Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Boston, MA

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488 AXUS71 KBOX 301751 DGTBOX CTC003-013-015-MAC001-005-007-009-011-013-015-017-019-021-023-025- 027-RIC001-003-005-007-009-021800- DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE TAUNTON MA 1251 PM EST WED NOV 30 2016 ...CONNECTICUT CONTINUES DROUGHT DECLARATIONS... ...MASSACHUSETTS CONTINUES DROUGHT DECLARATION... ...RHODE ISLAND CONTINUES DROUGHT ADVISORY... ...RAINFALL AT THE END OF NOVEMBER PROVIDING SOME SHORT TERM RELIEF... SYNOPSIS... PREDOMINANTLY BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION OCCURRED FROM MARCH THROUGH SEPTEMBER 2016. WHILE OCTOBER BROUGHT SOME ABOVE NORMAL RAINFALL ACROSS NORTHEAST CONNECTICUT...EASTERN MASSACHUSETTS...AND RHODE ISLAND...AREAS TO THE WEST RECEIVED FAR LESS RAINFALL. NOVEMBER RAINFALL WILL END UP PREDOMINANTLY BELOW NORMAL ACROSS SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND. THE RAINFALL FROM TUESDAY NOVEMBER 29...AND THE RAINFALL EXPECTED THIS AFTERNOON AND TONIGHT NOVEMBER 30...WILL BRING SOME SHORT TERM RELIEF TO THE ONGOING DROUGHT. HOWEVER...MUCH MORE PRECIPITATION IS NEEDED TO FURTHER IMPROVE THE DROUGHT CONDITIONS IN THE AREA. ACCORDING TO THE NOVEMBER 22 RELEASE OF THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...THE MAJORITY OF SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND WAS IN D2 TO D3 CONDITIONS...SEVERE TO EXTREME DROUGHT. EXCEPTIONS INCLUDED D1 MODERATE DROUGHT ACROSS FAR NORTHEAST CT AND NORTHERN RI...AS WELL AS CAPE COD. D0 OR ABNORMALLY DRY CONDITIONS PREVAILED ACROSS MARTHAS VINEYARD...WITH NORMAL CONDITIONS ON NANTUCKET. SUMMARY OF IMPACTS... STATE AND LOCAL ACTIONS. IN CONNECTICUT...A DROUGHT WATCH REMAINED IN EFFECT FOR CENTRAL AND WESTERN PORTIONS OF THE STATE...AS ANNOUNCED BY THE GOVERNOR OF THE STATE. IN THE DROUGHT WATCH AREA...THE STATE REQUESTED WATER USE BE VOLUNTARILY LOWERED BY 15 PERCENT. ACROSS THE 2 EASTERN MOST COUNTIES OF CONNECTICUT...INCLUDING WINDHAM COUNTY...A DROUGHT ADVISORY REMAINED IN EFFECT AS ISSUED BY THE STATE`S DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH. IN THIS AREA...THE STATE REQUESTED VOLUNTARY WATER USE REDUCTION BY 10 PERCENT. ON NOVEMBER 9TH THE MASSACHUSETTS OFFICE OF ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS EXPANDED THE DROUGHT WARNING TO INCLUDE THE WESTERN DROUGHT REGION, WHICH ENCOMPASSES BERKSHIRE COUNTY. SO AT THIS TIME...5 OF THE 6 DROUGHT REGIONS WITHIN MASSACHUSETTS WERE UNDER A DROUGHT WARNING. THE CAPE AND ISLANDS EXPERIENCED SUFFICIENT IMPROVEMENT IN CONDITIONS FOR A LOWERING OF DROUGHT STATUS...TO A DROUGHT ADVISORY. IN RHODE ISLAND...A DROUGHT ADVISORY REMAINED IN EFFECT FOR THE ENTIRE STATE...AS ISSUED BY THE GOVERNOR OF RHODE ISLAND. THE DROUGHT ADVISORY CONTINUED THROUGH NOVEMBER. SOIL MOISTURE CONDITIONS. AS OF NOVEMBER 29...SOIL MOISTURE CONTINUED TO BE MUCH DRIER THAN NORMAL FOR THIS TIME OF YEAR ACROSS SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND. THIS WEEKS RAINFALL WILL BRING AT LEAST SOME IMPROVEMENT TO SOIL MOISTURE CONDITIONS. GROUNDWATER CONDITIONS. AS OF LATE NOVEMBER...GROUNDWATER WELLS MONITORED BY THE THE UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY /USGS/ WITHIN SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND...WERE MAINLY AT BELOW OR WELL BELOW NORMAL LEVELS. THERE WERE A FEW EXCEPTIONS WHICH WERE MAINLY NOTED ACROSS CAPE COD AND THE ISLANDS...WITH A MIXTURE OF NEAR NORMAL...ABOVE NORMAL...AND BELOW NORMAL GROUND WATER LEVELS. RIVER AND STREAMFLOW