Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Des Moines, IA

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000
FXUS63 KDMX 200254
AFDDMX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE DES MOINES IA
954 PM CDT FRI SEP 19 2014

.UPDATE...
ISSUED AT 954 PM CDT FRI SEP 19 2014

HAVE SENT OUT AN UPDATE TO REFINE POPS SOME WITH AN AREA OF
THUNDERSTORMS DEVELOPING ALONG THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY. MAIN CHANGES
WERE TO ADJUST THE LINE ORIENTATION AND INCREASE POPS FOR LATE
THIS EVENING INTO THE EARLY MORNING HOURS WITH SOME LIKELY POPS
ACROSS THE WEST CENTRAL/NORTH NOW THAT CONVECTIVE INITIATION HAS
OCCURRED.

&&

.SHORT TERM /TONIGHT/...
ISSUED AT 351 PM CDT FRI SEP 19 2014

STRONG MIXING WILL PERSIST THROUGH THE LATE AFTERNOON
HOURS BEFORE DECOUPLING BY AROUND 23Z TO 00Z TONIGHT. PRESSURE
GRADIENT SHOULD REMAIN STRONG ENOUGH TO KEEPS SUSTAINED WINDS AOA 12
KNOTS BEFORE THE WEAK COLD FRONT PUSHES ACROSS THE FORECAST AREA
LATE THIS EVENING INTO THE OVERNIGHT HOURS. VERY LIMITED MOISTURE
AND FORCING WITH THE COLD FRONT...BUT LATEST HRRR/HOPWRF BRING THE
BEST PRECIP CHANCES FROM 03Z TO 09Z SATURDAY. HAVE HIGHEST POPS
GOING DURING THIS TIME FRAME. LOW CONFIDENCE WITH THE SEVERE WEATHER
POTENTIAL BUT CANNOT COMPLETELY RULE AN ISOLATED PULSE SEVERE STORM
WITH SOME ELEVATED INSTABILITY AVAILABLE.

.LONG TERM /SATURDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/...
ISSUED AT 351 PM CDT FRI SEP 19 2014

THUNDERSTORMS TRYING TO HANG ON FOR SATURDAY AFTERNOON PRIMARILY
SOUTH AND EAST OF THE DES MOINES METRO AREA THROUGH THE IOWA
MISSOURI BORDER. COLD FROPA MAIN TRIGGER FOR ANY STORM DEVELOPMENT.
PROBLEM IS THAT THE COLD FRONT IS LOOKING FAIRLY WEAK AND NOT A LOT
OF FRONTOGENETICAL FORCING INDICATED DURING THE DAYTIME. MODELS
SHOWING BULLSEYE OF CAPE OF 2000 J/KG OVER SOUTHERN IOWA WITH AROUND
30-40KTS OF 0-6KM BULK SHEAR. MODELS ALSO SHOWING THIS AS A
. LOOKING AT SOUNDING PROFILES...ANY THUNDERSTORMS WOULD LIKELY BE
ELEVATED. THOUGH PWATS ARE +1 TO +2 STD DEV FOR EARLY
SATURDAY...SOUNDING PROFILE LOOKING VERY UNSATURATED. ALOFT...THE
RIGHT EXIT REGION OF THE JET STREAK WILL BE RIGHT BEHIND THIS
FRONT SO THIS WILL NOT SUPPORT LIFT. IN ALL...EXPECTING STORMS
SOUTH...BUT SEVERE THREAT WILL BE MINIMAL AT BEST.

