Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Wakefield, VA

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000 FXUS61 KAKQ 230812 AFDAKQ Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Wakefield VA 412 AM EDT Sun Apr 23 2017 .SYNOPSIS...
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A frontal boundary becomes nearly stationary across the Carolinas today. A strong low pressure system will cross the region through midweek...and bring periods of moderate to heavy rainfall to the region Monday and Tuesday.
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&& .NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...
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Latest upper air analysis features a deepening upper level low digging from the Mid-Mississippi Valley into the Mid-south. This feature will slowly slide e-se into the southeast today. At the surface, quasi-stationary boundary extended from E SC back into the Deep South at 07z. This boundary will slowly edge farther south through the day. Regional radar mosaic showing a widespread light showers moving across the area at 08z. These showers will continue to push E-SE across central and southern VA into NC, as a dampening/weakening upper shortwave drops across. Expect a brief lull in areal coverage of showers around sunrise through mid morning. At that point, expect showers to redevelop as surface low over E TN/N GA pushes across the boundary to the south. Resultant DVPA/weak overrunning moisture should push in our direction and bring another round of showers to the central and southern portions of the area from Mid-morning into the afternoon, eventually reaching the lower MD Eastern Shore this afternoon into the evening hours. POP slowly increases to categorical all zones by this afternoon. QPF today 0.5-1" SW (I-85 corridor)...to a quarter inch or less south of I-64. Light amounts from there north through early evening. Highs upper 50s to low 60s Coastal east...low to mid 50s as cool air wedge sets in over the piedmont.
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&& .SHORT TERM /MONDAY THROUGH TUESDAY NIGHT/...
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A cloudy and wet period to begin the work week. Periods of mdt to hvy rainfall expected Monday night and Tuesday. QPF btwn 1.5 to 3.5 inches (highest across the southern third of the area). Models in general agreement that aforementioned upr-level low cuts off as it tracks SE across the southeast and the coastal Carolinas. System then takes on a neg tilt Mon night that spawns a coastal low off the se coast Monday. Resultant strong coastal front will be conducive for heavy rainfall across the southeast CONUS, which will eventually move in our direction Late Monday night and Tuesday. Look for mainly cloudy skies with periods of mdt to locally hvy rainfall Mon/Tue as copious amounts of deep Atlantic moisture gets entrained north and rotates around the system. Thus, confidence remains high enough to go with likely to categorical pops each period. Kept high pops but low chc thunder along the coast. Highs Mon in the mid 50s-mid 60s except 65-70 sern coastal areas. Lows Mon nite in the upr 40s-lwr 60s. Highs Tue in the lwr 60s-lwr 70s. Hydro wise, no flood headlines anticipated attm with numerous breaks in between bouts of rain expected. Do expect some healthy rises in local river by early next week, especially if the heavy rainfall falls over the headwaters. Given the forecasted QPF and after coord with the RFC, expect minor flooding at Lawrenceville on the Meherrin River by Tue. Again, this based on QPF so plenty of time to adjust if needed. Rain tapers off from south to north Tuesday night as the upper low pivots offshore and NE of the Delmarva overnight into Wednesday morning. Early morning lows 55-60.
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&& .LONG TERM /WEDNESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/... Long term period will feature a trend towards drier and warmer conditions. For Tue night, mid-level cutoff low and associated sfc low start to progress offshore, with some pcpn psbl on the backside of the systm. PoPs range from 20-40%. Warming trend then commences for Wed as deep SWly flow develops across the eastern seaboard, lasting through the end of the week with temps in the 70s Wed reaching the 80s most areas Thu and Fri. && .AVIATION /08Z SUNDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/...
