Public Information Statement
Issued by NWS Wichita, KS

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NOUS43 KICT 221100

Public Information Statement
National Weather Service Wichita KS
600 AM CDT Mon May 22 2017


In 2011, the catastrophic Joplin Tornado roared into
history.  The EF5 tornado killed 158, the seventh
deadliest in United States history and the deadliest
since the Southern Plains Tri-State Tornado of April 9th,
1947 that killed 181.  The tornado`s track was 22 miles
long, reached 1 mile wide and lasted 38 minutes.  The
worst destruction was to Saint John`s Medical Center,
where 6 were killed, and to Joplin High School.  Many
houses were leveled or swept from their foundations.
Damage estimates were around $2.8 billion.  An estimated
1,000 were injured.  In 2004, the widest tornado to that
date hit Hallam Nebraska, 25 miles southwest of Lincoln.
The giant F4 reached an incredible 2.5 miles wide along a
path that was 54 miles long and lasted 1 hour and 20
minutes! Two schools were hit, buses were tossed, homes
were leveled, and a freight train was thrown.
Surprisingly there was only one fatality but 37 were
injured.  It was the widest tornado on record until May
31st, 2013, when it was edged out by the 2.6 mile wide El
Reno Oklahoma Tornado.


In 1987, tragedy struck Saragosa Texas when a violent F4
tornado struck the small, far West Texas town.Of the
183 residents, 30 were killed and 121 were injured.  The
tornado`s track was only 3 miles long but was nearly two
thirds of a mile wide.Of the 30 fatalities, 22 occurred
at a graduation ceremony for "Head Start" children.
Damage totaled $1.3 million.  Saragosa is located about
120 miles southwest of Midland.  In 1960, the most
powerful earthquake in history erupted approximately 100
miles off the coast of Chile directly west of Valdivia.
The ultra mega earthquake registered a moment magnitude
of 9.5 but was preceded by very powerful earthquakes on
the 21st that had moment magnitudes reaching as high as
7.9 that devastated Concepcion.  The earthquake ruptured
a 560 to 620 mile segment of the Nasca Plate which had
subducted the South American Plate.  The catastrophic
quake triggered tsunamis that traveled across the Pacific
to as far away as Japan, the Philippines and Australia.
The highest tsunami reached 82 feet that slammed into
that part of the coast bounded by the ports of Lebu and
Puerto Aisen.  A 35-foot tsunami slammed into Hilo
Hawaii, 6,200 miles distant, some 15 hours later where 61
were killed.  The tsunami arrived in the middle of the
night.It was the first tsunami for which warnings had
been issued.  Anywhere from 1,850 to 2,000 people were
killed of which 1,655 were in Chile.

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