Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Wakefield, VA

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000
FXUS61 KAKQ 302048
AFDAKQ

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WAKEFIELD VA
448 PM EDT TUE JUN 30 2015

.SYNOPSIS...
COLD FRONT APPROACHES THE AREA FROM THE NORTHWEST LATE THIS
AFTERNOON INTO TONIGHT. THE FRONT WILL STALL ACROSS THE REGION
WEDNESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY...WITH LOW PRESSURE TRACKING ALONG THE
FRONT LATER THURSDAY AFTERNOON INTO THURSDAY NIGHT.

&&

.NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM WEDNESDAY MORNING/...
SEVERE THUNDERSTORM WATCH 378 IS IN EFFECT UNTIL 10 PM EDT FOR
THE ERN VA PIEDMONT AND PORTIONS OF CENTRAL AND ERN VA. ALSO FOR
DORCHESTER COUNTY MD AND NORTHAMPTON COUNTY NC.

LATEST GOES VISIBLE IMAGERY DEPICTS EXPANDING CU FIELD OVER THE
LOCAL AREA. ISOLATED TO WIDELY SCATTERED SHOWERS/THUNDERSTORMS HAVE
DEVELOPED ALONG A LINE FROM SOUTH HILL TO RICHMOND AND THE NORTHERN
NECK IN VIC OF THE LEE/THERMAL TROUGH. BEGINNING TO SEE LIGHTNING
ACTIVITY INCREASING IN THESE CELLS...BUT THEY WILL CONTINUE TO
FIGHT THE WARM AIR ALOFT AND MODEST MID-LEVEL LAPSE RATES. EXPECT
CONVECTION TO CONTINUE IN THIS REGION THRU THE AFTERNOON...AS
LOCATIONS TO THE EAST FIGHT THE RIDGE OVER THE SUBTROPICAL WRN
ATLANTIC. SPC MESOANALYSIS DEPICTS 1000-1500 J/KG MLCAPE ALONG
WITH 40-50 KT EFFECTIVE SHEAR. THE MAIN THREAT WILL BE DAMAGING
WIND GUSTS DUE TO STRONG SHEAR IN A REGION OF STEEP LOW-LEVEL
LAPSE RATES AND A WELL MIXED BL. BRIEF HEAVY RAINFALL ALSO
EXPECTED. HAVE MAINTAINED 30-40 POPS THIS AFTERNOON AS CONVECTION
REMAINS SCATTERED.

ANOTHER AREA OF CONVECTION ASSOCIATED WITH THE
APPROACHING/WEAKENING FRONT WILL APPROACH FROM THE WEST LATE THRU
THE AFTERNOON. BETTER HEIGHT FALLS/UVM ALSO ARRIVE THIS EVENING.
PV ANOMALY AND INCREASING WINDS ALOFT PROGGED TO DEVELOP A WAVE OF
LOW PRESSURE ALONG THE THERMAL TROUGH. THUNDERSTORMS PROGGED TO
LIFTS INTO THE PIEDMONT FROM THE WEST...SPREADING EWD ACROSS THE
LOCAL AREA. CONTINUED INFLUENCE FROM THE WRN ATLANTIC RIDGE
EXPECTED TO SUPPRESS ACTIVITY AS IT REACHES THE COAST DUE TO WARM
TEMPS ALOFT. LLJ ALSO KICKS IN THIS EVENING...ADVECTING BETTER
MOISTURE INTO THE REGION. DAMAGING WIND THREAT CONTINUES INTO THE
EVENING HOURS.

POPS TAPER OFF AFTER MIDNIGHT WITH PARTIAL CLEARING LATE
(ESPECIALLY W). MAY BE A FEW SHOWERS LINGERING ERN VA. LOW TONIGHT
ARE FORECAST TO RANGE FROM THE UPPER 60S TO MID 70S.

