Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Greer, SC

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FXUS62 KGSP 211453
AFDGSP

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Greenville-Spartanburg SC
953 AM EST Sun Jan 21 2018

.SYNOPSIS...
High pressure will move offshore today bringing warm southerly flow
to the region. A wet cold front will cross the region late Monday
into early Tuesday. In the front`s wake, dry high pressure will
overspread the region and persist through the work week.

&&

.NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...
As of 9:45am EST Sunday: Satellite shows the few areas of fog
dissipating and skies mostly clear.  Broad ridging over the area
should lead to seasonally warm highs 10+ degrees above normal this
afternoon, with some change on Monday as front approaches from the
west.

There will some increasing cloudiness over the higher terrain as
moist h85 flow is lifted in weak topo forcing. No precip will occur
with this moisture thru the period. At the sfc...high pressure will
broaden over the region and make for weak sfc flow and dry conds.
Soundings show PWAT values remaining steady arnd 0.6 inches thru
tonight and nondescript flow thru a deep layer. There will be Ci
passing throughout the day and some lower clouds by this evening and
overnight. With good insol...expect max temps to reach a few cats or
arnd 10 degrees abv normal this afternoon. Overnight...steep sfc-
based inversions will set up as the llvl flow decouples and goes
calm most locales. This could allow for shallow ground fg arnd
daybreak as crossover temps are reached. Mins will be a little
warmer with some increase in td/s this afternoon...likely remaining
arnd 8 degrees abv normal.

&&

.SHORT TERM /MONDAY THROUGH TUESDAY NIGHT/...
As of 230 AM EST Sunday: A deep closed upper low will be working its
way across the Plains as we move into the short term, with a
strongly occluded surface front sweeping toward the MS Valley. New
guidance has slowed down onset of precip just a tad, weakening the
isentropic upglide ahead of the system before upslope takes over
Monday across the SW mountains. The front itself will be fast-
moving, with a quick shot of QPF pushing through mainly overnight
Monday night, but even so storm totals are less than 1" even in the
favored upslope areas. Deep-layer shear with the storm is very
impressive, with very strong upper jet approaching 150kt and an area
of channeled vorticity wrapping around the upper low, leading to
widespread values of over 90kt 0-6km shear. However, instability
leaves something to be strongly desired, with SBCAPEs struggling to
get over 100J/kg with the nocturnal frontal passage. Have continued
mention of mainly slight chance thunder just due to the strongly
dynamic system as the LLJ and lapse rates increase.

With the very strong winds aloft, momentum transfer down to the
mountaintops will be a concern, especially as lee troughing should
hold in place during the day on Tuesday which will serve to keep the
mountain pressure gradient stronger. Current forecast winds/gusts
are generally below advisory criteria, but the trend is up, so in
coordination with RNK, will highlight the northern mountains for
winds in the HWO.

The system lifts out pretty rapidly Tuesday, and dryslotting moving
in just after daybreak will serve to limit any concerns with
snowfall, though temperatures will drop in the CAA across the
mountains to near freezing Tuesday morning. Have kept mention of
light snow across the higher elevations of the mountains, but with
moisture decreasing, only minor accumulations expected at this time.
For Tuesday night, really only the GFS shows some brief NW flow snow
showers as temperatures drop into the 20s by the end of the period.

&&

.LONG TERM /WEDNESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/...
As of 245 AM EST Sunday: Pretty quiet for most of the extended in
the wake of the short term front. Cool high pressure centered to the
west will slowly slide east and will dominate the area; despite
nearly full sun, temperatures should be near seasonal for most of
the period. A sharp shortwave passes to our north Wednesday night,
and the surface high crosses the Appalachians behind this wave while
ridging aloft builds in toward Friday. Increasing amplitude of the
wavetrain expected at the end of the week as a strong trough digs
into the Rockies and a shortwave lifts into the Plains. The surface
high moves offshore bringing a moist SE fetch to the area, and lift
ahead of the deep trough will allow precipitation to lift north up
the MS Valley under the diffluent flow aloft. Pops increase
significantly Friday night as isentropic upglide increases, and the
forecast does (for now) have some overlap of cooler surface temps
and the incoming moisture to allow for some brief rain/snow mix
Saturday morning. QPF increases more significantly during the day on
Saturday and into Saturday night and should continue beyond the end
of the period.

&&

.AVIATION /15Z SUNDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/...
At KCLT and Elsewhere: Deeply dry conds will prevail across all TAF
sites thru the period. There is a chance of some patchy and shallow
MVFR ground fog this morning mainly across the ern Upstate...fthills
and mtn valleys. Winds will remain weak and generally s/ly to sw/ly
this afternoon as a sfc high broadens over the region. Steep
sfc-based inversions setup tonight and llvl moisture will be a
little better...however the latest guidance is indicating a low
chance for a VSBY issue at CLT. So...will keep the MVFR mention
across the wrn terminals arnd daybreak tomorrow.

Outlook: Potential for MVFR/IFR conds Monday evening into Tuesday
with an approaching cold front. Dry high pressure will dominate thru
the remainder of the week.

Confidence Table...

            15-21Z        21-03Z        03-09Z        09-12Z
KCLT       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High 100%
KGSP       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High  94%
KAVL       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High  89%
KHKY       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High  89%
KGMU       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High  94%
KAND       High 100%     High 100%     High 100%     High  94%

The percentage reflects the number of guidance members agreeing
with the scheduled TAF issuance flight rule category. Complete hourly
experimental aviation forecast consistency tables and ensemble forecasts
are available at the following link:

www.weather.gov/gsp/aviation

&&

.GSP WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
GA...None.
NC...None.
SC...None.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...RWH
NEAR TERM...SBK/WJM
SHORT TERM...TDP
LONG TERM...TDP
AVIATION...SBK


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