Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Mt. Holly, NJ

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FXUS61 KPHI 300135
AFDPHI

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Mount Holly NJ
935 PM EDT SUN MAY 29 2016

.SYNOPSIS...
Tropical moisture will continue to track northward across our area
tonight through Monday. A cold front will then cross the area
Tuesday followed by high pressure for the middle of the week. A cold
front, attached to low pressure moving across eastern Canada, will
slide across the Mid Atlantic region early next weekend.

&&

.NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM MONDAY MORNING/...
An upper air analysis showed a ridge axis over the area and it
extends into Southeastern Canada. An upper-level jet was positioned
from Southeastern Canada to the Lower Ohio Valley. Meanwhile at the
surface, a cold front was draped from the Great Lakes to the
Tennessee Valley. A plume of tropical moisture continues to surge
northward, which is tied to Tropical Depression Bonnie that is
located near coastal South Carolina.

The forecast challenge is the extent of showers and the intensity
through the overnight. The ongoing showers lifting northward
across about the western half of the area is tied mostly to the
leading edge of the deeper moisture surge. This moisture surge
initially was feeding off of a pocket of instability across the
Delmarva however this decreased northward due earlier to lower
surface dew points. The dew points continue to be on the rise
northward this evening as this initial moisture surge occurs. The
PW values are forecast to rise to about 2 inches through the night
and the forecast soundings show deep moisture along with high
freezing levels. This would indicate that showers and especially
stronger embedded cells can be efficient rainfall producers due to
warm rain processes. This however may temper the thunder chance. There
remains some meager instability in the forecast soundings and
while some thunder can occur we delayed this by several hours.

The model guidance overall shows our area becoming better positioned
into the right entrance region of a 250 MB jet overnight. This is
when better forcing should arrive and a band of heavy showers
could nearly train across some areas. The idea of locally heavy
rain remains, although where the main focus is will be the key.
The guidance, including the RAP and HRRR are pointing more toward
the near and west of I-95. This is given due to the south to
southeast inflow which may help with convergence and also some
terrain assisted lift.

Some fog may persist for awhile mostly along the coast of New
Jersey given higher dew points advecting over the cooler ocean
water. Earlier beach cams showed fog right on the coast in some
areas. The temperature and dew point grids were adjusted using
the latest obs, then the lamp/lav guidance was blended in.
Significant adjustments were needed to speed up the dew point
increase northbound. The pops were adjusted based on radar trends.
No major changes were made to the low temperatures at this time.

&&

.SHORT TERM /6 AM MONDAY MORNING THROUGH 6 PM MONDAY/...
With the slower timing, it now appears that there will be more
precip on Monday, than earlier fcst. Showers and some thunder now
look to continue for a good portion of the day, especially for srn
and ern areas. Nrn and wrn areas cud see precip end durg the aftn,
with srn and ern sections most likely holding onto rain thru at
least sunset.

&&

.LONG TERM /MONDAY NIGHT THROUGH SUNDAY/...
The remaining showers from the back edge of the system affecting the
area during the short term will be moving offshore Monday evening.
Pops will then decrease below slight chc by dawn Tuesday. Except for
some fog overnight...fair weather is expected. Low temperatures will
be in the low to mid 60s.

High pressure will build in from the north Tuesday and remain into
Wednesday night. Dry weather is expected much of the time with
above normal temperatures in most areas. Highs both days will be in
the low/mid 80s in most areas with some 70s for highs along the
shore and the higher elevations well to the north. A few scattered
showers may creep into the Delmarva areas later Wed as the edge of
moisture associated with what will be left of Tropical Depression
Bonnie will be moving south/east of the area. The pops across srn
Delaware at these times will only be 20-25 pct at most.

The tropical moisture and an advancing h5 trough will be setting up
across our area towards the end of next week. This will bring some
unsettled conditions with typical late spring/early summer
showers/tstms to the area. Pops will be mostly in the chc range for
now with details yet to be specific with regards to timing and
locations. Temperatures during this period will be close to normal.