CONDITIONS. THE USGS MAP OF REAL-TIME STREAMFLOW FOR NOVEMBER 30 INDICATED VARYING CONDITIONS ACROSS SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND. THE RAINFALL FROM THE 29TH TO EARLY MORNING ON THE 30TH ALLOWED FOR A SHORT TERM BOOST TO AREA WATERWAYS...BUT IN MANY INSTANCES RIVER LEVELS STILL REMAINED AT BELOW OR WELL BELOW NORMAL LEVELS. RHODE ISLAND HAD SOME OF THE BEST SHORT TERM RESPONSE IN RIVER LEVELS...WHERE AT LEAST BRIEFLY...ALL USGS GAGES WERE AT NORMAL TO ABOVE NORMAL LEVELS. THE ANTICIPATED RAINFALL FOR TODAY...NOV 30...SHOULD ALLOW FOR ANOTHER SHORT TERM BOOST IN RIVER AND STREAM LEVELS. AGRICULTURE IMPACTS. AS OF LATE NOVEMBER...THE GROWING SEASON WAS OVER WITHIN SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND. CURRENT WATER RESTRICTIONS. IN MASSACHUSETTS...A SEPTEMBER 28 REPORT FROM MASSACHUSETTS DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...INDICATED OVER 180 WATER DISTRICTS HAD SOME DEGREE OF WATER RESTRICTIONS ACROSS THE STATE. RESIDENTS AND BUSINESSES SHOULD HEED ANY WATER RESTRICTIONS IN PLACE LOCALLY. IN NORTHERN CONNECTICUT...CONNECTICUT STATE OFFICIALS REQUESTED RESIDENTS AND BUSINESSES TO VOLUNTARILY REDUCE WATER USAGE BY 15 PERCENT IN DROUGHT WATCH AREAS. THIS INCLUDED HARTFORD AND TOLLAND COUNTIES. RESIDENTS AND BUSINESSES IN DROUGHT ADVISORY AREAS...INCLUDING WINDHAM COUNTY...WERE REQUESTED TO REDUCE WATER USAGE BY 10 PERCENT. IN ADDITION...AS OF OCTOBER 2016...BRISTOL... SOUTHINGTON...AND MANCHESTER CT HAD VOLUNTARY WATER RESTRICTIONS IN PLACE. THE METROPOLITAN DISTRICT COMMISSION /MDC/ ALSO HAD VOLUNTARY WATER RESTRICTIONS IN PLACE. CLIMATE SUMMARY... RAINFALL OVER THE PAST 24 HOURS WAS THE BIGGEST SOAKING RAINFALL FOR THE REGION SINCE THE METRO WORCESTER URBAN FLASH FLOOD EVENT OF OCTOBER 21. THE NOVEMBER 29 RAINS WERE NOT AS EXCESSIVE AS THAT LATE OCTOBER EVENT, BUT WERE MORE WIDESPREAD ACROSS THE REGION...AND HAD MORE OF A STEADY SOAKING NATURE. EVENT TOTALS ENDING 8 AM NOVEMBER 30 RANGED FROM 0.5 TO 1.0 INCHES ACROSS MOST OF MASSACHUSETTS, AND 1 TO 2 INCHES ACROSS MUCH OF CONNECTICUT, RHODE ISLAND AND SOUTHEAST MASSACHUSETTS. RAINFALL TOTALS FOR NOV 1 THRU 8 AM NOV 30 PREDOMINANTLY RANGED BETWEEN 2 AND 3 INCHES...WITH SPOT LOWER TOTALS. MUCH OF THE AREA ENDED UP WITH 50 TO 75 PERCENT OF NORMAL RAINFALL, THOUGH FOR EASTERN MA RAINFALL WAS STILL LESS THAN HALF OF NORMAL MONTH-TO- DATE. IT IS IMPORTANT TO NOTE THAT FOR MOST OBSERVATION SITES, THE LAST REPORT FOR THE MONTH OCCURS AT 8 AM ON THE LAST DAY OF THE MONTH. THERE ARE EXCEPTIONS TO THIS, INCLUDING AUTOMATED SURFACE OBSERVATION STATIONS. AT THOSE SITES, RAINFALL TOTALS FOR NOVEMBER WILL INCLUDE ALL NOVEMBER 30TH RAINFALL UNTIL MIDNIGHT LST. LOOKING BACK INTO OCTOBER, RAINFALL WAS ABOVE NORMAL ACROSS THE EASTERN HALF OF MASSACHUSETTS...ALL OF RHODE ISLAND...AND NORTHEAST CONNECTICUT. IN THESE AREAS RAINFALL TOTALS FOR THE MONTH RANGED FROM 5.5 TO 7.5 INCHES...WITH SPOT HIGHER TOTALS. THIS WAS ABOVE TO WELL ABOVE NORMAL FOR THE MONTH. IN CONTRAST...OCTOBER RAINFALL WAS FAR LESS ACROSS THE CONNECTICUT VALLEY REGION OF MA...AND NORTH CENTRAL CT. RAINFALL IN THOSE AREAS DROPPED OFF TO 2 TO 4.5 INCHES...WHICH WAS 1 TO 3 INCHES BELOW NORMAL. PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK... RAINFALL THRU TONIGHT...ANOTHER ROUND OF SOAKING RAIN IS EXPECTED THIS AFTERNOON INTO TONIGHT AS A WAVE OF LOW PRESSURE DEVELOPS ALONG A FRONT...AND TRAVERSES THROUGH NEW ENGLAND. RAINFALL TOTALS FROM A 0.5 TO 1.5 INCHES ARE FORECAST. THIS EVENT...OCCURRING ON THE HEELS OF YESTERDAYS RAINFALL...WILL