Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Cleveland, OH

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000 FXUS61 KCLE 211129 AFDCLE Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Cleveland OH 629 AM EST Tue Nov 21 2017 .SYNOPSIS... Low pressure north of Lake Superior will move eastward across Ontario today. A cold front extending south from the low will move across the region Tuesday evening. High pressure will take control of the region on Wednesday and persist into Thursday Night. && .NEAR TERM /THROUGH WEDNESDAY/... Only minor changes have been made to hourly temperatures and cloud cover to reflect current trends. Strongest portion of the low level jet will lift out onto Lake Erie through the morning. As the morning mix begins some of this wind will move to the surface with gusts 30 to 35 mph common through the morning. Previous Discussion... Gusty southwesterly winds will continue into the afternoon as we await the arrival of a cold front. The cold front will cross the are this evening. It should pick moisture up off of Lake Erie with showers most numerous across NE OH/NW PA generally from Cleveland to Erie. Temperatures drop quickly in the wake of the front with rain changing over to snow after midnight. Any accumulations will be on the light side. The greatest accumulations may be an inch or 2 across the hills of NW PA, generally from Edinboro to Wattsburg. High pressure will take control of the area by Wednesday afternoon with any lake effect snow showers across NW PA ending. It will be warm today with highs 50 to 55. Cooler On Wednesday with highs dipping back to the middle 30s. && .SHORT TERM /WEDNESDAY NIGHT THROUGH FRIDAY NIGHT/... Surface high pressure will be in control from Wednesday night through Friday. Skies will initially be partly cloudy Wednesday night, but as more and more of the moisture gets scoured out Thursday into Friday, skies will become mostly clear. The one exception will be across extreme northeast Ohio and northwest Pennsylvania where the clouds will persist a bit longer. Overall the weather looks benign for Thanksgiving day with southwest winds around 10 to 15 mph and high temperatures in the upper 30s to near 40, except the middle 30s across inland northwest Pennsylvania. Clouds will begin to increase from northwest to southeast Friday evening into Friday night ahead of an approaching trough and associated cold front. With the frontal passage holding off until Friday night highs will be able to rise into the lower 40s across inland northwest Pennsylvania and the middle to upper 40s elsewhere. There won`t be a ton of moisture available ahead of this cold front, so just how widespread the precipitation will be is still a bit of a question. Currently have widespread chance PoPs across the region with some likely PoPs over part of Lake Erie. The best chances for precipitation will be across northern areas. Precipitation is expected to remain in the form of rain through Friday night. && .LONG TERM /SATURDAY THROUGH MONDAY/... Rain showers will be ongoing across the far eastern part of the forecast area Saturday morning in the wake of the cold front. A secondary cold front will filter in the colder air Saturday afternoon. Winds will initially be out of the west-southwest Saturday morning but will turn around to the northwest by late Saturday evening into Saturday night as a large upper-level trough becomes anchored over the region. This will kick off the lake-effect snow machine with 850mb temperatures dropping to around -10C by Saturday night. Precipitation should transition from a mix over to all snow at some point Saturday night. On and off lake-effect snow is then expected to continue from Saturday night through Sunday night. Multiple short wave troughs will round the base of the larger trough with the lake-effect snow bands moving around with the passage of each short wave. Some accumulating snow is expected across the Snowbelt as there will be ample moisture available within the snow growth zone, inversion heights topping out around 10k feet, a lake surface to 850mb delta T of around 20C, and little directional shear. Still too far out to get into any more specifics at this point. The lake-effect snow should start coming to an end Monday as a large ridge begins to move in from the west and a surface high moves in from the southwest. This will back winds around to the west by Monday afternoon and the southwest by Monday night. The combination of the upper-level ridge and high pressure should make for dry conditions once the lake-effect snow ends Monday with dry weather continuing into Tuesday. A bit of a roller coaster ride is in store for the temperatures through the long term. Highs Saturday will be in the mid to upper 40s prior to the passage of the secondary cold front. Highs will generally be around freezing Sunday and only a smidge warmer Monday. As warm air advection returns Monday night into Tuesday highs will rise back into the middle 40s for Tuesday. Low temperatures will be in the 20s throughout the long term. && .AVIATION /12Z Tuesday THROUGH Saturday/... Strongest portion of the low level jet will move out onto Lake Erie through the morning. Have placed a mention of low level wind shear at all TAF sites with surface wind gusts under 25 knots. Looks like southwesterly winds around 2000 feet will be around 45 knots. The gusty winds will continue into at least early afternoon with 30 to 35 knots possible. Winds shift to the northwest in the wake of the cold front and decrease slightly. Otherwise we will await the arrival of a cold front. Current thinking is that the cold front crosses the area during the evening with a period of showers. The better chances of showers will be downwind of Lake Erie from Cleveland to Erie. MVFR conditions are expected with the showers. The MVFR conditions will persist into the overnight hours as temperatures drop. A short period of lake effect snow will be possible across the snowbelt of NE OH/NW PA. Away from this area ceilings will slowly lift and dissipate. OUTLOOK...Non-VFR conditions will likely linger across NE OH/NW PA into Wednesday evening. The next chance for non-VFR conditions looks like it will arrive with a cold front on Saturday. && .MARINE... Small Craft Advisories remain in effect for the entire lake this morning as strong southwest winds of 20 to 25 knots continue. Winds may increase a touch more later this morning into early this afternoon before they veer around to the west by this evening and the northwest by tonight. The Small Craft Advisory for the Western Basin has been extended through late this evening as winds will continue to remain around 20 to 25 knots through the entire period with waves increasing to 3 to 5 feet for a brief period this evening into early tonight as winds turn around to the northwest. As winds turn around to the northwest waves will increase everywhere along the lakeshore so the Small Craft Advisory for the rest of the lake continues through Wednesday. Winds will gradually diminish to light west and southwest by Wednesday night. Southwest flow will return and increase Thursday, diminish slightly Thursday night, and strengthen once again for Friday into the weekend. A small craft advisory will likely be needed during this time period. && .CLE WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... OH...None. PA...None. MARINE...Small Craft Advisory until 3 PM EST Wednesday for LEZ145>149. Small Craft Advisory until 10 PM EST this evening for LEZ142>144. && $$ SYNOPSIS...Mullen NEAR TERM...Mullen SHORT TERM...Mottice LONG TERM...Mottice AVIATION...Mullen MARINE...Mottice is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.