Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Wilmington, NC

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000 FXUS62 KILM 201039 AFDILM AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WILMINGTON NC 639 AM EDT SUN APR 20 2014 .SYNOPSIS... AN OFFSHORE STORM SYSTEM WILL CONTINUE TO BRING OCCASIONAL RAIN TODAY AND DECREASING CLOUDS ON MONDAY. A COLD FRONT MAY BRING ANOTHER ROUND OF PRECIPITATION LATE TUESDAY FOLLOWED BY A GRADUAL WARMUP FOR THE REMAINDER OF THE WEEK. && .NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...
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AS OF 600 AM SUNDAY...ANOTHER DREARY AND COOL DAY IS IN STORE FOR THE EASTERN CAROLINAS. THE STIFF NE WINDS WILL ADD INSULT TO INJURY. EXPECT CLOUDS WILL HANG ON THROUGH THE DAY...WITH CLEARER SKIES HOLDING NOT TOO FAR TO OUR W AND SW...BUT UNABLE TO MAKE ANY DECENT EASTWARD PROGRESSION AS ATLANTIC LOW PRESSURE AND ITS ASSOCIATED TROUGH...CUTOFF FROM THE MEAN FLOW...DRIFT EVER SO SLOWLY SEAWARD THROUGH TONIGHT. THE COLUMN DOES SLOWLY DRY OUT ABOVE A PRONOUNCED NEAR SURFACE INVERSION. HOWEVER...THE SATURATED LAYER NEVER SHRINKS TO A DEPTH LESS THAN ABOUT 2 KFT...THUS EXPECT CLOUDS WILL AGAIN HANG ON THROUGH THE PERIOD. ALTHOUGH WE WILL LARGELY BE ON THE BACKSIDE OR SUBSIDENT SIDE OF THE LOW CENTER...PROXIMITY OF SURFACE TROUGH AND WEAK PERTURBATIONS ROTATING AROUND THE UPPER LOW WILL NECESSITATE KEEPING MENTION OF POPS IN THE FORECAST INTO TONIGHT. HIGHEST POPS SEEM WARRANTED THROUGH MIDDAY...UP TO CATEGORICAL WITH POPS TRENDING LOWER THROUGH THE AFTERNOON. TONIGHT...THE CIRCULATION AROUND THE UPPER LOW MOVES PROGRESSIVELY FURTHER AWAY FROM THE AREA WITH SOME RIDGING BUILDING TO THE COAST LATE AT NIGHT AND ON MON. THUS THE DOWNWARD TREND IN POPS WILL CONTINUE WITH ONLY A SLIGHT CHANCE INLAND DURING THE EVE. POPS ALONG THE COAST WILL ALSO TREND TO SLIGHT CHANCE...ALTHOUGH AT A SLIGHTLY SLOWER PACE. THERE WILL BE A TIGHT PRESSURE GRADIENT BETWEEN THE LOW CENTER AND TROUGH OFFSHORE AND THE STRONG HIGH PRESSURE CENTER ACROSS EASTERN NEW ENGLAND...RIDGING INTO THE CAROLINAS. THE RESULT...NE WINDS ON THE ORDER OF 15 TO 25 MPH WITH GUSTS IN EXCESS OF 30 MPH. THE BEACHES MAY EXPERIENCE WIND GUSTS NEAR 40 MPH. THESE WINDS WILL BE TRENDING LOWER THROUGH THE LATE AFTERNOON AND EVE...BUT EVEN TONIGHT...WINDS WILL BE 10 TO 20 MPH MOST OF THE TIME. TEMPS TODAY WILL BE WELL BELOW NORMAL...WILL CAP THEM IN THE LOWER 60S GIVEN THERE WILL BE NO HELP FROM THE SUN TO BOOST THEM ANY HIGHER. TONIGHT...CLOUD COVER AND WINDS...ALLOWING FOR A RATHER WELL MIXED ENVIRONMENT...SHOULD PREVENT TEMPS FROM DROPPING BELOW THE MID AND UPPER 40S.
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&& .SHORT TERM /MONDAY THROUGH TUESDAY NIGHT/...
