Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Spokane, WA

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000
FXUS66 KOTX 271221
AFDOTX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Spokane WA
421 AM PST SAT DEC 27 2014

.SYNOPSIS...
A vigorous low pressure system will produce widespread
accumulating snow today and tonight. The heaviest snow amounts
will likely occur over the Idaho Panhandle where amounts of 6 to
10 inches will be a good bet. Bitterly cold northeast winds will
develop by Monday morning. Temperatures will be well below average
most of next week as arctic high pressure settles over the Inland
Northwest.


&&

...HEAVY SNOW THIS AFTERNOON INTO SUNDAY MORNING FOR THE IDAHO
PANHANDLE AND PORTIONS OF EASTERN WASHINGTON FOLLOWED BY ARRIVAL
OF MUCH COLDER WEATHER MONDAY...

Today and Tonight: The majority of the heavy snow expected this
weekend will fall this afternoon into the early morning hours
Sunday. A compact low pressure system currently moving onto the
central British Columbia coast will track into northeastern
Washington this evening. The combination of warm/moist advection
and positive vorticity advection ahead of the low will produce the
heavy precipitation shield this afternoon and evening. As the low
migrates into western Montana after midnight, west/northwest
upslope flow into the central and southern Idaho Panhandle will
produce additional heavy snow showers for places like Lookout
Pass, Mullan, Clarkia, Winchester, and the northern Blues.

* Snow Amounts: Through early Sunday morning, look for 3 to 6
  inches of accumulation for Spokane, Pullman, Deer Park and
  Metaline Falls. Orographic enhancement should yield higher snow
  amounts for Sandpoint, Coeur D`Alene, Plummer, and St Maries
  with 5 to 8 inches...and similar amounts are probable for the
  Camas Praire above 3000 feet. Post-frontal convective snow
  showers will likely persist over Shoshone county into Sunday
  morning contributing to the potential for 6 to 12 inches in
  Wallace, Mullan, and Deary.

* Highlights: Snow amounts for the northern and central Idaho
  Panhandle look to be solidly withing Winter Storm Warning
  criteria (4 inches in 12hrs or 6 inches in 24hrs). The
  north/south corridor from Colville to Spokane to Pullman looks
  to be borderline for Warning Amounts with 3 to 5 inches. Spokane
  county looks funny on the map surrounded by Winter Storm
  Warnings, but I will leave it as is. Stronger winds this evening
  over the Washington Palouse will contribute to the potential for
  blowing and drifting, and the deeper colder air from Deer Park
  northward may experience higher snow ratios and more spots over
  the 4 inch threshold.

* Bust potential: A change from snow to rain may bust the forecast
  for heavy snow in the Pullman area. The track of the surface low
  will make a big difference on whether portions of southeast
  Washington make it into the warm sector with this storm. The NAM
  and GFS suggest that the rain/snow line will be very close this
  evening. It could be the difference between 6 inches of heavy
  snow in Pullman or 2 inches of snow followed by rain.

Sunday and Sunday Night: The upper low responsible for the snow
is forecast to shear out and quickly move southeastward into
central Montana and Wyoming on Sunday. The models prog the
potential for a ragged lingering deformation band of snow over the
Idaho Panhandle on Sunday, but it does not appear to produce much
more than an inch of additional accumulation for the lowlands.
Weak to moderate post frontal northwesterly flow should enhance
snow showers over the mountains of southern Shoshone county, the
Camas Prairie, and the Blue Mountains for an additional 1 to 3
inches of accumulation. /GKoch

