUT OF CHANCE OF SHOWERS ELSEWHERE. ONLY THE
IMMEDIATE E/SE MAY BE SPARED OF WET WEATHER...BUT AM NOT HOLDING
MY BREATH. LOW CONFIDENCE OF THUNDER WITH THE STABLE ENVIRONMENT.

WILL NEED TO MONITOR FOR FOG AND LOW CLOUDS. HIGHEST CONFIDENCE
IS IN AREAS OF STRONG LOW-LEVEL CONVERGENCE AND SHOWERS...
ESPECIALLY ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN. YET WITH E-ONSHORE FLOW
DRIVING IN HIGHER DEWPOINT AIR...ALONG WITH THE GREATER CAPACITY
FOR AREAS TO RADIATE EFFICIENTLY THE LAST COUPLE OF NIGHTS...FOG
AND LOW CLOUDS MAY BE POSSIBLE FOR E/SE PORTIONS OF NEW ENGLAND.
INCREASING CLOUDS FROM THE W MAY COMPLICATE THE MATTER.

WILL GO WITH LOWS AROUND THE UPPER-50S TO LOW-60S WITH THE COOL
SPOTS TO THE N/W WHICH BARELY SAW ANY SUN...AND THE E/SE IMMEDIATE
INTERIOR.

&&

.SHORT TERM /6 AM THIS MORNING THROUGH 6 PM SATURDAY/...
FRIDAY...

WITH THE LOW SWUNG SE OF THE REGION...CUTOFF ENERGY WRAPS REARWARD
AND SE INTO THE REGION INVOKING A HANGING TROUGH. RISING HEIGHTS IN
WAKE OF THE TROUGH ALLOW FOR ENHANCED RIDGING OF HIGH PRESSURE SW
AHEAD OF WHICH F-GEN FORCING IS MAXIMIZED WITHIN THE LOW-LEVELS.
PARENTING WITH MID-LEVEL ASCENT PER CUTOFF ENERGY...THERE IS THE
LIKELIHOOD FOR CONTINUED SHOWERY WEATHER OVER SW PORTIONS OF NEW
ENGLAND.

WILL HOLD WITH LIKELY POPS ACROSS FAR W/SW PORTIONS OF THE
FORECAST AREA BENEATH AN ABUNDANCE OF CLOUDS. AM NOT GOING TO GET
SPECIFIC WITH THE FORECAST POPS BUT RATHER BROAD BRUSH AN AREA
WHERE THERE IS HIGHEST CONFIDENCE. CHANCE TO SLIGHT CHANCE POPS E.

COMBINATION OF CLOUDS AND RAIN COULD MAKE FOR A VERY CHILL DAY
ESPECIALLY FOR MID- TO LATE-AUGUST. THE DREARY WEATHER COULD YIELD
HIGHS AROUND THE LOW- TO MID-60S FOR THE S/W...WARMER E WHERE THE
GREATER CHANCE OF SEEING SOME SUNSHINE YET ONLY INTO THE UPPER-60S
WITH THE BRISK ONSHORE E-FLOW SURGING INTO INTERIOR NEW ENGLAND.

FRIDAY NIGHT...

ACTIVITY SHOULD DIMINISH WITH SUBSIDENCE AND DRY AIR BUILDING SW AS
HEIGHTS RISE IN RESPONSE TO THE HANGING TROUGH SWINGING S/E. LOW-
LEVEL F-GEN FORCING AND MID-LEVEL FORCING SHOULD CONTINUE TO PUSH SW
INTO NY/PA AHEAD OF CONTINUED RIDGE ENHANCEMENT.

WHILE CONSENSUS WEIGHTING OF MODEL GUIDANCE YIELDS A SLIGHT CHANCE
OF SHOWERS FOR S/W PORTIONS OF THE FORECAST AREA...THE LONG E-FETCH
OFF THE WATERS LIKELY RESULTING IN MOISTURE POOLING WITHIN THE LOW-
LEVELS COULD RESULT IN LOW CLOUDS AND FOG...PERHAPS EVEN DRIZZLE AS
THE FLOW UNDERGOES OROGRAPHIC LIFT ALONG THE E-SHORELINE.

A TOUGH FORECAST AND A LIKELY COOL AND DREARY NIGHT WITH LOWS
GETTING DOWN AROUND THE MID-50S. WITH DEWPOINTS AT SIMILAR VALUES...
ANTICIPATING A PLETHORA OF PATCHY DENSE FOG WHERE THE E-FLOW IS
LIGHT.

&&

.LONG TERM /SATURDAY NIGHT THROUGH THURSDAY/...
HIGHLIGHTS...