&&

.SHORT TERM /6 AM WEDNESDAY MORNING THROUGH FRIDAY/...
THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY SETTLES IMMEDIATELY NORTH OF THE REGION WEDS
AS SHORTWAVE ENERGY EXITS THE NE COAST. OVERALL...THERE IS LITTLE
FORCING IN DEEP LAYER WLY FLOW. SFC TROUGH ALSO LOCATES ALONG THE
IMMEDIATE COAST. WILL RETAIN SLIGHT CHANCE POPS FOR MOST OF THE
AREA...WITH THE EXCEPTION OF LOW END CHANCE POPS CLOSER TO THE
COAST WHERE LOW-LEVEL MOISTURE WILL INTERACT WITH THE SFC TROUGH.
HIGHS FORECAST IN THE UPPER 80S TO LOW 90S. PARTLY CLOUDY AND DRY
CONDITIONS ARE EXPECTED WEDS NIGHT WITH LOWS IN THE UPPER 60S TO
LOW 70S.

THE FRONT SAGS SOUTHWARD INTO THE REGION BY THURSDAY.
MEANWHILE...SHORTWAVE ENERGY IS EXPECTED TO TRACK INTO THE CENTRAL
APPALACHIANS BY THURSDAY AFTERNOON. SHORTWAVE WILL DEVELOP A WAVE
OF LOW PRESSURE OVER ERN NC AS ANOTHER STRONGER AREA OF LOW
PRESSURE ASSOCIATED WITH A STRONGER UPPER WAVE LOCATES OVER THE
MID MS VALLEY. 20-30 POPS THURS MORNING INCREASE TO 40-50 POPS
THURS AFTERNOON AND EVENING...AND CONTINUING THRU THE OVERNIGHT.
PWATS PROGGED TO INCREASE TO 2+ INCHES THURS NIGHT IN DEEP LAYER
SWLY FLOW. ANOMALOUS MOISTURE IN CONCERT WITH SHORTWAVE ENERGY
LIFTING ALONG THE FRONT WILL RESULT IN PERIODS OF MODERATE TO
HEAVY RAINFALL THURS NIGHT. DUE TO THE RECENT RAINFALL (UP TO 600
PCT OF NORMAL THIS PAST WEEK)...MINOR FLOODING IS POSSIBLE AND HAS
BEEN HEADLINED IN THE HWO. 72 HR RAINFALL TOTALS (INCLUDING TODAY)
RANGE FROM OVER AN INCH FROM THE PIEDMONT INTO CENTRAL VIRGINIA TO
THREE QUARTERS OF AN INCH NEAR THE COAST. LOCALIZED HIGHER AMOUNTS
ARE EXPECTED. HIGHS THURS IN THE MID-UPPER 80S. LOWS THURS NIGHT
IN THE MID- UPPER 60S NORTH TO LOW 70S SOUTH.

BOUNDARY AND ANOMALOUS MOISTURE REMAIN OVER THE REGION FRI AS THE
AFOREMENTIONED MID MS VALLEY LOW APPROACHES FROM THE WEST. WILL
MAINTAIN SOLID CHANCE POPS FRI AS SEVERAL WAVES CONTINUE TO SPREAD
OVER THE REGION. HIGHS FRI IN THE LOW-MID 80S (UPPER 70S FAR NW)
UNDER MOSTLY CLOUDY-CLOUDY SKIES.

&&

.LONG TERM /FRIDAY NIGHT THROUGH TUESDAY/...
UPSTREAM BLOCKING PATTERN RESULTS IN LITTLE MOVEMENT OF OVERALL
SYNOPTIC FEATURES THRU THE HOLIDAY WKEND / MED RANGE PERIOD.

MODELS STALL WAVY FRONTAL BNDRY ACROSS THE MID ATLNTC REGION SAT.
GFS WANTS TO PUSH THIS BNDRY INTO NORTH CAROLINA SUN AS WEAK HIGH
PRS BUILDS INTO THE REGION FROM THE NORTH WHILE ECMWF KEEPS THE
BNDRY NEARLY STNRY ACROSS THE RGN. THE BNDRY PROGGED TO LIFT NORTH
AS A WARM FRNT MONDAY WITH A TROF LINGERING ACROSS THE AREA TUESDAY.
THUS LOOK FOR CHC POPS EACH DAY AS TIMING OF ANY ONE DISTURBANCE
RATHER PROBLEMATIC THIS FAR OUT.

