Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Boston, MA

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674 FXUS61 KBOX 270830 AFDBOX Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Taunton MA 430 AM EDT Tue Sep 27 2016 .SYNOPSIS... A cold front will cross the region today with a period of showers. This front will stall near the coast late today and tonight keeping the threat for showers along the south coast, Cape Cod and the islands through tonight. A cool, dreary and drizzly pattern maintains into Saturday. Some partial improvement into Sunday prior to return of high pressure from the north with cooler air. && .NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 PM THIS EVENING/... Line of showers moving across western MA/N central CT at 07Z as seen on NE regional 88D radar imagery. Brief, local downpours have been reported over the last couple of hours as the rain moved into the Berkshires. Still noting some heavier rainfall as seen on dual pol instantaneous precip, with local 0.5 to 1 inch rainfall rates there though the area moving steadily NE. As the front moves steadily E this afternoon, conditions will improve from Worcester county and NE CT westward. However, it will run into stalled high pressure along the periphery of high pressure across the western Atlantic. Expect the front to stall either across SE Mass or just offshore by evening. This will keep scattered showers lingering along the coast, along with low clouds and patchy fog. Noting some marginal instability along the south coast, including LIs down to -1 and SB CAPEs up to the 200-400 j/kg range. Can not rule out a few isolated thunderstorms late this morning into the afternoon, but if any do occur should remain offshore. Temps have been slowly rising overnight, with readings mainly in the lower-mid 60s across most areas. With the warm air advection on the S-SW winds in place ahead of the front, temps will rise to between 70 and 75, mildest across the CT valley where some sunshine should break through this afternoon. && .SHORT TERM /6 PM THIS EVENING THROUGH 6 PM WEDNESDAY/... Tonight...High pressure will build down the coast from the Gulf of Maine, bringing a wind shift to NE as well as gusty winds mainly after midnight from Cape Ann down to Plymouth. Scattered showers will linger across SE Mass/RI tonight, but may start to see some showers and patchy drizzle develop and move inland as the onshore winds develop. Some question as to how far inland the shower activity may push, which will be dependent upon a digging long wave trough across the Great Lakes into the Ohio Valley. Held CHC POPs across eastern areas, but can not rule out a few showers further inland overnight though precip amounts will be light. Will also see redevelopment of patchy fog. Overnight lows will range from the upper 40s across the higher inland terrain to around 60s along the immediate coast. Wednesday...Some questions as to how far the moisture plume off the ocean will push inland during the day. Lower confidence on timing and placement of the moisture, though looks like the best shot for any shower activity will continue along with coast. QPF amounts could be up to 0.25 inches across the Cape and islands. Gusty NE winds will make for a raw fall day. Highs will run around 5 degrees below seasonal normals for late September. && .LONG TERM /WEDNESDAY NIGHT THROUGH MONDAY/... */ Highlights... - A cool, dreary, drizzly pattern through Saturday - Possibly salvage a decent day on Sunday prior to a cold front - High pressure and cooler air for next week - Monitoring Invest 97L */ Discussion... Some interesting signals interpreted from the N Hemispheric pattern. Within the W Hemisphere, contributing negative signals from both the EPO and PNA are yielding a prevailing trough pattern over the W and Central CONUS. Meanwhile over the E Hemisphere, a subtle positive trend in the AO / NAO signals a S Greenland / Icelandic low. Between the two: higher heights and ridging prevail. Any energy that wobbles out of the progressive flow regime becomes cut off as is the case for much of the forecast period outlined below. There are also implications upon the N Atlantic High and subsequent steering flow of the tropics, pertinent when monitoring Invest 97L. A lot of unknowns in the forecast especially out through the longer term. A forecast consensus is warranted though greater weight is given towards ensemble probabilistics. Details below. */ Details... Wednesday Night through Early Saturday... Cut off low across the Ohio River Valley E of which expect roughly S to N low to mid level isentropic upslope along the 300-315K surfaces of sub-tropical air off the NW Atlantic with pwats up to 2 inches and decent theta-e content. This both N and aloft of a kinked warm frontal occlusion lying S and offshore of New England as shallow, surface cold air damming prevails along with a component of N flow from high pressure situated over SE Canada. An over-running event with some impetus of deep-layer forcing per individual waves of mid-level energy rotating N across the region round the broader cyclonic flow of the cut off low, beneath mid to upper level diffluence. But closer to the surface, up against cooler drier air associated with high pressure to the N. New England lying within the battleground of airmasses and thus forecast guidance having difficulty coming to consensus on rainfall outcomes. Welcome probabilistic datasets in this instance yielding confidence as to where wet weather is most likely. So in all, expect a cloudy, dreary, drizzly at times, cool pattern for the period with unseasonable cooler than average temperatures. Likely bouts of widespread showers with embedded heavier downpours with the focus more towards the S. Chance to likely showers N-S