&&

.AVIATION /02Z MONDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/...
The following discussion is for KPHL, KPNE, KTTN, KABE, KRDG, KILG,
KMIV, KACY and surrounding areas.

Rest of Tonight...VFR ceilings lowering to MVFR/IFR through 06z
from south to north. This timing may be determined on the
intensity of the showers. The visibility will lower to MVFR and
IFR at times especially during heavier showers. Some thunder
is possible overnight, however the areal coverage looks low and
therefore it was not included in the TAFs. Southerly winds mainly less
than 10 knots, becoming light and variable at some terminals.

Monday...MVFR/IFR conditions in the morning along with times of
heavy showers and some thunder, then the main area of
showers/thunder shift toward the coast in the afternoon. The
lower conditions last the longest at KACY to KMIV, with possible
improvement in the afternoon to VFR mostly at KABE and KRDG.
South to southwest winds mostly in the 5-10 knot range.

OUTLOOK...
Monday night...Showers end from w to E, VFR conditions return.
    Patchy fog possible late however.
Tue-Wed night...Mostly VFR. Few showers psbl far South Wed.
Thu- Fri...Mostly vfr but lower conditions psbl in sct
    showers/tstms.

&&

.MARINE...
The earlier visible satellite images along with beach cams
indicate that fog is persistent over the NJ coastal waters
especially. This looks to continue for awhile given much higher
dew points advecting northward over the cooler waters, therefore
a Dense Fog Advisory remains in effect through tonight for the NJ
coastal water zones.

The winds are expected to remain below Small Craft Advisory
criteria through Monday. Seas are expected to build some and
could reach near 5 feet on the southern waters Monday. Due to
confidence being lower, wind below criteria and WaveWatch
possibly being overdone, will not issue a Small Craft Advisory at
this time.

OUTLOOK...
Sub-sca conditions expected most of the period. Seas on the ocean may
reach close to 5 ft Thu night...but low confid in this attm. Sct
tstms with higher winds/seas possible Fri.

&&

.HYDROLOGY...
Locally heavy rain is expected through the night and Monday which
may result in localized flooding. This is due to an influx of
tropical moisture from Tropical Depression Bonnie, which increases
the PWATs to near 2 inches. Depending on where the heavier showers
and some t-storms set up, isolated locations may possibly see 3
inches of rain. The area of heaviest rain may set up near and just
west of I-95. While the threat of localized flooding is there,
the areal extent is more uncertain and therefore we held off on a
flash flood watch at this time.

&&

.CLIMATE...
Daily record rainfalls that have a chance of exceedance, if heavy
showers can persist for 1 to 2 hours. Note, splitting amounts
between two days lowers the chance of a single day record event
occurrence.

There is a good chance several long term climate sites will increase
to a top 10 ranking for the month of May in our CWA.  PHL ACY AND ILG
only need an inch of rain these last 3 days of the month to rank
as a top 10 wettest month of May.

Monday

ACY 3.07 1984   por 1874
PHL 1.74 1908   por 1872
ILG 1.10 1983   por 1894
ABE 1.68 1968   por 1922
TTN 1.62 1912   por 1865
GED 2.04 1984   por 1948
RDG 2.92 1904   por 1869 (highly unlikely to approach a record
                          daily rainfall)
MPO 1.86 1990 POR 1901

&&

.PHI WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
PA...None.
NJ...None.
DE...None.
MD...None.
MARINE...Dense Fog Advisory until 6 AM EDT Monday for ANZ450>453.

&&

$$
Synopsis...Gorse/O`Hara
Near Term...Gorse
Short Term...Nierenberg
Long Term...O`Hara
Aviation...Gorse/O`Hara
Marine...Gorse/Nierenberg/O`Hara
Hydrology...
Climate...



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