Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Blacksburg, VA

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FXUS61 KRNK 231927
AFDRNK

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Blacksburg VA
327 PM EDT Sun Apr 23 2017

.SYNOPSIS...
Expect wet weather at least through Monday night, with surface low
in the Tennessee Valley slowly moving eastwards to the South
Carolina coast by Tuesday morning, while upper low slowly traverse
the same general area.

&&

.NEAR TERM /THROUGH MONDAY/...
As of 327 PM EDT Sunday...

Flood Watch continues for most of the region through Monday evening.

Positively titled upper level trough will deepen as it pivots to the
southeast with a closed mid level low eventually traveling across
the Southeast States. This pivoting will result in increasing
difluent mid and upper level flow and associated divergence to the
northeast of the low. A dual upper level jet structure may enhance
upper level divergence over western North Carolina this evening into
Monday morning.

Rain, heavy at times will spread northeast across the region this
evening into tonight and continue into Monday. Moderate to heavy
rain is expected in the flood watch area, with 1.5 to 3 inches
likely through Monday night. Locally higher amounts likely near the
Blue Ridge, south of Roanoke.

Initially the northern edge of the rain shield is sharp and utilized
the 16z HRRR which captured the rain placement on the WSR-88d the
best, then used a blend of GFS and NAM. The Day 1 excessive rainfall
outlook placed an moderate risk across southwest portions of
forecast area. This is supported by the better lift, jet
dynamics, upper difluence and terrain enhancement. Models are
hinting at higher qpf to our south across North Carolina and
South Carolina. This may be suggesting potential for elevated
convection to our south. Not expecting any thunderstorms or
deeper convection for our area with wedge in place, and this
should keep hourly rainfall rates limited. However, long
duration rains will create a flood threat especially for
creeks/streams and rivers. The flash flood threat will be
isolated but cannot rule out some pockets across the southern
Blue Ridge this evening into tonight. In contrast, for late
tonight, there is some potential for dry slot to work toward the
Mountain Empire before the easterly fetch off the Atlantic
pulls rain back to the west Monday. Complex forecast tonight,
but models agree in general weather of cloudy and rain. Low
temperatures tonight will range from around 40 degrees in the
mountains to near 50 degrees in the Piedmont.

Increased pops on Monday in the west as vertically stacked cyclone
slowly pinwheel southeast. Timing looked a tad slower on the
movement. Good moisture transport continues Monday with PWAT
around 1.25" along/east of the Blue Ridge and into the Piedmont.
Stable thermodynamic profiles owing to residual wedge should
hinder any thunderstorms. Northeast to north winds especially in
the east will increase in speeds Monday afternoon into Monday
night. This is a result of the strengthening pressure gradient
between high pressure over the Northeast and low center over the
Carolinas. Played high temperatures a little cooler with rich
cloud cover and rain with readings from the mid 40s in the
mountains to the mid 50-s in the Piedmont.

&&

.SHORT TERM /MONDAY NIGHT THROUGH WEDNESDAY/...
As of 320 PM EDT Sunday...

Wedge is gone on Monday night as surface and low level winds respond
to approaching low. Bufkit guidance showed easterly flow and a
saturated sounding 6 to 9 thousand feet deep. This strong upslope
and Atlantic inflow will prolong widespread moderate to locally
heavy rain. Axis of 850MB jet crosses northern North Carolina and
southern Virginia Monday night and will be pointing toward Maryland
and northern Virginia on Tuesday morning.

Little variation in GFS/NAM forecast track and timing of surface and
upper low. Upper low moves off the southeast coast Monday night then
tracks northeast, very close to the coast, passing over the Outer
Banks on Tuesday night. On Wednesday the 500 mb low is far
enough away from Virginia that moisture wrapping around the west
side of the system will be retreating from the Virginia, West
Virginia and North Carolina. Will be slowing down the clearing
on Tuesday. Similar to current forecast will have a low
probability of showers in the Virginia piedmont on Tuesday
night and a dry forecast for Wednesday. Stayed on the cooler
side of guidance for maximum temperatures on Tuesday since more
cloud cover is expected.

&&

.LONG TERM /WEDNESDAY NIGHT THROUGH SUNDAY/...
As of 300 PM EDT Sunday...

500MB heights rise Thursday and Friday over the southeast United
States but with an overall deepening upper trough over the central
United States. A deep closed low develops over the Rockies by
the end of the week which will keep much of the east downstream
in broad southwest flow.

At the surface a low pressure system tracks into the Great Lakes.
The front with this system stalls in the Ohio and Tennessee Valleys
on Thursday and Friday. 850MB temperatures increase to as high
as +18 on the ECMWF on Friday over southern Virginia and
northern North Carolina. Will have Saturday and Sunday with
continued above normal temperatures.


&&

.AVIATION /19Z SUNDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/...
As of 144 PM EDT Sunday...

Poor flying conditions during the taf period with low clouds,
rain and pockets of fog. Rain will continue to lift north this
afternoon and overspread the area from southwest to northeast
with moderate to heavy rain at times, especially along and
south of KROA/KBCB toward KTNB/KMWK/KUKF and KDAN. No thunder
expected at this time, so mainly expected MVFR to IFR vsbys in
rain, with VFR at times, while cigs fluctuate between high end
MVFR to IFR, with higher ridges more prone to lower cigs/vsbys
thru the period. Periods of LIFR can be expected with heavier
rain bands. Widespread low clouds and rain will continue into
Monday afternoon.

Winds will be out of the east mainly around 10kts all sites,
some gusts to 20kts possible near KROA/KBCB/KLYH.

High confidence in ceilings, visibilities and winds during the
taf period.


Extended Aviation Discussion...

Poor aviation conditions expected to continue through Monday
night, and at times into Tuesday, thanks to the slow moving
upper low and attendant sfc system. Look for gradual improvement
sometime Tuesday from west to east with better flying wx for by
midweek, though another front may bring scattered
MVFR showers/storms toward late Thursday in the mountains. Drier
weather will return for Friday.

&&

.HYDROLOGY...
As of 300 PM EDT Sunday...

No changes to the flood watch, with still some model differences
in placement of highest rainfall threat. High-res models and
analogs along with pattern recognition favor the southern Blue
Ridge from Roanoke to Boone, east to the piedmont of VA/NC as
those areas which appear to be in line to receive 2-3" through
early Tuesday. This amount of rain combined with the 1 to 2+
inches that has already fallen since Friday should lead to hydro
issues on rivers, as well as smaller creeks and streams.

Looking at the analogs this pattern favors April 5th, 1993, and
March 27th, 1993 which produced some minor to moderate flooding
along portions of the Dan and Roanoke River mainly downstream of
Danville and Altavista. Still will have to see how this sets up
as we had been dry prior to this event.

WPC has kept the moderate risk of FFG exceeded over the
southern Blue Ridge. As mentioned in the near term, deep
convection seems limited, thereby will have to rely on upslope
component to enhance rainfall rates, so isolate flash flooding
is possible, but more longer term >6hr flooding is more likely.

Saturated ground may also result in downed trees and rock or
mud slides.

&&

.RNK WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
VA...Flood Watch through Monday evening for VAZ007-009>018-022-023-
     032>034-043>046-058-059.
NC...Flood Watch through Monday evening for NCZ001>006-018>020.
WV...Flood Watch through Monday evening for WVZ042.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...KK/WP
NEAR TERM...KK
SHORT TERM...AMS
LONG TERM...AMS
AVIATION...KK/WP
HYDROLOGY...KK/MBS/WP


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