Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS State College, PA

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000 FXUS61 KCTP 280552 AFDCTP Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service State College PA 152 AM EDT THU JUL 28 2016 .SYNOPSIS... A weak trough to our north and the subtropical ridge to our south have setup a frontal boundary just to our south. This boundary will move northward as a shortwave moves over the ridge Thursday night. This should produce some rain Thursday into Friday. Behind this system system slightly cooler air aloft moves over the region. But the ridge may begin to build to our west again early next week. && .NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM THIS MORNING/...
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Moisture and clouds slowly increasing from the southwest overnight with showers increasing over the Laurels through the pre dawn hours. Overnight lows mainly near 60 in northwest to lower 70s southeast.
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&& .SHORT TERM /6 AM THIS MORNING THROUGH 6 PM FRIDAY/... Tomorrow clouds increase in southern and central areas. Increased moisture will produce haze. Best chance rain in southwestern areas. Chance of rain will increase southwest to northeast during the day. But most guidance continues to imply most of northern PA should be rain free most of the day. Best chance in south and southwest. && .LONG TERM /FRIDAY NIGHT THROUGH WEDNESDAY/... In the medium to long-range period...conditions slowly revert to near normal in temp and precip as several chunks of short wave energy in the westerly flow aloft helps to carve out a mean 500 mb trough axis over the Glakes and Ohio Valley region during the Thu- Fri timeframe. The peak in unsettled weather (with perhaps some periods of down- right rainy conditions) occurs Thursday night and Friday as a well-defined wave of sfc-850 mb low pressure lifts ENE out of the Ohio Valley and heads across the I-95 Megalopolis. Followed a blend of EC/GEFS/superblend and NBM guidance for that particular 24-36 hour period to arrive at likely pops for rain and scattered TSRA. Some uncertainty in timing and areal coverage of the convection led us to undercut the NBM by 10-20 percent for now, recognizing issues with large scale model convective parameterization schemes (and subsequent exaggeration of the areal coverage and broader qpf amounts) means that we`ll likely see more concentrated areas/bands of heavy convection, compared to the model depicted, larger cold season stratiform look to the precip shield. Portions of Southern and Central PA...close to the track of the 1006-1008 mb sfc low will likely see some localized heavy 1-2 inch,12-24 hour rainfall amounts by Friday afternoon...with even the potential for some pinpoint heavier amounts from embedded TSRA, as a tongue of 2 inch pwat air lifts north and wraps cyclonically into sern PA and the Lower Susq Valley. For later Friday through the upcoming weekend, a large area of high pressure (1020-1024 mb) near the border of southern Quebec and Ontario will try to push drier air south into the Mid Atlantic Region. Another...apparently weaker wave of low pressure at the sfc and aloft lifts NE out of the Ohio Valley over the weekend and brings an enhanced chc for showers. Slight diffs in timing/location exist between the EC/GEFS and NBM guidance. However...the target period for the best chc of showers and isolated to sctd TSRA appears to be late Sat into Sunday. Afterward, heights begin to rise from the southwest, accompanied by a ridge of surface high pressure building east into PA with mainly dry conditions and a rebound in temps for early next week. && .AVIATION /06Z THURSDAY THROUGH MONDAY/... VFR conditions across the region this evening. Expecting some fog to develop overnight...affecting most airfields with MVFR conditions. IFR conditions were introduced int KBFD TAF, following the lead of what`s happened there for the last several nights, with a low IFR stratus deck developing in the pre-dawn hours. Morning fog/haze will lift early Thursday. Showers and isolated thunderstorms could move into the area from the southwest. With POPs generally less than 50 percent, and scattered nature of the rain, have left out of TAFs except for a VCSH in KJST for now. More restrictions possible overnight Thursday into Friday with the potential for rain and thunderstorms along with fog. Conditions expected to improve Friday into the weekend. OUTLOOK... THU...Some restrictions possible in morning fog, and scattered SHRA/TSRA, especially southwest. FRI...Some restrictions in SHRA/TSRA and patchy fog. SAT-SUN...Mainly VFR. && .CTP WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... None. && $$ SYNOPSIS...Grumm/Ross NEAR TERM...DeVoir SHORT TERM...Grumm LONG TERM...Lambert/Gartner AVIATION...Jung

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