Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Grand Rapids, MI

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091
FXUS63 KGRR 281118
AFDGRR

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Grand Rapids MI
718 AM EDT THU JUL 28 2016

LATEST UPDATE...
Aviation

.SYNOPSIS...
Issued at 324 AM EDT Thu Jul 28 2016

A large Canadian high pressure system, currently centered near
Lake Winnipeg, will slowly move south and east into Sunday.
Normally this would result in mostly clear skies and cooler
temperates for Southwest Michigan. However in this case the
cool air is to shallow and so we will see periods of showers and
thunderstorms into Saturday night. By Saturday most of the rain
will be near and south of I-96. Highs will remain in the 80s and
lows mostly in the 60s.

&&

.SHORT TERM...(Today through Saturday)
Issued at 324 AM EDT Thu Jul 28 2016

The main issue with this forecast is figuring out when, where and
if we will see showers and thunderstorms. There is a large
Canadian high pressure system, which at 3 am was centered near
Lake Winnipeg. The polar jet`s southern branch dives south from
Idaho into Nebraska, then head east toward Indiana before it turns
back to toward Lake Erie this morning. Over time Canadian high
sinks south and east and is over Michigan by Saturday morning.
This would normally clear our skies but in this case we have a
series of shortwaves on the southern branch of the jet that will
result in a trough over the western Great Lakes. That will allow
some over-running of the shallow cold air of the Canadian high.
The result of all this is the band of showers/thunderstorms will
slowly sink south over the next 2 days. This means that Saturday
may not be as dry as we had through it would be.

Another aspect to this is with northeast winds as the high builds
in today, we could end up with lake breeze convergence along the
coast and that would mean evening thunderstorms (not severe).

High and low temperatures should be a touch cooler Friday and
Saturday due to more clouds and cooler air overhead. I would
think we should still be able to get into the lower 80s each day
even so.

My bottom line to all this is variable cloudiness with scattered
showers and thunderstorms into Saturday.

.LONG TERM...(Saturday night through Wednesday)
Issued at 324 AM EDT Thu Jul 28 2016

The models have been showing the late week evolution of the upper
pattern from a zonal flow to a broad trough across the Great Lakes
for a few days. They have also been showing a dominant sfc high over
Quebec ridging westward across Michigan as well. It doesn`t look
like much pcpn will be generated under this setup, in part because
most of the weak short waves are progd to have already moved east of
the cwa by Saturday night. Instead, we`re more likely to see
afternoon cu and dry wx from Sunday through Tuesday. It`s at that
point that the Quebec high moves east and a warm front moves
northeast toward Lower Michigan. We should see an increase in
coverage of pcpn Tuesday into Wednesday as the warm front moves
through and south flow draws higher moisture northward and
precipitable water content increases to around 2 inches.

Highs will remain above normal...mainly in the mid to upper 80s
through the period.

&&

.AVIATION...(For the 12Z TAFS through 12Z Friday morning)
Issued at 718 AM EDT Thu Jul 28 2016

There is an area of LIFR fog/ceilings just to the north and east
of Lansing at 7 am this morning. There is a least a chance we
could see a short period of IFR at as that area moves in from the
north but it should quickly move out even if it does. Once the low
celling/fog are gone expect VFR conditions through tonight. Due
to a slow moving cold front, there is a good chance of scattered
thunderstorms from late morning into early this evening. For MKG
and GRR the chance is even higher as lake breeze convergence may
enhance the lift this afternoon. Since storms are not currently
imminent, I put VCTS at all of the TAF sites.

&&

.MARINE...
Issued at 324 AM EDT Thu Jul 28 2016

Little in the way of marine issues seen at this time. The large
Canadian high pressure system will cause mostly northeast winds
into Saturday. The wind and waves will remain below small craft
criteria through the weekend.


&&

.HYDROLOGY...
Issued at 330 PM EDT Wed Jul 27 2016

Thunderstorms in Central Michigan this afternoon have produced
locally heavy rainfall, including radar estimated amounts over 2
inches in a portion of Clare County. Other than ponding of water on
roadways, flooding is not anticipated. The storms Wednesday
afternoon will mainly affect Central Michigan, then the most likely
region for rainfall on Thursday will be in Southwest Michigan.
Rainfall amounts Thursday will likely not be substantial enough for
flooding.

&&

.GRR Watches/Warnings/Advisories...
MI...None.
LM...None.
&&

$$

SYNOPSIS...WDM
SHORT TERM...WDM
LONG TERM...99
AVIATION...WDM
HYDROLOGY...CAS
MARINE...WDM



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