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AS OF 300 AM SUNDAY...RAIN-FREE ON MONDAY AS MID LEVEL RIDGING AND WESTERLY DOWNSLOPING KEEP THINGS VERY DRY. AT THE SURFACE HOWEVER THERE WILL STILL BE SOME MOISTURE IN THE NNE FLOW. THUS EXPECT AN EAST-WEST GRADATION IN CLOUD COVER. OVERALL CLOUD COVER WILL DECREASE THROUGH THE DAY THOUGH AS THE PREVIOUSLY CUTOFF ATLANTIC SYSTEM CONTINUES TO OPEN UP AND MOVE EASTWARD. MID LEVEL HEIGHT FALLS SPREAD ACROSS THE REGION ON TUESDAY AS THE RIDGE GIVES WAY TO TROUGHINESS DROPPING OUT OF THE GREAT LAKES AREA. LOW LEVEL MOISTURE ADVECTION THEN FOLLOWS LATE DAY WITH THE APPROACH OF A COLD FRONT. THIS BOUNDARY IS A LITTLE SLOWER THAN PREV PROGGED. SHOWERS WILL BE WIDELY SCATTERED AND INSTABILITY QUITE MEAGER. MONDAY HIGHS HELD BELOW CLIMO BY THE NORTHERLY COMPONENT BUT TEMPS SNAP BACK TO SEASONABLE IF NOT A LITTLE WARMER IN THE PREFRONTAL SRLY FLOW ON TUES.
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&& .LONG TERM /WEDNESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/...
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AS OF 300 AM SUNDAY...PRESSURE PATTERN QUITE POORLY DEFINED ON WEDNESDAY AS THE POST FRONTAL HIGH IS QUITE WEAK AND MOSTLY CENTERED WELL TO OUR NORTH. THIS PRECLUDES ANY COOL ADVECTION AND FAIRLY SEASONABLE WEATHER IS EXPECTED. WE MAY SEE A BUMP OF A FEW DEGREES ON THURSDAY AS HIGH MOVES OFF THE COAST. THIS VERY SLIGHT WARMING TREND WILL CONTINUE FOR THE REMAINDER OF THE PERIOD. LOW LEVELS WILL MOISTEN GRADUALLY BASICALLY JUST CHANGING THE MOSTLY SUNNY SKIES OF WED AND THU TO PARTLY SUNNY BY FRIDAY OR THEREABOUTS...AGAIN A GRADUAL PROCESS. THE UPTICK IN MOISTURE PAIRED WITH THE DEVELOPMENT OF A PIEDMONT TROUGH CALLS FOR SOME SLIGHT CHC POPS BY SATURDAY.
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&& .AVIATION /06Z SUNDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/... AS OF 06Z...EXPECT MAINLY MVFR CONDITIONS...ALTHOUGH BRIEF PERIODS OF IFR ALONG THE COAST CAN NOT BE TOTALLY RULED OUT THROUGH THE OVERNIGHT HOURS AND THROUGH MORNING AS A COASTAL SURFACE LOW CONTINUES TO MOVE EAST-NORTHEAST OFFSHORE AND ACCOMPANYING UPPER LEVEL DISTURBANCES MOVES THROUGH THE AREA. CONDITIONS WILL GRADUALLY IMPROVE TO WIDESPREAD MVFR ON SUNDAY...WITH IMPROVEMENT TO VFR POSSIBLE BEFORE THE END OF THE VALID TAF PERIOD. LATEST RADAR IMAGERY CONTINUES TO DEPICT RAINFALL PUSHING INLAND ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE AREA. LOW CIGS WILL CONTINUE TO CREATE MVFR CONDITIONS...ALONG WITH AFOREMENTIONED RAINFALL. NORTHEAST WINDS AROUND 15 KT WITH GUSTS AROUND 20 KT WILL CONTINUE OVERNIGHT. AFTER DAYBREAK...EXPECT IMPROVEMENT TO WIDESPREAD MVFR WITH PRECIPITATION TAPERING OFF BY THE EARLY AFTERNOON HOURS. COULD SEE IMPROVEMENT TO VFR TOWARDS THE END OF THE PERIOD...BUT AGAIN GIVEN LOWERED CONFIDENCE HAVE NOT INTRODUCED ATTM. THROUGHOUT THE DAY EXPECT BREEZY NORTHEASTERLY WINDS TO CONTINUE WITH SUSTAINED WINDS AROUND 20 KT AND GUSTS AROUND 30 KT. EXTENDED OUTLOOK...VFR ON MONDAY. CHANCE OF SHOWERS/TEMPO MVFR ON TUESDAY WITH A COLD FRONT. VFR WEDNESDAY AND THURSDAY. && .MARINE...
