Public Information Statement
Issued by NWS National HQ
NOUS41 KWBC 211454
Public Information Notice
National Weather Service Headquarters Washington DC
955 AM EDT Thu May 21 2015
-Family of Services
-NOAA Weather Wire Service
-Emergency Managers Weather Information Network
-Other NWS Partners and NWS Employees
From: Eli Jacks
Acting Chief, Forecast Services Division
Subject: "Don`t Fry Day" May 22, 2015: Excessive Heat and Sun
Safety Guidance for 2015 Season
May 22, 2015, has been declared national "Don`t Fry Day" by NWS
and the National Council on Skin Cancer Prevention (NCSCP). NWS
is taking part again this year with the Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA), the Occupational Safety and Health Administration
(OSHA), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and
the NCSCP to promote sun-safe behaviors.
As we approach the 20th anniversary of the deadly July 1995 heat
wave, during which nearly 750 people died, we are tragically
reminded that heat is a silent killer. It is one of the leading
weather-related killers in this country, resulting in hundreds of
deaths each year. Heat-related death and illness are preventable.
Yet heat claims more lives most years than floods, lightning and
Skin cancer, which can develop from overexposure to UV radiation,
is the most common form of cancer in the United States. Nearly
5 million people are treated for skin cancer each year in the
United States, at an estimated annual cost of $8.1 billion. Skin
cancer can be serious, expensive, and sometimes even deadly.
Fortunately, most skin cancers can be prevented. The first steps
are to know how to access the current heat and UV radiation
(UV Index) forecasts, and to know how to use them. Below are some
essential heat and UV resources.
NWS provides heat-related Watch, Warning, and Advisory products
to warn the public about excessive heat events on its homepage:
This year NWS is conducting a national seasonal safety campaign
designed to prepare the public for seasonal weather hazards.
Seasonal campaigns (winter, spring, summer, fall) will focus on
the major weather hazards experienced around the country during
each season. This seasonal approach allows NWS to focus outreach
efforts on major weather hazards as they occur and to prepare the
public for future extreme weather events.
Excessive heat safety toolkits, at the site listed below, are
included in the spring and summer campaigns. These materials
provide useful information on the dangers of extreme heat
exposure and tips for staying safe in the summer heat and sun.
Please use the following resources throughout this summer to help
us build a Weather-Ready Nation.
NWS is working to build a Weather-Ready Nation to improve the
nation`s readiness, responsiveness, and overall resilience
against extreme weather, water, and climate events - including
extreme heat. The NWS Heat Safety web page provides information
to enhance community resilience in the face of current and
projected increases in extreme heat events.
New NWS National Seasonal Safety Campaign Outreach Toolkits
(Summer Campaign toolkit available June 1) are available at:
NWS provides an experimental national forecast map showing
elevated and alert UV levels for mid-day:
EPA`s website offers hourly UV Index updates and sun safety tips:
At the EPA`s Sunwise website, you can access your local UV Index
by ZIP code and signup to receive automated UV Alerts via email.
You also can download the UV Index as a smart phone app that
showcases winning posters from the Sunwise with Shade poster
Communities can access the EPA`s Excessive Heat Events Guidebook
developed in collaboration with the NWS, CDC and the Department
of Homeland Security. The guide offers heat mitigation plans.
OSHA conducts an annual nationwide campaign to educate workers
and employers about hazards of working in the heat and how to
prevent heat-related illnesses, starting with the Campaign`s
life-saving, simple "Water.Rest.Shade." message.
OSHA`s heat-related publications, including fact sheets, training
guides, community posters, quick cards and social media toolkit
are available in English and Spanish. OSHA`s popular "Heat Safety
Tool" smartphone application is available in English and Spanish
for Android and was recently updated for iOS devices. The app
calculates the heat index using NWS information based on current
location and provides a risk level and precautions to take for
working outdoors.For the latest information on the 2015 campaign:
NWS is working with OSHA to protect outdoor workers and educate
employers during excessive heat and other weather-related events
and emergencies. NWS will continue including specific outdoor
worker safety precautions in its Heat Advisories and Excessive
CDC leads the effort to reduce illness and death caused by skin
cancer through education, surveillance and research efforts. Skin
cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States.
The majority of skin cancers cases can be traced to UV radiation.
You can reduce skin cancer risk by staying in the shade, wearing
protective clothing, using sunscreen with broad spectrum (UVA and
UVB rays) protection and Sun Protection Factor (SPF) 15 or
higher, and by avoiding tanning beds. Information on skin cancer
statistics, prevention, and CDC`s skin cancer initiatives is
CDC collaborates with public health authorities to communicate
the risks of extreme heat and to provide guidelines to assist
state and local health departments in their development of city-
specific comprehensive heat emergency response plans. By knowing
who is at risk and what prevention measures to take, heat-related
illness can be prevented. CDC provides easily accessible
resources for members of the public, local health departments and
other organizations, assisting ongoing outreach efforts to those
most vulnerable to extreme heat events.
NCSCP represents the nation`s premier skin cancer organizations,
researchers, clinicians, and advocates for the prevention of
melanoma and skin cancer. These 40 national organizations include
the American Academy of Dermatology, the American Cancer Society,
the Melanoma Research Foundation, and the Skin Cancer Foundation
as well as federal agency partners and many other foundations and
associations devoted to skin cancer prevention. Specific tips on
preventing skin cancer as well as more than 35 "Don`t Fry Day"
resources, including media guides, posters, graphics, and an
Action Kit for Meteorologists are available at the National
The partners offer the following heat wave and UV safety tips to
1. Slow down. Reduce, eliminated or reschedule strenuous work or
recreational activities until the coolest time of the day.
2. Get acclimated. Gradually increase outdoor work and
recreational activities so your body adjusts to hot conditions.
3. Dress in lightweight clothing, and wear UV-blocking sunglasses
and a hat with at least a 2 to 3-inch brim all around.
4. Drink plenty of water or other non-alcoholic fluids. Avoid
drinking alcoholic beverages.
5. Do not take salt tablets unless directed by a physician.
6. Take frequent breaks during work or play. When it`s really
hot, spend more time in air-conditioned places or seek shade
outside, especially during midday hours.
7. Check the UV Index when planning outdoor activities to prevent
overexposure to the sun. Avoid sunburns and intentional tanning.
8. Generously apply sunscreen of SPF 15 or higher with broad
spectrum (both UVA and UVB rays) protection.
9. Seek shade whenever you can.
10. Know what the signs and symptoms or heat illness are. Check
on workers, particularly those wearing protective suits.
Elderly persons, small children, chronic invalids, those on
certain medications or drugs, outdoor workers, persons with
weight and alcohol problems and caretakers for these people
should pay close attention to the above tips, particularly during
heat waves in areas where excessive heat is rare.
For more information, please contact:
Jannie G. Ferrell
National Public Information Notices are online at: