Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Wilmington, NC

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000 FXUS62 KILM 190800 AFDILM Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Wilmington NC 300 AM EST Thu Jan 19 2017 .SYNOPSIS...
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Weak high pressure today will move offshore tonight. A series of mid level systems will bring unsettled conditions Friday through Monday. The strongest system will move across Sunday and into early Monday. High pressure will build back in toward the middle of next week.
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&& .NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...
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As of 300 AM Thursday...High pressure will be centered to our N today and will move offshore tonight. We expect a dry day. A sunny morning will be followed by increasing clouds this afternoon and especially tonight, from SW to NE. The main area of surface low pressure across the Ark-La-Tex this morning will lift into the Midwest tonight. Its associated frontal system will approach the Carolinas through tonight. As the southern tail of a mid-level shortwave trough pivots across the area, it will help to develop weak low pressure offshore, along the front, Fri morning. The main surge of showers is expected to reach portions of the I-95 corridor with the showers becoming more diffuse with eastward extent. Any showers will hold off until the early morning hours. Will not introduce any showers along and E of EYF to GGE until daybreak or shortly thereafter. Highs today will still be above normal, lower to mid 60s which actually represents a 10 to 15 degree cool down from Wed. Lows tonight will be warmer than this morning, given all the cloud cover. We are expecting mainly upper 40s and lower 50s with perhaps a few mid 40s across the NE quadrant of the FA. Low temps will be reached in the eve. Temps should stabilize and then rise slightly overnight.
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&& .SHORT TERM /FRIDAY THROUGH SATURDAY NIGHT/...
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As of 300 AM Thursday...The main area of low pressure will be moving across the Midwest on Fri. Its trailing frontal system will advance into the Carolinas. A mid-level shortwave trough is expected to spawn weak low pressure offshore along the front Fri. The low is expected to then move away, but the front should stay in fairly close proximity. Thus, the forecast remains unsettled and is trending wetter than this time Wed. The initial surge of showers should become more diffuse as they travel from SW to NE. The highest risk for measurable rainfall will be across the I-95 corridor. Will show POPs trending lower as the shortwave energy lifts out with offshore showers becoming dominate. There is a potential for one to possibly two tenths of an inch of rainfall late tonight into Fri. We may catch 12 hours or so where POPs are below threshold as the front gets knocked back by the departing coastal low Fri night. However, by Sat, isentropic lift and a series of upper level troughs will bring showers back into the forecast well ahead of a strong area of low pressure along the Gulf coast. This time the rainfall will be more significant. Given mixed layer CAPE values rise to around 500 J/kg Sat afternoon, will introduce a slight chance for thunderstorms which may persist into Sat night.
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&& .LONG TERM /SUNDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/...
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As of 300 AM Thursday...Deep cyclone with complex frontal structure will affect the area Sunday and into the day Monday. Initially mid level low pressure will be moving across the Tennessee Valley with a cold front extending southward into the Gulf of Mexico and a warm front extending eastward bisecting the Carolinas. Sunday will see warm sector showers and thunderstorms somewhat disorganized in nature. The more organized convective line moves across late Sunday night into Monday morning. The last few cycles of the operational GFS show a kind of split in the line as the warm conveyer belt shuns the best moisture off to the east and northwest via a strong dry slot. This could reduce QPF amounts and severe potential but good coverage of showers and isolated thunderstorms is expected nonetheless. Beyond this, a zonal pattern develops at the mid levels which turns more southwesterly in time with another front approaching very late. No changes to the temperature forecast which are of course warm early on dropping back just a little Tuesday and Wednesday.
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&& .AVIATION /08Z THURSDAY THROUGH MONDAY/... As of 06Z...VFR conditions throughout the taf period. Surface high pressure will build in from the northwest early this morning and from the north this afternoon. The center of this high will slide off the Outer Banks this evening. Thin to opaque cirrus will move overhead today becoming thicker with possible altocu clouds this evening as the mid-level ridge axis moves overhead. Looking at N to NE winds less than 10 kt except becoming E to ESE in direction this evening. Extended Outlook...IFR ceilings and vsbys are possible, especially across the inland terminals Fri night into Sat morning as a warm front and rainfall event develops. IFR conditions possible late Sun into Mon as a strong low pressure system impacts the area. && .MARINE...
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NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/... As of 300 AM Thursday...High pressure today will move offshore tonight. NE winds 10 to 15 kt today will veer to easterly this eve and then SE overnight. Wind speeds tonight will be 10 kt or less. Seas of 2 to 4 ft this morning will subside to 2 ft or less this afternoon and tonight. SHORT TERM /FRIDAY THROUGH SATURDAY NIGHT/... As of 300 AM Thursday...A warm front will move into the area from the SW on Fri. A mid-level shortwave should spawn a weak area of low pressure along this front offshore. The weak low will move away, but the front should stall/waver in close proximity Sat and Sat night as strong low pressure begins to advance east along the Gulf Coast. Expect southerly winds to hold on across the waters through the period. At this time, they are not expected to exceed 10 to 15 kt. Seas will be 2 to 3 ft. Higher winds and seas are expected late in the weekend when Small Craft Advisory conditions are likely to materialize. As dewpoints approach a critical window Sat, there may be an opportunity for sea fog to develop. LONG TERM /SUNDAY THROUGH MONDAY/... As of 300 AM Thursday...Southerly winds will pick up steam during the day Sunday as a potent storm system moves closer to the area. Speeds increase from 10-15 knots early to a healthy 15-20 knots late in the evening. The strongest winds move across early Monday morning reaching a maximum of 20-25 knots. A southwesterly flow develops later Monday behind the front which is essentially a slight wind direction shift. Speeds decrease to 15-20 knots. Significant seas will build as well with small craft conditions developing by midday Sunday and persisting through the remainder of the period. Could see some 8-10 footers at maximum height across the outer waters early Monday.
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&& .ILM WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... SC...None. NC...None. MARINE...None. && $$ SYNOPSIS...SHK NEAR TERM...RJD SHORT TERM...RJD LONG TERM...SHK AVIATION...RJD/DL MARINE...

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