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As of 06Z...An east to west oriented quasi-stationary frontal boundary was oriented to the south of the terminals. North of the front, north/northeast winds and widespread MVFR/IFR ceilings were present in and around the TAF sites. The forecast calls for slow improvement for northern portions overnight into Sunday including SBY/RIC with MVFR deteriorating to IFR elsewhere during the afternoon/evening Sunday 00Z TAF period. The IFR will be mainly due to low ceilings but IFR visibility can be expected during heavier rain. Confidence in details is moderate with indication that temporary improvement may occur from time to time. This will be difficult to pin down time and location wise. Northeast winds will prevail during the period. These winds will occasionally gust to around 20 to 25 knots southeast portions at ORF and ECG. OUTLOOK...A well organized low pressure system will linger just off the Carolina coast from Sunday night into early this coming week. Unsettled weather continues into Tuesday with widespread rainfall falling heavily at times w/degraded aviation conditions. Current forecasts have the low moving off to the northeast Wednesday with a high pressure ridge building into the Southeast States from the Atlantic. Wednesday through Friday are expected to be dry and mainly VFR.
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&& .MARINE...
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Northeast flow prevails over the marine area, between high pressure building into the Northeast and low pressure over the Southeast. Speeds are generally 15-20 knots, with marginal SCA conditions in the bay. Waves generally 2-3 feet and seas 3-6 feet (highest southern coastal waters). High pressure builds in from the northwest today as low pressure remains over the Southeast. Gradient winds relax later this morning into the afternoon, resulting in a brief lull in SCA conditions. Longer reprieve expected in the upper Bay, so have opted to drop the headlines mid morning. In the southern bay, marginal SCA conditions expected today with occasional gusts to 20-23 knots. Gusts of 20-25 knots also expected in the sound and southern coastal waters today. Seas average 4-6 feet. High pressure slides offshore tonight as low pressure slides toward the Southeast coast. The result will be an uptick in northeast winds tonight, with speeds of 15-25 knots. Gusts up to 30 knots in the coastal waters. Seas increase to 5-8 feet. Am concerned guidance is not handling the northeast flow and long period swell the best, so have opted to go above guidance on wave heights. There is the potential for high surf conditions as well, but there remains some uncertainty so have held off on high surf headlines. SCA headlines return for the rivers late tonight. Low pressure slides off the Southeast coast Monday and deepens. Strongest gradient winds begin to expand northward Monday, with speeds of 15-25 knots expected from the mouth of the bay northward. A brief lull is possible for the sound Monday. Seas remain 5-8 feet, but subside to 4-6 feet in the southern coastal waters. Waves 3-6 feet (highest in the mouth of the bay). Low pressure slowly lifts along the Southeast coast Tuesday and offshore the Mid-Atlantic coast Tuesday night. Onshore flow and SCA conditions persist. Seas build upwards of 6-9 feet Tuesday. Flow becomes northerly Tuesday night as speeds diminish at or below 15 knots as the low lifts over the waters. Seas subside to 4-6 feet late Tuesday night. Waves 1-2 feet. The low weakens and lifts away from the region Wednesday as sub-SCA conditions return. Seas forecast to drop below 5 feet late Wednesday. The next front approaches the waters Friday.
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&& .TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING... An extended period of onshore flow will result in increasing tidal departures thru mid week. Tidal departures will reach +1 to 1.5 feet through Sunday night along the Atlantic coast and in the lower Chesapeake Bay and James River. Northeast flow increases Monday, with tidal departures of 1.5 to 2 feet. Minor flooding is expected Monday night thru Tuesday during high tide. Flow becomes offshore Wednesday. && .AKQ WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... MD...None. NC...None. VA...None. MARINE...Small Craft Advisory until 6 AM EDT Monday for ANZ632-634-638- 650-652-654-656-658. Small Craft Advisory until 10 PM EDT this evening for ANZ633. Small Craft Advisory until 10 AM EDT this morning for ANZ630- 631. && $$ SYNOPSIS...MAM NEAR TERM...MAM SHORT TERM...MPR/MAM LONG TERM...MAS AVIATION...MAM/LSA MARINE...MAS/SAM/LSA TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING...

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