PROVIDE SOME SHORT TERM RELIEF TO THE LONGER TERM DROUGHT CONDITIONS. THE FORECAST FOR THURSDAY THROUGH NEXT WEDNESDAY FOLLOWS. THURSDAY WILL BE DRY AND MILD WITH MILD HIGHS IN THE 50S. THEN TEMPERATURES WILL BE CLOSER TO SEASONABLE FROM FRIDAY THROUGH NEXT WEDNESDAY...WITH HIGHS MAINLY IN THE UPPER 30S AND 40S...AND LOWS IN THE MID 20S AND 30S. DRY CONDITIONS ARE FORECAST FOR MUCH OF THAT PERIOD...HOWEVER A SYSTEM MIGHT BRING WINTRY PRECIPITATION TO THE REGION DURING SUNDAY NIGHT OR MONDAY. THERE IS A LOT OF UNCERTAINTY TO WHETHER OR NOT THIS LATE WEEKEND SYSTEM AFFECTS SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND. THE 8 TO 14 DAY OUTLOOK FOR DECEMBER 7 TO 13...ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER /CPC/...INDICATES TEMPERATURES AVERAGING NEAR NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL...WITH ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION...ACROSS SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND. HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK... WHILE OCTOBER RAINFALL BROUGHT SHORT TERM IMPROVEMENT ACROSS THE EASTERN HALF OF THE AREA...WESTERN MA AND NORTH CENTRAL CT SAW MUCH LESS RAINFALL AND A STEADY DECLINE IN DROUGHT CONDITIONS. NOVEMBER RAINFALL WAS PREDOMINANTLY BELOW NORMAL, ALTHOUGH RAINS DURING THE 29TH OF THE MONTH HELPED TO PROVIDE SOME RENEWED SHORT TERM IMPROVEMENT. THE RAINFALL FOR THIS AFTERNOON AND TONIGHT WILL BRING SOME ADDITIONAL SHORT TERM IMPROVEMENT. HOWEVER...THE 2 RAIN EVENTS FROM THIS WEEK WILL NOT BE SUFFICIENT TO END THE DROUGHT THAT HAS IMPACTED OUR REGION NOW FOR QUITE SOME TIME. A SUSTAINED PERIOD OF NORMAL TO ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION IS NEEDED TO PROVIDE LONG TERM DROUGHT IMPROVEMENT ACROSS THE AREA. NEXT ISSUANCE DATE... THIS PRODUCT WILL BE UPDATED ON TUESDAY JANUARY 5...OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN CONDITIONS. && RELATED WEB SITES... ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES... US DROUGHT MONITOR...HTTP://WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML NOAA DROUGHT PAGE...HTTP://WWW.DROUGHT.NOAA.GOV CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC)...HTTP://WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV NORTHEAST REGIONAL CLIMATE CENTER...HTTP://WWW.NRCC.CORNELL.EDU ADDITIONAL RIVER INFORMATION... NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE...HTTP://WATER.WEATHER.GOV US GEOLOGICAL SURVEY...HTTP://WATER.USGS.GOV US ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS...HTTP://WWW.USACE.ARMY.MIL ACKNOWLEDGMENTS... THE DROUGHT MONITOR IS A MULTI-AGENCY EFFORT INVOLVING NOAA/S NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE AND NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER...THE USDA...STATE AND REGIONAL CENTER CLIMATOLOGISTS AND THE NATIONAL DROUGHT MITIGATION CENTER. INFORMATION FOR THIS STATEMENT HAS BEEN GATHERED FROM NWS AND FAA OBSERVATION SITES...STATE COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICES...THE USDA...USACE AND USGS. QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS... IF YOU HAVE QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT... NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE 445 MYLES STANDISH BLVD TAUNTON MA 02780 PHONE...508-823-1900 BOX.WEBMASTER@NOAA.GOV $$ FOR THE LATEST UPDATES...PLEASE VISIT OUR WEBPAGE AT WWW.WEATHER.GOV/BOSTON YOU CAN FOLLOW US ON FACEBOOK AT WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/NWSBOSTON YOU CAN FOLLOW US ON TWITTER AT @NWSBOSTON

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