Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Anchorage, AK

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FXAK68 PAFC 040123

Southcentral and Southwest Alaska Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Anchorage AK
423 PM AKST Sat Dec 3 2016


Radar imagery this afternoon shows a well defined low pressure
circulation that is centered to the west of Middleton Island and
slowly spinning southward. An upper level low located just east
of the Kenai Peninsula continues to dive eastward into the Gulf of
Alaska. Meanwhile an impressive upper level ridge continues to
slide eastward from the Bering into the Alaska mainland. The
pressure gradient between the high pressure and low is supporting
strong gusty winds across the Alaska Peninsula and offshore across
the northern Gulf of Alaska. Widespread cloud cover this morning,
and gusty winds resulted in moderate temperatures this morning.
However, in wind-sheltered areas of the Southwest mainland,
temperatures plummeted last night well below zero. These are some
of the coldest temperatures of the season, and cold air will
continue to pour into Southcentral as strong cold air advection
continues through local gaps.



Models are in great synoptic agreement in the short term as the
upper level ridge over the eastern Bering slides into the
Southwest Mainland, and a steep trough follows quickly behind it.
To best capture local gap wind accelerations, the high resolution
WRF ARW was used.



The remnant trough across the northern Gulf has spun up into a
more organized surface low centered southwest of Middleton
Island. Moisture associated with this low extending over the
northern Gulf coast and into the eastern portions of Prince
William Sound will gradually taper off and pull offshore tonight
as the low sinks south. Strong west to northwest winds will
persist over Kodiak Island, Shelikof Strait and the Barren
Islands...especially to the lee of gaps in the Aleutian Range as a
final shortwave trough rotates through this evening as the
broader, very cold upper level trough progress east. Strong
northerly and westerly outflow winds will also continue through
Resurrection Bay and Passage Canal tonight and then gradually
diminish Sunday and more rapidly Sunday night as the surface and
upper level low drop to the southeast and exit the Gulf.

The very strong north to northeasterly outflow winds will persist
longer through Thompson Pass and Valdez area. The pressure
gradient initially more supported by the surface low in the Gulf
pulling the offshore flow will be reinforced by the cold air pool
and subsequent high pressure building in the Copper River Basin
as the cold air deepens. Very cold temperatures throughout
Southcentral Alaska continue to be a concern through the weekend
with frigid wind chills up near the Alaska ranges where breezy
north winds persist through the passes. An upper level ridge
building in from the west will begin spreading warmer air aloft
and possibly some moisture back into the southwestern Gulf Sunday
night and Monday.



Cold and dry conditions will persist through the weekend beneath
mostly clear skies as a high amplitude ridge builds over the
southwest mainland from the west. A tight pressure gradient will
continue to produce gusty winds along the Aleutian and Alaska
Ranges through tonight before diminishing a bit Sunday as the
strong Gulf low departs to the southeast. Dry northerly flow will
begin to give way to easterly winds and increasing mid and high
level clouds along the coast on Sunday as a Bering front makes
slow eastward progress towards the mainland. A triple-point low
forming along the front over the southeast Bering will push some
overrunning snow across the Bristol Bay region, with heaviest snow
accumulations likely toward the best isentropic lift from
Dillingham north along the eastern slopes of the Wood River
Mountains Monday into Monday night.


Northerly storm-force outflow winds with hurricane-force gusts
continue into tonight before gradually diminishing through Sunday.
Otherwise, the strong gale-force front currently moving through
the central Bering is the primary feature of interest through the
weekend as it makes slow eastward progress across the
Bering/Aleutians. Precipitation may begin as a rain/snow mix with
the arrival of the front, but should then quickly transition to
all rain as warm North Pacific air streams northward. A triple-
point low develops near the Eastern Aleutians Sunday night and
moves to between the Pribilofs and the Alaska Peninsula Monday.
This will help to focus stronger cold advection along the backside
of this low over the southeastern Bering Monday, with gale-force
northwesterly winds possible.


.LONG TERM FORECAST (Days 3 through 7)...
The upper levels are depicting an amplified ridge building over
the Seward Peninsula extending northward into the Beaufort Sea,
and extending southward through the central Bering/Aleutians by
Tuesday. While the Lower Kuskokwim Valley through the Copper River
Basin has a trough swinging through from the north. Therefore,
look for a snow showery regime accompanied by cooler temperatures
filtering into the Southwest Alaska region, and the northern
Alaska Range. This ridge of high pressure further amplifies, and
builds westward through the northern Bering into the Beaufort Sea.
This results in high pressure dominating the Southwest/Southcentral
region through Thursday. The temperatures will below average
through the midweek for the aforementioned regions. Meanwhile, the
Gulf has weak low pressure system entering the eastern Gulf by
Tuesday bringing a showery regime from Kodiak Island northward
into the northern coastal communities before the systems dissipating
by Thursday. By Wednesday there is uncertainty with the possibility
of an upper level shortwave moving through the Tanana Valley
region southward into the Anchorage Bowl as we head into Thursday
time-frame. Meanwhile, a storm force low tracks along the Kamchatka
Peninsula with an associated weather front moving through the
Western Aleutians. This system tracks northward as the weather
front moves into the central Bering/Aleutians, but falls apart as
it runs into the high pressure ridge over the Bering. This
synoptic feature brings southerly gale force winds with warmer
temperatures before being modified with cooler westerly winds on
the backside of this low pressure system.


PUBLIC...High wind warning 131. Wind chill advisory 141 145.
MARINE...Storm warning 130 132 138.  Gales 127 128 131 170 172
173 174 175 176 179 181 185 351 352 412 413 414.  Heavy freezing
Spray warning 126 127 130 131 136 137 138 139 140 141 160 181.



LONG TERM...PD is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.