HIGHS SAT / SUN IN THE M-U80S...85-90 MON / TUE. LOWS U60S-M70S.

&&

.AVIATION /20Z TUESDAY THROUGH SUNDAY/...
VFR CONDITIONS PERSIST ACROSS AREA TERMINALS THROUGH THE TAF
PERIOD. BEGINNING TO NOTICE SOME CU/SC PUSHING IN FROM THE W/SW
ALONG A WEAK SFC TROUGH. SHRAS/TSTMS ARE PSBL THIS AFTN/EVENG
ESPECIALLY AT RIC/SBY...BUT CHANCE IS TOO LO TO INCLUDE IN THE
TAFS ATTM. WINDS WILL REMAIN S-SW AND COULD SEE AN OCCASIONAL GUST
UP TO ~20 KT THROUGH LATE AFTN. CURRENTLY NOTING NARROW LINE OF
CONVECTION LIFTING NORTHEAST FROM THE WESTERN CAROLINAS. COULD SEE
A BRIEF PERIOD OF SHOWERS TONIGHT AFTER 23Z IN ASSOCIATION WITH
THIS ACTIVITY, AND AS UPPER DISTURBANCE PUSHES ACROSS TONIGHT.
BEST CHANCE WILL BE MAINLY TO THE W OF KRIC. HOWEVER, FORECAST
CONFIDENCE REMAINS LOW THAT THIS CONVECTION WILL IMPACT ANY ONE
TERMINAL AND WITH ANY CONVECTION STILL AT LEAST 6 HRS OFF, HV HELD
OUT OF THE TAF FOR NOW. OUTSIDE OF ANY SHOWERS, EXPECT SOME LOWER
CIGS MOVING IN OVERNIGHT ON SW FLOW, AND DROPPED DOWN TO LOW END
VFR NEAR MVFR CATEGORY OVERNIGHT.

OUTLOOK...A FRNTAL SYSTM SLOWLY APPROACHES FM THE W DURING THE
REST OF THE WEEK. MAINLY VFR CONDS WILL PREVAIL THROUGH THE PERIOD.
THERE WILL BE CHANCES FOR AFTN/EVENG SHRAS/TSTMS EACH DAY WITH THE
HIGHEST CHANCES ON THU AND FRI WITH THE FRONT IN THE VICINITY, BUT
THE PERIOD OF MOST WIDESPREAD RESTRICTION AND CHCS FOR VSBY
RESTRICTIONS COME THURSDAY AFTN/FRIDAY MORNING.

&&

.MARINE...
WILL KEEP CRNT SCA HEADLINES UP FOR THE CHES BAY TONIGHT AS PRS
GRDNT TIGHTENS ENOUGH FOR MARGINAL (15-20 KT) WNDS. GRDNT RELAXES
WED MORNING KEEPING A WEAKER SLY/SWLY FLOW (10-15 KT) THRU WED NIGHT
AHEAD OF AN APPROACHING COLD FRNT. THE FRNT DROPS INTO THE AREA FM
THE NW ON THU...WITH WINDS BCMG LIGHT AND VRBL AS THE FRNT STALLS
THE LIFTS BACK NORTH AS A WARM FRONT THU NIGHT AND FRI. WAVES AVGG
1-2 FT AND SEAS AVGG 2-4 FT THRU THE WEEKEND.

&&

.AKQ WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
MD...NONE.
NC...NONE.
VA...NONE.
MARINE...SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY UNTIL 4 AM EDT WEDNESDAY FOR ANZ630>632-
     634.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...AJZ/MAM
NEAR TERM...AJZ/SAM
SHORT TERM...AJZ/SAM
LONG TERM...MPR
AVIATION...MAS/MAM
MARINE...MPR



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