Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Eureka, CA

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FXUS66 KEKA 232221

National Weather Service Eureka CA
321 PM PDT SUN OCT 23 2016

.SYNOPSIS...Gusty winds along the ridges starting this evening...and
continue through Monday morning. Rain will move in from the west
late tonight...and become moderate to heavy at times Monday morning.
By the evening...rain should taper off and become showery. Wet
pattern will persist through the week.


.DISCUSSION...Mostly cloudy skies on this Sunday across NW California,
with a rain band just offshore. This rain band associated with a
dying weather front is expected to remain offshore for this
evening. A dynamic upper level shortwave disturbance will push
east tonight, and this will nudge the weakening weather front
eastward towards the North Coast. This upper level disturbance
will allow a new weather front to develop, and merge with the old
dying weather front. The new weather front will bring in strong
southwesterly onshore flow into the area. Do expect the rain to
start early Monday morning, and become moderate to heavy at times
during the morning. The heaviest rainfall will be along the
southwesterly facing slopes. The weather front will push east
across the area through Monday, and should clear the area by
Monday night. Do expect around one inch of rainfall for this
weather front.

Besides moderate rainfall, also expect gusty southerly winds to
develop, mainly along the ridge top locations. Gusts of 40 to 50 mph
are expected. Most of these gusts will occur in higher elevation,
thus do not have wind advisory in effect. Do expect the gusty winds
to diminish Monday morning as the front pushes east.

Tuesday will be showery before the next system moves into the area.
On Tuesday night, a warm front will push through the area and bring
another round of precipitation through Wednesday. After that, models
start to diverge. However, looks like the pattern still favors a
general southwesterly flow into NW California as an upper level
trough sits over the East Pacific Ocean. This will still be a wet
pattern for us for the rest of the week.

An interesting fact is that there is a block set up over East
Pacific, and then another elongated block stretching from Europe
into Central Asia. Thus, do expect patterns to change slowly, if at
all. Models usually have a tough time handling blocking situation,
and they tend to move systems along too quickly in a blocked flow
pattern. Thus, fairly confident that the wet pattern will last for
most of the week. Confidence is lowered in the details of individual
systems. Utilize ECMWF/GFS in refreshing the forecast package today.


.AVIATION...VFR conditions will continue to prevail at all terminals
through tonight. An approaching front has been spreading high and
mid layer clouds over the area through today. Ceilings should fall
Monday morning to MVFR as light to moderate rain develops with the
passage of the front. Gusty southerly and southeasterly winds will
will increase through the night and peak near daybreak Monday just
before frontal passage. A few gusts to 35-40kt will be possible at
the coastal terminals. There will be a chance for low level wind
shear as well with the passage of the front. For now this has been
left out from the forecast due to the uncertainty with the timing.


.MARINE...A vigorous front will approach tonight and then move
across the waters early Monday. Gale warnings have been hoisted for
all of Northwestern California coastal waters from Pt St George to
Pt Arena. The strongest winds will be around the Cape where gusts to
50 kt will be possible. The boundary layer wind fields from both the
GFS and NAM12 continue to indicate a window of storm force gusts
around 50 kt late tonight into early Monday morning in the northern
outer waters. For now have maintained the Gale Warning due to the
short duration of storm force winds. The strong southerly winds will
produce very steep short period S-SW waves near or above 10 FEET by
monday morning.

A powerful low pressure system will generate a large westerly swell
that will spread into the waters Monday night. The periods with the
swell will be short and seas will remain hazardous through Tue.

Another potent storm will rapidly develop offshore on Tue and
southerly or southeasterly will increase with GALES expected Tue
Night or Wed morning in our waters. The models continue to indicate
broad low pressure lingering offshore through the remainder of the
week and winds will likely favor a southerly or easterly direction.
There is considerable uncertainty regarding the strength of the
winds after Wed. /DB


.EKA Watches/Warnings/Advisories...
NORTHWEST CALIFORNIA COASTAL WATERS...Gale Warning from 1 AM to 11 AM PDT Monday for PZZ450-455.

     Gale Warning until 11 AM PDT Monday for PZZ470-475.



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