Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Boston, MA

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000 FXUS61 KBOX 210625 AFDBOX Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Taunton MA 225 AM EDT Fri Jul 21 2017 .SYNOPSIS... After some wet weather tonight, one more day of hot and humid weather for Friday. Cooler and drier air moves in for Friday night. Warm and dry Saturday. Cooler, and more humid but with unsettled weather follows for Sunday through Tuesday. && .NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM THIS MORNING/...
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Overnight trend in the forecast remains on track for early this morning. Surface trough and weak wave at 700 mb continues to push through the region and should be offshore by day break. Still cannot rule out a few isolated showers and/or thunderstorms especially across SE MA and over the southern waters. This region continues to have the higher dewpoints (above 70F) resulting in more unstable airmass. 850 mb LLJ is still strengthen with the nose focused across the cape and the islands keeping the convection risk through the night. Otherwise a dry forecast for the remainder of the region tonight. Aside from any precip chances, fog continues to impact portions of the area. Highest risk is across the south coast. Nantucket remains to be socked in with vsbys below a half of a mile and thus will let the dense fog advisory ride through the early morning hours.
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&& .SHORT TERM /6 AM THIS MORNING THROUGH 6 PM SATURDAY/... Friday... One more day of heat and humidity. Little if any lifting and forcing mechanisms, looking like a quiet day beneath a fairly dry airmass. The boundary layer mixing out to around H85 where temperatures of +16-17C still reside, should see scattered cumulus develop as both drier air and faster westerlies mix down to the surface. Highs upper 80s to low 90s with mid to upper 60s at first quickly mixing out to upper 50s to low 60s. This will limit heat indices from climbing into the mid 90s. No HEAT ADVISORY headlines are being considered with this forecast. Friday night... Turning cooler and drier. Low to mid level cool-dry front sweeps S/E. Winds shifting NW ushering in drier air with a slightly cool airmass aloft. Humidity dropping beneath some scattered to broken cloud decks. Lows dropping into the low to mid 60s with a few spots N/W in the upper 50s. && .LONG TERM /SATURDAY NIGHT THROUGH THURSDAY/... Highlights... * Sat: Dry and very warm afternoons but with lower humidity * Sun into Tue: Cooler than normal + unsettled with showers at times * Drying trend likely by the middle of next week Overview and model preferences... Noting that the time-mean jet remains firmly entrenched across New England through the long term period. This generally has two consequences, one being the inability to get true subtropical warmth into New England and the second being the continuation of a relatively active pattern. As the previous forecaster noted, this by no means suggests a washout. The first Canadian vortex shifts from the Ungava Bay region offshore of Newfoundland-Labrador by the end of the weekend. This will initially yield more zonal flow, but it is short lived as a second wave phases and re-deepens the longwave trof in place across the NE CONUS. This trof remains the key synoptic player in sensible wx details across the region through much of next week, and its trof center`s location with respect to S New England will determine whether the active, wet pattern continues or drier air is allowed to move in. Details... Sat... Current indicators suggest that with the vortex to the N shifting E, this allows a ridge of high pres to move into New England, keeping the slow moving frontal boundary well to the S and limiting destabilization somewhat thanks to subsidence and a dry air intrusion which lower overall lapse rates and moisture (lowered K- indices). Therefore, will maintain a mostly dry forecast for the day on Sat. The ridging and afternoon mixing will provide a bit of relief in afternoon dewpoints, possibly mixing them down into the upper 50s. H85 temps, should be reached, and given they run around +16C, afternoon highs could be as warm as near 90 where downsloping is maximized, mid-upper 80s elsewhere. Sat night into Sun... Will need to watch another MCC develop in the Great Lakes region and gradually shift along and S of the stalled frontal boundary through the OH Valley to the mid Atlantic states. Given the better thermodynamic parameters remain S of this stalled front, and weak lapse rates remain in place, am not too keen on nocturnal convection, as this is a typical case where the best instability/moisture will pull the MCC to the SW of New England. However, one factor to consider as we approach will be the remnant cold pool and whether a weak cold pool low pres could allow the remnants of the system to slide E, or re-form convection in situ. Will keep POPs mainly S through the overnight hours, but will still need to monitor this as we approach given the close proximity. Otherwise, noting