Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Boston, MA

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000 AXUS71 KBOX 181548 DGTBOX CTC003-013-015-MAC001-005-007-009-011-013-015-017-019-021-023-025- 027-RIC001-003-005-007-009-191800- DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE TAUNTON MA 1130 AM EDT THU AUG 18 2016 ...MASSACHUSETTS EXPANDS DROUGHT DECLARATION... ...CONNECTICUT CONTINUES DROUGHT DECLARATION... ...RHODE ISLAND ISSUES DROUGHT ADVISORY... SYNOPSIS... BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY PRECIPITATION THAT STARTED BACK IN MARCH OF 2016 CONTINUED THROUGH JULY. IN JULY...MUCH OF EASTERN AND NORTHERN MASSACHUSETTS RECEIVED LESS THAN HALF OF NORMAL RAINFALL. RAINFALL ACROSS NORTHERN CONNECTICUT...MUCH OF RHODE ISLAND AND THE CONNECTICUT VALLEY REGION OF MASSACHUSETTS RANGED MAINLY FROM 50 TO 70 PERCENT OF NORMAL. RAINFALL WAS ABOVE 70 PERCENT OF NORMAL ALONG CENTRAL RHODE ISLAND...CAPE COD AND THE ISLANDS. ACCORDING TO THE AUGUST 18TH RELEASE OF THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...THE MAJORITY OF CONNECTICUT AND RHODE ISLAND WERE EXPERIENCING MODERATE DROUGHT /D1/ CONDITIONS. MASSACHUSETTS WAS EXPERIENCING MODERATE TO EXTREME DROUGHT /D1 TO D3/ ACROSS THE MAJORITY OF THE STATE. THE SEVERE DROUGHT /D2/ AREA EXTENDED ACROSS MUCH OF CENTRAL AND EASTERN PORTIONS OF THE STATE WHILE A PORTION OF NORTHEAST MASSACHUSETTS INDICATED EXTREME DROUGHT /D3/. THE EXTREME DROUGHT /D3/ COVERED NORTHEASTERN MASSACHUSETTS FROM EASTERN NORFOLK COUNTY TO NORTHERN ESSEX COUNTY. SUMMARY OF IMPACTS... STATE AND LOCAL ACTIONS. ON AUGUST 17TH THE GOVERNOR OF RHODE ISLAND ISSUED A DROUGHT ADVISORY FOR THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND. ON AUGUST 12TH THE MASSACHUSETTS OFFICE OF ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS ISSUED A DROUGHT WARNING FOR THE NORTHEAST AND CENTRAL PORTIONS OF THE STATE. A DROUGHT WATCH WAS ISSUED FOR THE SOUTHEAST AND THE CONNECTICUT RIVER VALLEY. A DROUGHT ADVISORY WAS ISSUED FOR WESTERN MASSACHUSETTS AS WELL AS CAPE COD AND THE ISLANDS. ON JUNE 27TH THE CONNECTICUT DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH ISSUED A DROUGHT ADVISORY FOR THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT. SOIL MOISTURE CONDITIONS. AS OF AUGUST 9...SOIL MOISTURE WAS MUCH DRIER THAN NORMAL ACROSS MUCH OF THE AREA. THE CROP MOISTURE INDEX ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER ON AUGUST 6TH INDICATED THAT MOST OF SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND WAS ABNORMALLY DRY. EXCEPTIONS FOLLOW...THE CROP MOISTURE INDEX INDICATED EXCESSIVELY DRY CONDITIONS ACROSS EAST COASTAL MASSACHUSETTS...AND THE CROP MOISTURE INDEX WAS ON THE LOW END OF NORMAL ACROSS RHODE ISLAND. GROUNDWATER CONDITIONS. AS OF AUGUST 9TH...GROUNDWATER WELLS MONITORED BY THE THE UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY /USGS/ WITHIN SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND... WERE MAINLY AT BELOW TO WELL BELOW NORMAL LEVELS FOR THIS TIME OF YEAR. THERE WERE TWO EXCEPTIONS...ONE WAS ALONG CAPE COD AND THE ISLANDS...WHERE GROUNDWATER LEVELS WERE MAINLY AT NORMAL OR ABOVE NORMAL LEVELS FOR THIS TIME OF YEAR. IN ADDITION...WITHIN RHODE ISLAND GROUNDWATER LEVELS WERE A MIX OF NORMAL TO BELOW NORMAL LEVELS. IN RHODE ISLAND...SOME PRIVATELY OWNED WELLS WERE REPORTED TO HAVE GONE DRY IN BURRILLVILLE. RIVER AND STREAMFLOW CONDITIONS. THE MAP OF REAL-TIME STREAMFLOW