Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Wilmington, NC

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000 FXUS62 KILM 212301 AFDILM AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WILMINGTON NC 701 PM EDT TUE OCT 21 2014 .SYNOPSIS... A COLD FRONT WILL MOVE ACROSS THE AREA LATE TONIGHT. COOL AND DRY CONDITIONS WILL FOLLOW THROUGH MID WEEK. SEASONABLE TEMPERATURES AND CONTINUED DRY WEATHER WILL PREVAIL LATE WEEK AND THROUGH THE WEEKEND AS BROAD HIGH PRESSURE REMAINS ANCHORED TO THE NORTHWEST. && .NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM WEDNESDAY MORNING/...
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&& .SHORT TERM /6 AM WEDNESDAY MORNING THROUGH THURSDAY NIGHT/... AS OF 230 PM TUESDAY...MID AND UPPER LOW WILL DOMINATE THE PICTURE WEDNESDAY/THURSDAY AS IT MOVES OFF THE VIRGINIA CAPES TO OFF THE JERSEY SHORE. TIME-HEIGHT CROSS SECTIONS SHOW A VERY DRY COLUMN ABOVE H85 WITH STRONG SUBSIDENCE WITH DEEP NORTHWEST FLOW THROUGH THE MID AND UPPER LEVELS. THE PRECIPITABLE WATER WILL ONLY REACH A HALF INCH WEDNESDAY FOLLOWED BY 0.4 INCHES THURSDAY. THIS PATTERN WILL HOLD MAX TEMPS TO JUST BELOW NORMAL WEDNESDAY...WHILE A SURGE IN COOL SFC-LOW LEVEL AIR WEDNESDAY NIGHT WILL SOMEWHAT HINDER RADIATIONAL COOLING. THINK RADIATIONAL COOLING WILL BE MORE OF A FACTOR THURSDAY NIGHT THUS MET/MAV MIGHT BE A CATEGORY TOO WARM MOST LOCATIONS BY THAT TIME. && .LONG TERM /FRIDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/... AS OF 230 PM TUESDAY...THE DRY PERIOD WILL CONTINUE WITH PLEASANT FALL WEATHER ANTICIPATED THROUGH THE EXTENDED. AMPLIFIED MID-LEVEL PATTERN WILL GRADUALLY DE-AMPLIFY AS AN ANOMALOUSLY STRONG CUTOFF FILLS AND MOVES AWAY FROM NEW ENGLAND. LOCALLY...THIS LEAVES AN EXTENDED PERIOD OF NW FLOW ALOFT...WITH WEAK IMPULSES SERVING AS REINFORCING SHOTS OF COOL AIR INTO EARLY NEXT WEEK. THE AIR MASS WILL REMAIN EXCEEDINGLY DRY HOWEVER...WITH PWATS REMAINING BELOW 0.75 INCHES THE ENTIRE PERIOD...AND FALLING TO AS LOW AS 0.30 INCHES LATE IN THE WKND. IF THESE VERY LOW PWATS VERIFY...THEY WILL APPROACH ALL-TIME LOW THRESHOLDS FOR LATE OCTOBER ACROSS THE AREA. IN OTHER WORDS...NO PRECIP WILL BE POSSIBLE INTO EARLY NEXT WEEK. VERY LATE IN THE PERIOD THE SURFACE HIGH PRESSURE WILL PUSH OFFSHORE AS RIDGING BEGINS TO DEVELOP OVER THE SOUTHEAST...THIS WILL DRIVE SOME RETURN FLOW INTO THE CAROLINAS...BUT MOISTURE RETURN WILL REMAIN TOO LOW FOR ANY PRECIP. THE DRY AIR MASS IN PLACE WILL ALLOW FOR A LOT OF SUNSHINE...AND THUS WHILE HIGHS WILL RISE TO CLIMO OR ABOVE EACH DAY...OVERNIGHT MINS WILL DROP BELOW CLIMO INTO NEXT WEEK...WARMING BY TUESDAY. && .AVIATION /00Z WEDNESDAY THROUGH SUNDAY/... AS OF 18Z...VFR EXPECTED THROUGH THE VALID TAF PERIOD AS A DRY COLD FRONT PUSHES THROUGH THE AREA OVERNIGHT. NEARLY CLEAR SKIES AND WEST WINDS AOB 10 KTS WILL CONTINUE THROUGH