Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Austin/San Antonio, TX

Home | Current Version | Previous Version | Text Only | Print | Product List | Glossary On
Versions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50
000
FXUS64 KEWX 312028
AFDEWX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Austin/San Antonio TX
328 PM CDT TUE MAY 31 2016

.SHORT TERM (Tonight through Wednesday Night)...
The first of many heavy rain episodes and storm complexes is
currently passing through the CWA. The evolution of this system,
which is a combination of high instability, high PWAT, mesocale
boundary interactions, and upper level shortwave disturbances will
be indicative of the next few days.

Hi-resolution models have been essentially guessing at how to
handle convective initiation and coverage over the last several
days...and with the exception of a decent HRRR handling of today`s
activity, have not improved. Thus, basically the forecast has
heavily favored the synoptic models in conjunction with
collaboration with neighbors and regional offices.

Looking west of the current convection...IR satellite is showing
convection enhancing across New Mexico and south of the Big Bend
region. Believe this area will be round number 2 of heavy rain
potential overnight tonight. While this round will not have the
benefit of the higher instability from this afternoon, and a
somewhat worked over atmosphere, would expect this activity out
west to evolve into a mature MCS and move east into at least the
western half of the CWA late tonight into tomorrow morning.

There may be a lull in activity between the Wednesday morning
activity but it will likely only be brief as the atmosphere
destabilizes again into the afternoon and yet another shortwave
swings northeast across...again...the Big Bend and Edwards
Plateau.

It is extremely difficult to hone in on specific amounts
in any particular region, but given the antecedent conditions that
have been well advertised, the flash flooding risk will be
significant between now and Wednesday night.

&&

.LONG TERM (Thursday through Tuesday)...
The heavy rain and flooding threats continue Thursday as the main
upper low responsible for all of these shortwave disturbances
enters the state. By Thursday morning, focused upper level lift
associated with the right entrance region of the upper low will be
positioned from Del Rio to Waco. This, coupled with the same
moisture and instability considersations to today and Wednesday
will likely be our most significant heavy rainfall threat.

At the surface, the EURO and GFS both indicate the development of
a surface low over West Texas and pushes southeast along the Rio
Grande River. This will...yet again...provide a surface based
focus to additional heavy rain development Thursday afternoon and
as the main upper low begins to slow in its movement and becomes
more stagnant, could potentially result in training heavy rainfall
as well. This round could persist through Friday morning before
the heavy rain potential begins to finally wane Friday
evening...if the upper low does indeed move east as progged.

As a result...QPF values have further increased, now expected the
potential for 4-7 inches between now and Friday morning but with
the potential for some areas to reach as high as 15 inches before
this event is over with. If this estimate comes to fruition, flash
flooding impacts will be severe. And with so much uncertainty in
the positioning of certain variables, it is not possible to
highlight any one particular area for this threat. So all persons
in South Central Texas should prepare for the prospect of flash
flooding, perhaps extreme flash flooding, and make plans to be
potentially impacted.

&&

.PRELIMINARY POINT TEMPS/POPS...
Austin Camp Mabry              70  82  69  80  66 /  70  80  80  70  60
Austin Bergstrom Intl Airport  70  82  68  80  66 /  70  80  80  70  70
New Braunfels Muni Airport     70  82  68  80  66 /  70  70  80  70  70
Burnet Muni Airport            67  79  66  78  64 /  70  80  80  70  60
Del Rio Intl Airport           71  86  69  84  66 /  70  80  80  60  40
Georgetown Muni Airport        69  80  67  79  64 /  70  80  80  70  60
Hondo Muni Airport             70  84  68  82  65 /  70  70  80  70  60
San Marcos Muni Airport        70  82  68  79  65 /  70  80  80  70  70
La Grange - Fayette Regional   71  82  70  80  68 /  60  70  80  80  70
San Antonio Intl Airport       71  82  69  81  67 /  70  70  80  70  60
Stinson Muni Airport           72  83  70  82  68 /  70  70  80  70  60

&&

.EWX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
Flash Flood Watch through Thursday morning for the following
counties: Atascosa...Bandera...Bastrop...Bexar...Blanco...Burnet...
Caldwell...Comal...De Witt...Dimmit...Edwards...Fayette...Frio...
Gillespie...Gonzales...Guadalupe...Hays...Karnes...Kendall...Kerr...
Kinney...Lavaca...Lee...Llano...Maverick...Medina...Real...Travis...
Uvalde...Val Verde...Williamson...Wilson...Zavala.

&&

$$

Mesoscale/Aviation...24
Synoptic/Grids...TB3
Public Service/Data Collection...33


USA.gov is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.