Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Boston, MA

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597 FXUS61 KBOX 180206 AFDBOX Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Taunton MA 1006 PM EDT Mon Jul 17 2017 .SYNOPSIS... Other than a shower or thundershower late this evening across northwestern Massachusetts, mainly dry but humid conditions are expected overnight. A spot shower or thundershower, with the humidity continuing, is expected Wednesday and Thursday. Drier, less humid air overspreads the area beginning Friday and then turning cooler into the weekend. Unsettled weather in the form of showers and thunderstorms may return sometime Sunday into Monday. && .NEAR TERM /UNTIL 5 AM TUESDAY MORNING/... 10 PM Update... Another evening of active weather as strong thunderstorm line begins to enter into western MA. Several inches of rainfall has already occurred across the Hudson River Valley with these storms. In fact a few sites near Schenectady had over 3 inches. So heavy rainfall is something to watch over the next few hours especially since almost an inch of rain has fallen across immediate western Franklin county. A flood warning is in effect because of what has already fallen and what could occur. The latest hi-res guidance continues to push more precip into the region overnight then what this forecast believes will occur. Especially as the southern portion of the line continues to dry up and cloud tops are finally warming. Still plenty of moisture and upper level jet dynamics to keep this line together as it moves into Franklin and Hampshire counties. ML CAPE values are still above 500 J/KG and mid-level lapse rates are still about 6 C/KM. Will continue to watch for hail and gusty wind potential, but feel the main threat continues to be heavy rainfall as PWAT values are over 1.8 inches. Aside from updates as a result to ongoing weather, the overall trend in the forecast remains on track. Previous Discussion... Otherwise, moisture will remain trapped in the low lvls as dwpts will hold in the low-mid 60s, suggesting mins will also fall to these values. Will need to watch for another round of fog/marine stratus which will move onshore under the S flow late this evening and overnight. Highest likelihood for visibilities at or below half a mile will be the Cape/Islands, but it is possible portions of SE MA/RI may see dense fog as well. Given the uncertainty with how far inland these impacts will occur, will hold off on any dense fog advisories at this time, but issue an SPS as a heads up. Dense fog advisories may need to be issued by late evening. && .SHORT TERM /5 AM TUESDAY MORNING THROUGH TUESDAY NIGHT/... Tomorrow... Any fog/low stratus will gradually erode off from N-S through the morning, although may once again linger Cape/Islands. Although mid lvls will actually warm during the day, will be going with high temps a bit cooler than today due to the lingering clouds and slower start to the mixing. Still, mid 80s are likely mainly across interior MA/CT/RI with cooler values closest to the S coast where onshore flow will continue. Otherwise, the much weakened shortwave will be pivoting W-E through the region during the morning-mid afternoon time frame. However, heights continue to rise (given the wave is weakening) and K-values actually drop as soundings suggest overall drying through the column. Still afternoon warming and high low lvl dwpts will once again yield some CAPE (mainly at or below 1000j/kg) across the interior and N portions of MA/CT. This could yield spotty shower/t-storm development, but the capping inversion and drying are red-flags suggesting little development is possible. The overall lack of decent forcing and shear also mitigate the risk, hence maintenance of the General Thunder on SWODY2 rather than any upgrades for a severe threat. POPs reflect these mitigating factors, mainly slight to low chance. Tomorrow night... Any diurnally driven SHRA/TSRA should diminish during the evening hours given an already lackluster setup for convective development. Other than remnant clouds from any development, the combination of a shift in winds to the W behind the exiting shortwave, and a very dry column aloft should mitigate overnight cloud cover. The W flow will also limit the onshore movement of any marine stratus and fog, likely limiting it mainly to the Cape/Islands if at all. However, high dwpts remain an issue, so overnight ground fog may be an issue more for the interior rather than coastal issues tomorrow night, especially if any breaks in the remaining clouds and weak flow lead to any attempt at late night radiational cooling. The dwpts remaining in the low-mid 60s suggest this will once again be the floor for overnight mins. Otherwise, a few warmer spots possible at the typical urban heat islands. && .LONG TERM /WEDNESDAY THROUGH MONDAY/... Highlights... * Very warm and muggy Wednesday and Thursday * Trending less humid Fri and