an attempt to lift the front N on Sun, and with the additional moisture load could see a round of SHRA develop but given weak lapse rates remain and better CAPE remains to the S, only looking at a spot TS if at all. Still relatively unsettled, and should the front shift further N than currently progged, it has the possibility of being more active. Generally cooler (mainly 70s to around 80 for highs) with more clouds to contend with, but dewpoints will generally be higher thanks to the increase in column moisture. Mon into Tue... With deepening trof move in aloft, am noting guidance in favor of developing weak slow moving low pres which will gradually pivot across the region during this 48-hour period. Given some cooling aloft with the trof, am noting a slight increase in lapse rates along with CAPE values. Shear does increase too thanks to cyclonic curvature yielding stronger directional shear. Overall, a window of potential continuing unsettled wx with a mix of showers and occasional T-storms. Not a washout, as dry air will rotate into the region at times as the low pres moves. However, some heavy rain possible given PWATS hover near 1.50 inches. Not a great setup for severe wx, but given the shear/slightly higher lapse rates this still may need to be watched. Another, mitigating factor may be clouds, which are likely to be dominant (with generally a few breaks of sun). Highs likely remain at or below normal thanks to the cloud cover while overnight mins should rest in the 60s thanks to sustained dwpts. More to come given the uncertainty in development of the weak low pres. Wed into late next week... Base of trof finally shifts E of the region allowing for ridging and attendant NW flow. This drying and influence of high pres associated with the ridge should allow for a trend of drying/less unsettled wx for the late week period. Will trend dwpts down suggesting more comfortable conditions and mainly dry/NIL POPS. && .AVIATION /06Z FRIDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/...
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Forecaster Confidence Levels... Low - less than 30 percent. Moderate - 30 to 60 percent. High - greater than 60 percent. Short Term /through Saturday/...High confidence. Before 12z... VFR, outside of ACK where IFR conditions will remain most of the night. MVFR vsbys across the south coast will improve by the morning. Today and tonight... VFR conditions through the period. Patchy MVFR vsbys across the Cape and Islands once again tonight. W/SW winds continuing with gusts up to 20 kts this afternoon. Tomorrow... Mainly VFR. High level cirrus by the afternoon. A spot shower possible across CT late in the day. KBOS Terminal... Low risk of SHRA/TSRA activity into evening. Otherwise VFR. KBDL Terminal... RA possible this evening. Will continue with VCSH. Lower risk of TSRA. Outlook /Saturday Night through Tuesday/... Sun through Tue...Low confidence. VFR will likely dominate especially inland, however a complex mix of clouds, occasional SHRA and isolated TSRA could lead to occasional dips to MVFR/IFR. Otherwise, some clouds and fog may lead to low CIGS/VSBYS (especially along the coast) to yield periodic IFR/MVFR conditions as well. Timing uncertain.
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&& .MARINE...
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FORECASTER CONFIDENCE LEVELS... Low - less than 30 percent. Moderate - 30 to 60 percent. High - greater than 60 percent. Short Term /through Saturday/... Through tonight... Breezy W/SW flow continues. Scattered showers and thunderstorms possible off the waters off NE MA and S CT. Waves below 4 feet. Renewed fog forecast along the near-shore S-coast, especially around Nantucket. Friday through Friday night... W/SW winds through the day dissipating fog. Will shift W/NW overnight ushering in drier air. Gusts below 20 kts. Seas below 4 feet. Outlook /Saturday Night through Tuesday/... Sat and Sun...High confidence. Mainly quiet boating weather expected. Winds although shifting from mainly W-SW to the E on Sun, should remain below 20 kt. Seas too, remain low, mainly 3 ft or less on the ocean waters. Only caveat could be a localized shower or thunderstorm, which may exhibit stronger winds/higher seas locally. Mon and Tue...Moderate confidence. With a risk for low pres slowly approaching then moving over the waters seas may build in response to nearly 5 ft on the ocean waters. Winds are likely to generally remain below small craft advisory thresholds, but given the risk for higher seas, headlines may be needed for a time during this period.
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&& .BOX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
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CT...None. MA...Dense Fog Advisory until 5 AM EDT early this morning for MAZ024. RI...None. MARINE...None.
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&& $$ SYNOPSIS...Doody/Sipprell NEAR TERM...Dunten SHORT TERM...Sipprell LONG TERM...Doody AVIATION...Doody/Dunten MARINE...Doody/Sipprell

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