with little mention of thunder as the warm frontal occlusion lies S. If all goes well, some places over a 48 hour period could see upwards of +2 inches of rain, again greatest confidence S of the Mass Pike. Bulk of the heavier rain Friday into Saturday as mid level energy focuses convergence of deep layer moisture along the lifting warm frontal occlusion towards the S shore of New England. Later Saturday through Sunday... Drier air entraining as the cut off low is kicked back N into the progressive flow regime, deamplifying and transitioning into a positively-tilted trough axis. Offshore warm frontal occlusion kicks back N perhaps giving us a decently mild day for Sunday prior to the cold front sweeping the region late into Sunday evening with some light showery weather and blustery W winds during the transition process. Next week... A fair amount of weather features to evaluate. High pressure builds S out of Canada along with some cooler air aloft towards midweek. Coolest conditions around the early week period before the airmass moderates ahead of a deep trough axis emerging out of the W/Central CONUS. It`s prior to this as the mid to upper level low transition out that the combination of diurnal heating beneath cyclonic flow aloft yields to daytime shower activity. Will keep some PoP chances for the Monday and Tuesday daytime timeframe. Way too early to say much on Invest 97L. Not ignoring track guidance there still remains considerable spatial and temporal spread within the breadth of guidance, though good agreement that the system will strengthen into our next named tropical disturbance. Keeping an eye on the system, staying situationally aware and informed, but not jumping on any one particular solution. && .AVIATION /08Z TUESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/... Forecaster Confidence Levels. Low - less than 30 percent. Moderate - 30 to 60 percent. High - greater than 60 percent. Short Term /through Wednesday/... Today...Moderate confidence, mainly for timing. CIGS lowering to MVFR-IFR as showers move across the region from W-E through the morning. Areas of MVFR-IFR VSBYS in patchy fog. Conditions will improve to VFR across central and western areas from 15Z-18Z as clouds and showers shift E. Front stalls near the coast by around midday with areas of MVFR-IFR conditions, lowest along the south coast, Cape Cod and the islands. Will see brief S-SW wind gusts to 25 kt this morning along the south coast. Tonight and Wednesday...Moderate confidence. MVFR-IFR conditions continue across south coastal areas, then low clouds and patchy fog will expand westward overnight. May see some spotty showers lingering across central and western areas Wednesday, but MVFR- IFR CIGS/VSBYS will linger across E MA into RI through at least midday. Scattered showers will linger through the day with brief local MVFR conditions. KBOS TAF...High confidence in trends but lower confidence in timing. Periods of IFR CIGS are possible from 11Z-18Z. KBDL TAF...High confidence in trends but lower confidence in timing. May see period of IFR CIGS through 14Z today. Outlook /Wednesday Night through Sunday/...Moderate confidence. Overall a persistent N/NE flow with gusts up to 30 kts at times. Expect a mix of MVFR-IFR with likely drizzle and scattered to widespread SHRA activity, especially over S/SW New England terminals. Possible LLWS issues, more closer towards Saturday with winds at the surface remaining out of the N, but out of the S at 2 kft agl. && .MARINE... Forecaster Confidence Levels. Low - less than 30 percent. Moderate - 30 to 60 percent. High - greater than 60 percent. Short Term /through Wednesday/...High confidence. Today...Have extended small crafts through midday across the south bays and sounds as S-SW winds gust up to 25-30 kt. Expect the gusts to diminish by early afternoon. Seas build up to 5-6 ft mainly on the southern waters to east of Cape Cod which will continue through the afternoon on the outer waters. Visibility restrictions in areas of showers and patchy fog, which will linger through the day on the southern waters to east of Cape Cod. Low risk for a few thunderstorms over southern waters. Tonight...S-SW winds shift to NE from N-S as high pressure noses across the waters from the north. Will see gusts up to around 25 kt after midnight, mainly on the eastern waters. Seas around 5 ft on the southern waters, but beginning to build late on the eastern waters. Expect reduced vsbys scattered showers and patchy fog, especially SE waters. Small crafts will be needed again late tonight. Wednesday...NE winds gusting to 25-30 kt, highest on the eastern waters. Seas building up to 5-7 ft. Scattered showers with locally reduced vsbys, along with patchy fog early. Outlook /Wednesday Night through Sunday/...Moderate confidence. Persistent N/NE flow with gusts to near gale force at times will make for steady wave heights around 6 to 9 feet on the waters away from inner harbors and sounds. Strongest wave action is likely over the E/SE waters and over the far SW waters. Visibility restrictions more than likely given dreary, drizzly conditions forecast with embedded scattered to widespread showers. && .BOX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... CT...None. MA...None. RI...None. MARINE...Small Craft Advisory until 2 PM EDT this afternoon for ANZ232. Small Craft Advisory until noon EDT today for ANZ233-234. Small Craft Advisory until 2 PM EDT this afternoon for ANZ235- 237. Small Craft Advisory until 4 PM EDT this afternoon for ANZ250. Small Craft Advisory until 5 PM EDT Wednesday for ANZ254>256. && $$ SYNOPSIS...Sipprell/EVT NEAR TERM...EVT SHORT TERM...EVT LONG TERM...Sipprell AVIATION...Sipprell/EVT MARINE...Sipprell/EVT

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