Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Central Illinois

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FXUS63 KILX 261759

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Lincoln IL
1259 PM CDT TUE APR 26 2016

.SHORT TERM...(Today)
ISSUED AT 335 AM CDT Tue Apr 26 2016

Weak cold currently stretching from northwest Indiana southwest
through our far northern counties into northeast Missouri will slide
south across the forecast area today. Convection has had a hard time
developing along the boundary overnight due to weak convergence and
stronger lift further north with the surface low. Short term models
suggest other than some isolated showers along the southward moving
boundary, the better threat for showers and thunderstorms will be
associated with shortwave energy now pushing through central Kansas.
Convection has already started just ahead of that feature well to
our west with the stronger convection progged to shift east and
affect our southeast counties this afternoon.

Looks like a fairly sharp cutoff to the precip along and north of
Interstate 74 where the lower POPs will be today, while areas south
of I-72 will have the higher rain threat this afternoon. Surface
based capes of around 2500 J/Kg were noted south of I-72 this
afternoon, although 0-6km shear values were not much higher than 25
kts during this same time period. Hail and gusty winds will be
possible over southeast Illinois with this cluster of storms this
afternoon. With the frontal boundary shifting into southeast
Illinois later today, will have a rather large temperature gradient
this afternoon with forecast highs ranging from around 70 over our
far northern counties, to the lower 80s over extreme southeast

.LONG TERM...(Tonight through Monday)
ISSUED AT 335 AM CDT Tue Apr 26 2016

Forecast really is not changing much in this round, with the
exception of maybe building a bit of a break into the evening hours
without precip.  However, the deep low spinning out over the Plains
and developing storm system will slowly spread rain/thunder into the
region after midnight especially...along a developing warm frontal
feature.  The surface low remains out to the west for Wednesday and
is slow to progress with the deep low over eastern Canada/NE CONUS.
Much of Central Illinois remains in the warm sector with a potential
for some persistent and good rain Wed-Wed night along...up to an
inch or so. Low slow to move out Thursday  as the rain comes to an
end briefly with a break before the next wave ejects out of the SW
across the Midwest for the weekend.

Rain chances return for Friday night through the weekend with a
similar setup happening again.  Some variability in the
tracks/strength of the sfc system.  The ECMWF is initially more well
developed with a classic low...but both the European and the GFS get
a messier look by the end of the weekend, with the system shearing
out over the Ohio River Valley and slowing any progression.  Either
way, next weekend looks wetter than not.


.AVIATION...(For the 18Z TAFS through 18Z Wednesday afternoon)
Issued at 1259 PM CDT Tue Apr 26 2016

Major adjustments to earlier forecasts with large MCS over
central/ne MO, southeast IA and west central IL tracking ESE
across central IL during this afternoon. This MCS is tracking further
northward and quicker than earlier forecasted by high res models.
Thunderstorms with MVFR conditions will be possible during mid and
late afternoon and exiting ESE of DEC and CMI by 00Z/7 pm. SPC
keeps the threat of severe storms sw of SPI this afternoon as a
strong to severe bowing line heading east toward St Louis metro
and to affect areas south of SPI and DEC during mid and late
afternoon. Low stratus deck of cloud from 500-1500 ft over
northern IL north of I-80 could be advected southward into central
IL overnight into Wed morning on increasing ne winds behind a cold
front that is currently near I-72. Cold front projected to track
into southeast IL late this afternoon and early evening. Currently
have fairly light and variably winds over central IL and these
winds to become NE and increase to 10-16 kts and gusts of 18-23
kts later tonight into Wed morning as winds veer east. Another
area of showers and thunderstorms to spread ne into central IL
later tonight and especially Wed morning with MVFR conditions
prevailing and possibly even IFR.


.ILX Watches/Warnings/Advisories...



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