COMPARED TO HISTORIC STREAMFLOW FOR THE DAY OF THE YEAR AS ISSUED BY THE USGS SHOWED THAT THE MAJORITY OF MONITORED RIVERS IN SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND WERE RUNNING BELOW TO WELL BELOW NORMAL FOR THIS TIME OF YEAR. WITHIN THE AREAS OF MASSACHUSETTS...RHODE ISLAND AND NORTH CENTRAL TO NORTHEAST CONNECTICUT...THERE WERE 27 GAGE SITES THAT WERE AT RECORD LOW LEVELS FOR THE DATE OF AUGUST 9TH. PROVISIONAL DATA FROM THE UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY...INDICATES THAT NEW RECORD LOW MONTHLY MEAN DISCHARGES FOR THE MONTH OF JULY OCCURRED AT THE FOLLOWING SITES WITH AT LEAST 30 YEARS OF RECORD...PAWCATUCK RIVER AT WOOD RIVER JUNCTION RI...AND MOSHASSUCK RIVER AT PROVIDENCE RI. AGRICULTURE IMPACTS. FARMERS ARE HAVING TO IRRIGATE THEIR CROPS MUCH MORE THAN NORMAL FOR THIS TIME OF YEAR. THE USDA CROP PROGRESS AND CONDITION REPORTS INDICATE THAT AGRICULTURAL IMPACTS HAVE MATERIALIZED WITHIN SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND. LOSSES HAVE STARTED TO BE REPORTED BY PRODUCERS WITHIN THE CONNECTICUT RIVER VALLEY AREA IN MASSACHUSETTS. ALSO IN THIS AREA...SOURCES OF IRRIGATION HAVE BEEN DWINDLING. THE USDA REPORTS THAT PASTURE AND RANGE LAND HAVE BEEN AFFECTED WITHIN SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND. CURRENT WATER RESTRICTIONS. IN MASSACHUSETTS...AN AUGUST 1ST REPORT FROM MASSACHUSETTS DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...INDICATED NUMEROUS COMMUNITIES WITHIN CENTRAL AND EASTERN PORTIONS OF THE STATE HAD MANDATORY NON ESSENTIAL OUTDOOR WATER USE RESTRICTIONS IN PLACE. A FEW COMMUNITIES HAD VOLUNTARY WATER RESTRICTIONS IN PLACE. IN NORTHERN CONNECTICUT...A JULY 26TH REPORT FROM THE CT DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH INDICATED THAT MANDATORY WATER RESTRICTIONS WERE IN PLACE IN SOUTHINGTON. VOLUNTARY CONSERVATION WAS OCCURRING WITHIN AREAS COVERED BY AQUARION WATER AND CONNECTICUT WATER COMPANY. THE UNIVERSITY OF CONNECTICUT HAD A STAGE 1A WATER CONSERVATION ALERT IN PLACE. CLIMATE SUMMARY... PRECIPITATION AVERAGED BELOW NORMAL ACROSS SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND DURING THE PAST SEVERAL MONTHS. FOR THE MONTHS OF MAY...JUNE AND JULY...RAINFALL WAS 50 TO 75 PERCENT OF NORMAL ACROSS MOST OF MASSACHUSETTS AS WELL AS NORTHERN CONNECTICUT AND MOST OF RHODE ISLAND. EXCEPTIONS FOLLOW...RAINFALL WAS AROUND OR LESS THAN 50 PERCENT OF NORMAL ALONG NORTHEAST AND EXTREME NORTH CENTRAL MASSACHUSETTS. THREE MONTH RAINFALL WAS ABOVE 70 PERCENT OF NORMAL ACROSS CENTRAL RHODE ISLAND AND ALONG CAPE COD. LOOKING AT OBSERVED RAINFALL FROM AUGUST 1 TO AUGUST 9...TOTALS RANGED FROM 0.5 TO 1.5 INCHES ACROSS MUCH OF THE AREA. ALONG EAST COASTAL MASSACHUSETTS...MANY LOCATIONS HAD LESS THAN A HALF INCH OF RAINFALL DURING THAT TIMEFRAME. RAINFALL DURING TODAY...AUGUST 10...THRU EARLY THIS AFTERNOON WAS ESTIMATED TO BE UP TO A FEW TENTHS OF AN INCH ACROSS MOST OF THE AREA. RADAR ESTIMATED SOME LOCALLY HIGHER RAINFALL TOTALS OF A HALF INCH TO AROUND AN INCH IN MASSACHUSETTS CLOSE TO THE NEW HAMPSHIRE STATE LINE...AND IN A FEW PORTIONS OF NORTHERN CONNECTICUT. PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK... WITH THE EXCEPTION OF A CHANCE OF SHOWERS OR THUNDERSTORMS SUNDAY THROUGH MONDAY CONDITIONS WILL BE MAINLY DRY THROUGH NEXT WEDNESDAY. TEMPERATURES DURING THE PERIOD WILL BE NEAR NORMAL FOR SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND. THE 8 TO 14 DAY OUTLOOK FOR AUGUST 25 TO 31...ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER /CPC/...INDICATES TEMPERATURES AVERAGING ABOVE NORMAL...WITH NEAR NORMAL PRECIPITATION...ACROSS SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND. THE OUTLOOK FOR THE MONTH OF AUGUST ISSUED ON JULY 31 BY CPC INDICATED EQUAL CHANCES OF ABOVE NORMAL...NORMAL...OR BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES FOR THE MONTH. ALSO THERE WERE EQUAL CHANCES OF ABOVE NORMAL...NORMAL AND BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION. THE OUTLOOK FOR THE 3 MONTH PERIOD OF AUGUST...SEPTEMBER AND OCTOBER ISSUED JULY 21 BY CPC INDICATES ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES FOR THIS THREE MONTH PERIOD. THE OUTLOOK FOR PRECIPITATION FOR THIS THREE MONTH PERIOD IS FOR EQUAL CHANCES OF ABOVE NORMAL...NORMAL AND BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION. HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK... WITH THE BELOW NORMAL AMOUNTS OF PRECIPITATION OVER THE PAST SEVERAL MONTHS...RIVER AND STREAM FLOWS ACROSS MUCH OF SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND ARE SHOWING BELOW TO WELL BELOW NORMAL LEVELS FOR THIS TIME OF YEAR. ALSO IMPACTED ARE GROUND WATER LEVELS, WHICH AT MANY LOCATIONS ARE AT BELOW NORMAL LEVELS COMPARED TO CLIMATOLOGY FOR THIS TIME OF YEAR. HOWEVER...RAINFALL DURING TODAY AND RAINFALL ANTICIPATED OVER THE COURSE OF THE NEXT 7 DAYS COULD BRING SOME MUCH NEEDED RELIEF...POTENTIALLY PLACING A DENT IN THE RAINFALL DEFICIT...AND PROVIDING MOISTURE TO AREA SOILS. SOME AREA RIVERS AND STREAMS MAY SEE A BRIEF BOOST FROM THIS ANTICIPATED RAINFALL. NEXT ISSUANCE DATE... THIS PRODUCT WILL BE UPDATED ON SEPTEMBER 12...OR SOONER IF NECESSARY IN RESPONSE TO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN CONDITIONS. && RELATED WEB SITES... ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES... US DROUGHT MONITOR...HTTP://WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML NOAA DROUGHT PAGE...HTTP://WWW.DROUGHT.NOAA.GOV CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC)...HTTP://WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV NORTHEAST REGIONAL CLIMATE CENTER...HTTP://WWW.NRCC.CORNELL.EDU ADDITIONAL RIVER INFORMATION... NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE...HTTP://WATER.WEATHER.GOV US GEOLOGICAL SURVEY...HTTP://WATER.USGS.GOV US ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS...HTTP://WWW.USACE.ARMY.MIL ACKNOWLEDGMENTS... THE DROUGHT MONITOR IS A MULTI-AGENCY EFFORT INVOLVING NOAA/S NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE AND NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER...THE USDA...STATE AND REGIONAL CENTER CLIMATOLOGISTS AND THE NATIONAL DROUGHT MITIGATION CENTER. INFORMATION FOR THIS STATEMENT HAS BEEN GATHERED FROM NWS AND FAA OBSERVATION SITES...STATE COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICES...THE USDA...USACE AND USGS. QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...IF YOU HAVE QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT... NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE 445 MYLES STANDISH BLVD TAUNTON MA 02780 PHONE...508-823-1900 BOX.WEBMASTER@NOAA.GOV $$ FOR THE LATEST UPDATES...PLEASE VISIT OUR WEBPAGE AT WWW.WEATHER.GOV/BOSTON YOU CAN FOLLOW US ON FACEBOOK AT WWW.FACEBOOK.COM/NWSBOSTON YOU CAN FOLLOW US ON TWITTER AT @NWSBOSTON

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