* QUIET WEATHER EXPECTED THROUGH MUCH OF THIS PERIOD
* MILDER TEMPERATURES WILL RETURN MONDAY AND TUESDAY AS RIDGE TRIES
  TO BUILD EAST
* TIMING OF APPROACHING FRONT BY LATE NEXT WEEK REMAINS UNCERTAIN

BLOCKING UPPER LEVEL PATTERN LOOKS TO REMAIN IN PLACE ACROSS NORTH
AMERICA AS H5 CUTOFF LOW PRES REMAINS PERSISTENT S OF GREENLAND
THROUGH MOST IF NOT ALL OF THE LONG TERM PERIOD. SOME QUESTIONS DO
COME INTO PLAY AS THE NORTHERN STREAM UPPER FLOW TRIES TO
RECONFIGURE EARLY NEXT WEEK. NW FLOW TRIES TO FLATTEN OUT LATER THIS
WEEKEND...THEN UPPER LEVEL RIDGING APPEARS TO BUILD IN BRIEFLY
AROUND MONDAY OR TUESDAY. OPERATIONAL MODEL RUN DIFFERENCES MAY BE
RESOLVING...BUT STILL SOME TIMING ISSUES CONTINUE LATE NEXT WEEK.
THIS LENDS TO LOWER FORECAST CONFIDENCE BEYOND TUESDAY.

DETAILS...

SATURDAY AND SUNDAY...

EXPECT HIGH PRES RIDGING TO CONTINUE TO NOSE IN FROM THE MARITIMES.
THE ORIENTATION OF THIS RIDGE WILL KEEP COOL ONSHORE WINDS. SEVERAL
OPERATIONAL MODEL SOLUTIONS...MAINLY THE 12Z GFS/ECMWF...TRY TO WORK
CLOUDS AND SOME LIGHT PRECIP OFF THE OCEAN DURING SAT WITH LONG
FETCH OFF THE GULF OF MAINE. CAN NOT RULE OUT ISOLD SHOWERS THAT MAY
MOVE ONSHORE SATURDAY MORNING THEN PUSH W. COULD EVEN SEE SOME LIGHT
DRIZZLE AROUND SUNRISE ALONG THE IMMEDIATE COAST. HAVE MENTIONED
ONLY SLIGHT CHANCE POPS AT THIS POINT...THOUGH...BECAUSE OF
UNCERTAINTY OF HOW MUCH MOISTURE WILL BE REALIZED. ONE CERTAINTY
THOUGH IS THAT COOLER THAN NORMAL TEMPS WILL REMAIN WITH THE ONSHORE
WINDS THROUGH THE WEEKEND.

MONDAY AND TUESDAY...

LOOKS LIKE THE MARITIMES RIDGE AXIS TRIES TO PUSH OFFSHORE AS H5
RIDGE PUSHES SE OUT OF ONTARIO AND THE GREAT LAKES AND ACTUALLY
BUILDS INTO QUEBEC...A SET UP THAT HAS BEEN RARE THIS SUMMER. WILL
REMAIN DRY BUT LOOKS LIKE MILDER TEMPS ON THE HORIZON AS WINDS BACK
AROUND TO W AND SW. TEMPS LOOK BE CLOSE TO SEASONAL NORMS FOR LATE
AUGUST...THOUGH WILL REMAIN A BIT COOLER ALONG THE S COAST. HUMIDITY
WILL ALSO START TO INCREASE DURING TUESDAY.

WEDNESDAY AND THURSDAY...

WHILE THE LAST SEVERAL ECMWF OP RUNS HAVE BEEN MUCH FASTER THAN THE
COUNTERPART GFS...THE 12Z RUN LOOKS MUCH CLOSER WITH ITS SOLUTION IN
KEEPING RIDGING ACROSS MOST OF THE EASTERN SEABOARD.  ONE BIG FLY IN
THE OINTMENT IS THE POSSIBILITY OF A SYSTEM THAT WILL TRY TO MAKE
THE TURN AROUND THE SUBTROPICAL RIDGE OFFSHORE...BUT THAT IS HIGHLY
UNCERTAIN.  WEAK COLD FRONT MAY STILL TRY TO WORK OUT OF QUEBEC LAST
WED OR THU...THEN COULD STALL SOMEWHERE ACROSS THE REGION. STILL A
TOUGH CALL. ALSO...DEPENDING UPON AVAILABLE MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY...MIGHT SEE SOME SHOWERS AND/OR THUNDERSTORMS IN
VICINITY OF THE FRONT. LEANED TOWARD A BLEND OF THE 12Z GFS RUN
ALONG WITH GFS/EC ENSEMBLES FOR THIS PORTION OF THE FORECAST.

&&

.AVIATION /06Z FRIDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/...
FORECASTER CONFIDENCE LEVELS...

LOW...LESS THAN 30 PERCENT.
MODERATE...30 TO 60 PERCENT.
HIGH...GREATER THAN 60 PERCENT.