then not as warm Sat/Sun * Potentially unsettled weather returns Sunday into early next week Overview... Weak short wave ridging moves across the area Wed but it`s then short lived as Northeast trough reloads with lowering heights across New England as vortex moves thru Hudson Bay into northern Quebec. This will shunt the summer heat and humidity south of New England beginning Fri, continuing into the weekend and early next week. The transition to cooler/less humid weather will be accompanied by a series of weak short waves/cool fronts Wed & Thu, yielding a low risk for a few storms each afternoon/evening especially well inland. Dailies... Wed and Thu... Very warm with ensembles and deterministic guidance offering +17c airmass at 850 mb and +24c at 925 mb streaming across the region. Thus two more good beaches coming up with highs 85-90 inland (few low 90s possible) and 80-85 at the beaches. Mainly dry weather both days but each day weak short wave troughs/cool fronts approach the region from the NW. This may result in a few storms late in the day across the interior with a slightly higher risk Thu. Nonetheless, most areas remain dry both days. Friday and Saturday... Cooling trend with core of cooler airmass over the region Fri night into Saturday morning. However still very warm Friday with 850 temps 0f +17c and +24c at 925 mb. This will yield highs of 85-90. Fortunately dew pts will be in the 50s making the heat somewhat more tolerable. By Saturday temps cool off a bit (+15C at 850 mb +20c at 925 mb) and could be the pick of the week and weekend with dry weather, dew pts in the 50s and temps in the low to mid 80s. Sunday and Monday... Ensembles and deterministic guidance agree on new jet energy diving into the Great Lakes and eventually advecting into New England. This will increase to risk for more widespread showers/T-storms. Temp near normal but humid with dew pts likely in the 60s. && .AVIATION /02Z TUESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/... Forecaster Confidence Levels... Low - less than 30 percent. Moderate - 30 to 60 percent. High - greater than 60 percent. Short Term /through Tuesday Night/... 7 PM update... Not much change from 18z TAFs - T-storms will be confined to western MA and will weaken with sunset. Focus then shifts toward southeast MA and RI where IFR-LIFR cigs and vsbys may come onshore later tonight in the form of fog and stratus. Earlier discussion below. =================================================================== Overnight...Moderate confidence. VFR gradually gives way to a mix of MVFR mainly across interior MA/CT with a risk for IFR/LIFR anywhere S of a line from IJD-BOS in low CIGS/fog. Some uncertainty on how far north the IFR/LIFR conditions will get, hence the lower confidence. Low risk for a spot shower, mainly interior. Winds mainly S, but light. Tomorrow and tomorrow night...Moderate confidence. Areas of IFR/MVFR will gradually dissipate through the morning from N-S possibly lingering Cape/ACK/MVY through most of the day. S winds continue with weak sea breezes possible E coast. Spot SHRA/TSRA possible mainly MA/CT interior, but many may stay dry. Overnight, another possible advancement of IFR/LIFR conditions from SE MA into SE MA/RI. KBOS Terminal...Moderate confidence in TAF. Influence of sea breeze lingers through evening, yielding SE flow. Risk for some lower categories overnight, mainly MVFR in a mix of fog or lower CIGS. Lower risk still of IFR/LIFR conditions which will be moving up from the S coast mainly after midnight. KBDL Terminal...Moderate confidence in TAF. Uncertain timing of fog/lower CIGS late tonight, as well as whether any IFR/LIFR conditions are experienced. Outlook /Wednesday through Saturday/... Wednesday through Saturday...Moderate confidence. Mainly VFR this period. Isolated shower/T-storm possible each afternoon/evening Wed and Thu. Dry weather should prevail Fri and Sat. && .MARINE... FORECASTER CONFIDENCE LEVELS... Low - less than 30 percent. Moderate - 30 to 60 percent. High - greater than 60 percent. Short Term /through Tuesday Night/...High confidence. Winds remain light S-SE through tomorrow, then shift around to the S-SW by tomorrow night. Gusts should remain generally at 15 kt or less through the entire period, allowing seas also to remain at or below 3 ft. No headlines planned. Some fog overnight tonight, especially across S and SE waters, with visibilities at or below a quarter of a mile at times possible. Outlook /Wednesday through Saturday/...moderate confidence. Fairly quiet weather with light winds and tranquil seas. Low risk of a few late day storms Wed and Thu. Mainly dry Fri and Sat. && .BOX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... CT...None. MA...None. RI...None. MARINE...None. && $$ SYNOPSIS...Nocera/Doody NEAR TERM...Doody/Dunten SHORT TERM...Doody LONG TERM...Nocera AVIATION...Nocera/Doody MARINE...Nocera/Doody

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