THE REMAINDER OF TODAY. INTO THE OVERNIGHT HOURS...A DRY COLD FRONT WILL PASS THROUGH THE AREA ALLOWING FOR WINDS TO BECOME NORTH-NORTHWESTERLY AOB 10 KTS...WITH GUSTS POSSIBLE...AS VFR PREVAILS INTO WEDNESDAY. EXTENDED OUTLOOK...EXPECT VFR. && .MARINE... NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/... AS OF 2 PM TUESDAY...PLENTY OF SUBSIDENCE AND DRY AIR THROUGH THE COLUMN IN A DEEP WESTERLY FLOW EXTENDING OUT OVER THE COASTAL WATERS THIS AFTERNOON. EXPECT WEST WINDS LESS THAN 15 MPH WITH MORE OF A SW WIND NEAR SHORE IN SEA BREEZE THIS AFTN. SEAS WILL HOLD LESS THAN 3 FT WITH HIGHEST SEAS IN OUTER WATERS DUE TO OFFSHORE FLOW. A DRY COLD FRONT WILL MOVE THROUGH THE WATERS TONIGHT AFTER MIDNIGHT BRINGING A MODERATELY STRONG WIND SHIFT TO THE NNW AND PLENTY OF COOL AIR BEHIND IT. EXPECT WINDS TO KICK UP TO 15-20 KTS WITH HIGHER GUSTS IN A WELL MIXED ATMOSPHERE AS COOLER AIR BLOWS OVER THE WARMER WATERS. WILL HOLD BACK FROM A PRECAUTIONARY STATEMENT AS WATERS NEAR SHORE SLIGHTLY COOLER AND OFF SHORE WINDS WILL KEEP HIGHEST SEAS BEYOND LOCAL WATERS. SEAS WILL BUILD TO 2 TO 4 FT MOST WATERS BUT AS YOU GO JUST BEYOND 20 NM TOWARD THE WARM GULF STREAM WATERS...EXPECT WINDS AND SEAS TO RAMP UP CONSIDERABLY IN CAA OVERNIGHT. WILL INCLUDE A FEW 5 FTERS JUST NEAR THE 20 NM MARK. SHORT TERM /WEDNESDAY THROUGH THURSDAY NIGHT/... AS OF 230 PM TUESDAY...COLD AIR ADVECTION ACROSS RELATIVELY WARM OCEAN TEMPERATURES WILL EQUATE TO GUSTY OFFSHORE FLOW ACROSS THE COASTAL WATERS WEDNESDAY. THE OFFSHORE FLOW WILL PERSIST INTO THURSDAY BUT SPEEDS WILL DIMINISH AS THE COLD AIR ADVECTION WEAKENS ACROSS THE AREA. A RANGE OF SEAS WILL EXIST FROM THE COAST TO THE 20 NM WATERS GIVEN THE OFFSHORE FLOW. SEAS WILL BE HIGHEST WEDNESDAY... THEN SUBSIDE AS THE AFOREMENTIONED OFFSHORE FLOW WEAKENS DURING THURSDAY. WINDS/SEAS SHOULD REMAIN BELOW SMALL CRAFT THRESHOLDS EACH DAY. LONG TERM /FRIDAY THROUGH SUNDAY/... AS OF 230 PM TUESDAY...STRONG LOW PRESSURE DRIFTING SLOWLY AWAY FROM NEW ENGLAND...AND BROAD HIGH PRESSURE RIDGING NORTHEAST FROM THE GULF COAST...KEEPS RATHER UNIFORM FLOW THROUGH THE PERIOD. WINDS BETWEEN THESE TWO FEATURES WILL REMAIN FROM THE NW FRIDAY...SATURDAY...AND MOST OF SUNDAY...BEFORE THE HIGH PRESSURE INCHES OFF THE COAST CAUSING WINDS TO TURN MORE TO THE N/NE. THE GRADIENT REMAINS SLACK HOWEVER...SO SPEEDS WILL BE AROUND 10 KTS EACH DAY. THE COMBINATION OF THE OFFSHORE WIND COMPONENT...LIGHT SPEEDS...AND LACK OF SIGNIFICANT SWELL...WILL KEEP WAVE HEIGHTS AT 1-3 FT THROUGH THE PERIOD...WITH THE 3 FTERS CONFINED TO THE OUTER PORTION OF THE 0-20NM WATERS. && .ILM WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... SC...NONE. NC...NONE. MARINE...NONE. && $$ SYNOPSIS...SRP NEAR TERM...DCH/RGZ SHORT TERM...SRP LONG TERM...JDW AVIATION...DL MARINE...

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