SHORT TERM...THROUGH SATURDAY...MODERATE CONFIDENCE.

THROUGH 12Z...
A FEW SHOWERS ACROSS THE REGION THROUGH THE MORNING...ESPECIALLY
ACROSS SRN NH AND POINTS W OF THE WORCESTER HILLS. THESE ARE THE
MOST LIKELY SPOTS TO EXPERIENCE MVFR CONDITIONS. VFR DOMINATES
ELSEWHERE...EXCEPT ACK...WHERE IFR CIGS LINGER THROUGH THE
MORNING.

TODAY INTO TONIGHT...
CONDITIONS IMPROVE TO VFR MOST LOCATIONS THROUGH THE DAY ALTHOUGH
LOW VFR CIGS ARE LIKELY ESPECIALLY AREAS W OF THE WORCESTER
HILLS. SHOWERS LINGER IN THIS REGION AS WELL. BY TONIGHT...SHOWERS
DISSIPATE BUT THERE MAY BE MORE WIDESPREAD FOG IN THE W AND THE
POSSIBILITY OF LOWER CIGS IN THE E. THEREFORE...COMPLEX OVERNIGHT
SCENARIO...WHERE SOME OCCASIONAL MVFR/IFR CONDITIONS ARE POSSIBLE.

SAT...
CONDITIONS IMPROVE TO VFR ALL LOCATIONS EXCEPT MAYBE AREAS E OF
THE WST-ORH-AFN...WHERE SOME MVFR CONDITIONS MAY LINGER INTO THE
DAY IN LOW CIGS. BY AFTERNOON...LIKELY TO SEE VFR ALL LOCATIONS.

KBOS TERMINAL...MODERATE CONFIDENCE. MAINLY VFR TODAY EXCEPT FOR
OCCASIONAL SHOWERS EARLY THIS MORNING. OVERNIGHT...EASTERLY FLOW
COULD YIELD A PERIOD OF LOW CLOUDS WITH MVFR/IFR CIGS POSSIBLE.
SHOULD THESE BE ESTABLISHED...ITS POSSIBLE THEY LINGER INTO THE
MORNING HOURS SAT.

KBDL TERMINAL...MODERATE CONFIDENCE. MVFR/VFR MAY BOUNCE BACK AND
FORTH THROUGH THE MORNING WITH SHOWERS. BY AFTERNOON...CONDITIONS
IMPROVE TO VFR AND MAY STAY THAT WAY THEREAFTER.

OUTLOOK...SATURDAY THROUGH TUESDAY...

HIGH CONFIDENCE FOR VFR. LOW PROBABILITY OF PATCHY FOG WITH BRIEF
LOCAL MVFR-IFR CONDITIONS EACH NIGHT.

&&

.MARINE...
FORECASTER CONFIDENCE LEVELS...

LOW...LESS THAN 30 PERCENT.
MODERATE...30 TO 60 PERCENT.
HIGH...GREATER THAN 60 PERCENT.

SHORT-TERM...THROUGH FRIDAY...MODERATE CONFIDENCE.

NE-WINDS INCREASING IN RESPONSE TO INTERIOR LOW PRESSURE SHIFTING
SE ACROSS THE WATERS WITH SOME MILD STRENGTHENING AS HIGH PRESSURE
BUILDS IN FROM THE N. SUBSEQUENT PRESSURE-GRADIENT MAY YIELD SOME
DECENT FETCH WITH GUSTS UP TO 20 KTS TO CAUSE SEAS TO RISE...BUT
WILL HOLD AT 4 FEET. FEEL BRISK WINDS WILL DIMINISH FOG POTENTIAL
YET LOW CLOUDS AND SHOWERS MAY BE AN ISSUE FOR AREAS TOWARDS THE
SW.

OUTLOOK...SATURDAY THROUGH TUESDAY...

HIGH CONFIDENCE.

EXPECT WINDS AND SEAS BELOW SMALL CRAFT CRITERIA THROUGH THE PERIOD.
THERE IS A CHANCE THAT E SWELLS COULD BUILD CLOSE TO 5 FT ON THE
OUTER WATERS THIS WEEKEND WITH LONG E FETCH...EVEN WITH WIND SPEEDS
LESS THAN 15 KT. MAY SEE PATCHY OVERNIGHT FOG REDUCING VISIBILITIES
EACH NIGHT.

&&

.BOX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
CT...NONE.
MA...NONE.
NH...NONE.
RI...NONE.
MARINE...NONE.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...SIPPRELL/EVT
NEAR TERM...DOODY/SIPPRELL
SHORT TERM...SIPPRELL
LONG TERM...EVT
AVIATION...DOODY/EVT
MARINE...SIPPRELL/EVT


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