MODELS COMING INTO GOOD AGREEMENT WITH SHOWING A SIZABLE RIDGE
COMING OFF THE ROCKIES THROUGH THE DAKOTAS SUNDAY INTO MONDAY. THIS
WILL KEEP THE DMX CWA IN CAA THROUGH MONDAY MORNING. STRONG
SUBSIDENCE WITH THIS RIDGE SHOULD CLEAR SKIES OUT FOR SUNDAY AND
MONDAY MORNINGS. 850MB TEMPS APPEAR TO BE IN THE +8C TO +10C RANGE
FOR THE MORNING HOURS. WHICH SHOULD BE SUPPORTIVE OF LOWS IN THE MID
40S TO LOW 50S. RIDGE TO PROPAGATE THROUGH IOWA MONDAY
AFTERNOON...PLACING THE CWA IN SOUTHERLY FLOW LATE MONDAY INTO
TUESDAY. THIS WILL ALLOW FOR SOME SLIGHT WAA FOR TUE AND WED...ALONG
WITH A RETURN OF POPS.

WEDNESDAY INTO THURSDAY...MODELS SHOWING A DECENT SLUG OF MOISTURE
TRANSPORT BEING ADVECTED INTO IOWA DURING THE MORNING BY 25-30KT
WINDS AT 850MB. GFS TRYING TO PUSH A VORT MAX THROUGH DURING THIS
TIME FRAME. GFS ALSO SHOWING DECENT MID TO UPPER LEVEL Q-VECTOR
CONVERGENCE TO HELP GENERATE LIFT. AT 1 TO 1.25 INCHES...PWAT
VALUES RETURN TO 0 TO +1 STD DEV ABOVE NORMAL. ENOUGH SUPPORT TO
KEEP SOUNDING PROFILE SATURATED ALOFT. PUTTING IT ALL
TOGETHER...WILL BUY INTO POPS FOR WED AM INTO THE PM. QUESTION IS
HOW LONG TO SUSTAIN THEM AS THE PROGRESSION OF THIS PATTERN
BECOMES MURKY FROM THURSDAY INTO THE WEEKEND.

00Z MODELS HINTED AT AN OMEGA BLOCK SETTING UP ACROSS THE CONUS.
EURO AND GFS 500MB ANALYSIS BOTH HAD PATTERN TRYING TO ORGANIZE AND
ARE PLACING IOWA ON THE WESTERN EDGE OF THE HIGH...WHICH IS WHERE
THE DEFORMATION ZONE IS TYPICALLY LOCATED. IF THIS SETUP BECOMES
MORE ORGANIZED...COULD BE A PROLONGED PERIOD OF SCATTERED PRECIP
INTO AND THROUGHOUT THE WEEKEND. THE 12Z RUNS RETROGRADED THIS
SHORTWAVE/TROUGH AND DISSOLVED IT BY THE WEEKEND...WHICH SEEMS
SUSPECT. HOPEFULLY TOMORROW/S MODEL RUNS WILL BE ABLE TO OFFER A
BETTER SOLUTION. REGARDLESS...IT APPEARS 850MB TEMPS WILL BE IN THE
+12C TO +14C RANGE WHICH WOULD SUGGEST TEMPERATURES NEAR TO
SLIGHTLY ABOVE NORMAL FOR NEXT WEEK.

&&

.AVIATION...20/00Z
ISSUED AT 630 PM CDT FRI SEP 19 2014

MAINLY VFR CONDITIONS EXPECTED...WITH SOME LOWER VFR CIGS EXPECTED
WITH A FRONTAL PASSAGE OVERNIGHT AND ASSOCIATED POSSIBILITY OF
-SHRA/-TSRA. HAVE MENTIONED VCTS FOR THE BEST CHANCES IN A 3 TO 4
HOUR PERIOD AT THE DIFFERENT TAF SITES. FRONTAL BOUNDARY WILL TAKE
ITS TIME PROGRESSING ACROSS THE CWA...AND WILL BE IN THE VICINITY
OF KOTM TOWARD THE END OF THE FORECAST PERIOD. WINDS TO SHIFT
AROUND TO THE WEST TO NORTHWEST BEHIND THE BOUNDARY AS WELL.


&&

.DMX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
NONE.
&&

$$

UPDATE...BEERENDS
SHORT TERM...PODRAZIK
LONG TERM...KOTENBERG
AVIATION...BEERENDS


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