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NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/... AS OF 600 AM SUNDAY...A GALE WARNING IS IN EFFECT INTO TONIGHT AND WILL LIKELY BE DOWNGRADED TO A SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY LATER TONIGHT WHICH WILL THEN REMAIN INTO MONDAY. LOW PRESSURE WAS BROADLY CENTERED OFF THE SOUTHEAST COAST. A TROUGH EXTENDED FROM THE CENTER OF THE LOW AND UP ALONG THE THE CAROLINA COAST. AT THE SAME TIME...STRONG HIGH PRESSURE...CENTERED ACROSS EASTERN NEW ENGLAND...WAS RIDGING DOWN THE COAST AND ACROSS THE CAROLINAS. THIS CONTINUES TO RESULT IN A VERY TIGHT PRESSURE GRADIENT...PRODUCING GALE FORCE WINDS ACROSS THE WATERS...UP TO 25 TO 35 KT WITH GUSTS NEAR 40 KT. WINDS ARE EXPECTED TO SLOWLY DIMINISH TONIGHT. THE DIRECTION WILL REMAIN NE TODAY WITH A SLOW BACKING TO THE N AS THE LOW CENTER AND TROUGH SLOWLY MOVE SEAWARD. SEAS WILL BE HIGHEST INTO THIS AFTERNOON...UP TO 7 TO 12 FT. SEAS WILL SUBSIDE TONIGHT...DOWN TO 6 TO 9 FT BY DAYBREAK MON. WAVE HEIGHTS ACROSS THE NEAR SHORE WATERS OF LONG BAY WILL BE CONSIDERABLY LOWER DUE TO THE VERY LIMITED FETCH ON NE TO N WINDS. SHORT TERM /MONDAY THROUGH TUESDAY NIGHT/... AS OF 300 AM SUNDAY...SHORT TERM WILL START WITH A SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY AS WE CONTINUE TO RAMP DOWN FROM THE GALES OF THE NEAR TERM PERIOD. GRADIENT WILL EASE AS LOW PRESSURE PULLS AWAY SLOWLY TO THE EAST AND A WEAK HIGH TRIES TO GET ESTABLISHED ACROSS THE SOUTHEAST. THE LATTER DOES NOT HAVE MUCH LUCK TO LOCAL WINDS WILL ALMOST EXCLUSIVELY BE A FUNCTION OF THE EXITING LOW. SOUTHERLY FLOW OVERSPREADS THE REGION FROM WEST TO EAST ON TUESDAY AS A COLD FRONT APPROACHES FROM THE NORTHWEST. THIS WILL SLIGHTLY REVERSE THE ABATING TREND IN WAVE HEIGHT BUT NO FLAGS OR CAUTIONARY HEADLINES EXPECTED AS WIND REMAINS QUITE LIGHT BOTH AHEAD OF AND FOLLOWING A TUESDAY NIGHT FROPA. LONG TERM /WEDNESDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/... AS OF 300 AM SUNDAY...FOLLOWING THE PASSAGE OF A COLD FRONT WEDNESDAYS WILL BRING DECREASING AND VEERING WINDS AND ABATING SEAS. HIGH PRESSURE NORMALLY BUILDS IN BEHIND A COLD FRONT BUT THIS TIME THE AIRMASS PRETTY MUCH WASHES OUT AS IT BUILDS SOUTHWARD. A STRONGER HIGH FORMS WEDNESDAY NIGHT UP IN NY/PA AND IT WILL EXTEND A RIDGE AXIS DOWN INTO THE CAROLINAS. THIS WILL INITIALLY YIELD A LIGHT ONSHORE FLOW BUT AS THURSDAY PROGRESSES THE HIGH WILL SPLIT SLIGHTLY WITH ONE CENTER ANCHORING OFF HATTERAS. WIND WILL EVENTUALLY TURN SOUTHERLY OR SOUTHWESTERLY.
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&& .ILM WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... SC...HIGH RIP CURRENT RISK FROM 8 AM EDT THIS MORNING THROUGH THIS EVENING FOR SCZ056. NC...HIGH RIP CURRENT RISK FROM 8 AM EDT THIS MORNING THROUGH THIS EVENING FOR NCZ106-108. MARINE...GALE WARNING UNTIL 11 PM EDT THIS EVENING FOR AMZ250-252-254- 256. && $$ NEAR TERM...RJD SHORT TERM...MBB LONG TERM...MBB AVIATION...SGL/RJD

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