Monday through Wednesday night: Models are in good agreement of a
cold arctic air mass dropping into the area on Monday. A 1055mb
surface high over central British Columbia and southern Alberta
will result in a tight north-northeast pressure gradient with
850mb winds increasing to 30-35 kts. Model soundings, MAV
guidance, and UW WRF-GFS winds suggest sustained winds of 15-25
mph with gusts of 35-40 mph across the Columbia Basin and Spokane
area...with stronger winds of 20-30 mph with gusts to 45 mph down
the Purcell Trench affecting Sandpoint and Coeur D`Alene. These
winds will likely lead to areas of blowing snow. The Okanogan
Valley will also see elevated winds as northerly wind channel down
the valley. These winds will combine with afternoon temperatures
mainly in the lower to mid 20s creating wind chill values between
5-15F. These wind chill values will drop further Monday night with
below 0F readings possible. The coldest night for low temperatures
will likely be Tuesday night as pressure gradients relax allowing
for strong radiational cooling. Although some passing mid and high
clouds from the north may keep temperatures from dropping to full
potential. Model guidance and past pattern experience with arctic
air masses and fresh snow cover leads to the potential for the
colder locations to drop to between 0 to -10F. These below zero
readings are most likely in the typical cold spots like Mazama,
Republic, Priest Lake, and Deer Park. The arctic air mass will
usher in much drier air with dry conditions over all the area by
Monday night. A few lingering snow showers are expected during the
day on Monday mainly near the Cascades and southeast Washington
before the drier air arrives.

Thursday through Friday...The 00z GFS and ECMWF models were
showing a bit more flattening of the offshore ridge during this
period with the potential for weak waves to drop down in northwest
flow compared to previous model runs. If these new solutions pan
out this would lead to a gradual increase in snow chances with
northwest flow most favoring the Cascade crest and Idaho
Panhandle. The best chances for the Cascades looks to hold off til
Friday...although given model changes during this period
confidence is not very high in the details. JW

&&

.AVIATION...
12Z TAFS: Snow will increase over the Idaho Panhandle and the
eastern third of Washington between 14z-18z. The heaviest snow
will likely fall in the 18z-03z time frame with accumulations of 3
to 5 inches expected for Spokane, Pullman, and Colville. Westerly
upslope should increase amounts at Coeur D`Alene and Sandpoint
into the 4 to 8 inch range. Ceilings during the afternoon and
early evening will likely be below 1000 feet during the heaviest
snow and visibilities below a mile. A well pronounced
precipitation shadow will yield little to no accumulation for
Wenatchee, Omak, and Moses Lake. /GLKoch

&&

.PRELIMINARY POINT TEMPS/POPS...
Spokane        32  27  31  18  21   6 / 100  70  40  30  20   0
Coeur d`Alene  31  27  31  18  20   5 / 100 100  60  20  10   0
Pullman        33  29  33  18  21   3 / 100 100  70  50  30  10
Lewiston       38  32  38  24  28   9 /  70 100  70  50  30  10
Colville       32  26  33  20  24   1 / 100  50  30  30  10   0
Sandpoint      30  27  32  19  21   2 / 100 100  60  20  10  10
Kellogg        30  26  30  15  17  -1 / 100 100  80  40  20  10
Moses Lake     34  27  32  23  29  12 /  30  10  10  30  20   0
Wenatchee      35  28  33  25  30  13 /  10  10  10  50  40   0
Omak           30  25  29  21  25   9 /  20  20  20  40  10   0

&&

.OTX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
ID...Winter Storm Warning until 4 PM PST Sunday for Central Panhandle
     Mountains.

     Winter Storm Warning from 10 AM this morning to 4 PM PST Sunday
     for Lewis and Southern Nez Perce Counties.

     Winter Storm Warning until 4 AM PST Sunday for Coeur d`Alene
     Area-Idaho Palouse-Northern Panhandle.

WA...Winter Storm Warning from 10 AM this morning to 4 PM PST Sunday
     for Northeast Blue Mountains.

     Winter Storm Warning until 4 AM PST Sunday for Northeast
     Mountains-Washington Palouse.

     Winter Weather Advisory until 4 AM PST Sunday for East Slopes
     Northern Cascades-Okanogan Highlands.

     Winter Weather Advisory until 10 PM PST this evening for Spokane
     Area.

&&

$$



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