Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Jackson, KY

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000 FXUS63 KJKL 040628 AFDJKL AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE JACKSON KY 228 AM EDT SAT JUL 4 2015 .UPDATE... ISSUED AT 228 AM EDT SAT JUL 4 2015 WITH A SIGNIFICANT DECLINE IN PRECIP...HAVE LOWERED POPS FOR THE OVERNIGHT AND MORNING HOURS. UPDATE ISSUED AT 1110 PM EDT FRI JUL 3 2015 UPDATED THE GRIDS TO TAPER OFF THE RAIN AND THUNDERSTORMS FOR THE REST OF THE NIGHT. ALSO FINE TUNED THE T/TD GRIDS PER THE LATEST OBS AND TRENDS. THESE HAVE BEEN SENT TO THE NDFD AND WEB SERVERS ALONG WITH AN UPDATED SET OF ZONES. AN UPDATED HWO AND FFA WILL FOLLOW SHORTLY. UPDATE ISSUED AT 810 PM EDT FRI JUL 3 2015 23Z SFC ANALYSIS SHOWS LOW PRESSURE RIDING THROUGH EAST KENTUCKY ALONG A STALLED FRONTAL BOUNDARY. THIS BOUNDARY HAS BROUGHT SHOWERS...THUNDERSTORMS...AND FLOODING TO THE AREA FOR THE PAST COUPLE OF DAYS. THAT CONTINUES TONIGHT WITH LOW CENTROID CONVECTION TRAINING AS IT SLOWLY MARCHES WEST TO EAST INTO THE AREA. MUCH OF THE HEAVY RAINS CONTINUE TO FALL IN AREAS WITH VERY LOW FFG AND PLACES THAT HAVE ALREADY RECEIVED EXCESSIVE RAINS LIKE PULASKI AND LAUREL COUNTIES. AS A RESULT...FLASH FLOOD AND AREAL WARNINGS ARE OUT FOR MUCH OF THE CUMBERLAND VALLEY ALONG AND WEST OF I-75. THE RAINS CONTINUE TO THE EAST BUT ARE WEAKENING OR RAINING THEMSELVES OUT AS THEY MOVE INTO AREAS THAT HAVE NOT BEEN HIT QUITE SO HARD RECENTLY. EVEN SO...IT WILL NOT TAKE MUCH TRAINING FOR FLOOD ISSUES TO DEVELOP FURTHER EAST IN THE SOUTHERN HALF OF THE CWA. HAVE UPDATED THE FORECAST TO REFINE THE POPS FOR THE REST OF THE EVENING AS THE BANDS OF CONVECTION SLOWLY SETTLES SOUTH. ALSO UPPED THE QPF ACROSS THE SOUTH AND ADDED SOME FOG TO THE GRIDS THROUGH THE NIGHT...BECOMING LOCALLY DENSE LATE. FINALLY...TWEAKED THE NEAR TERM TEMPS AND DEWPOINTS BASED ON THE LATEST OBS AND TRENDS. THESE UPDATES HAVE BEEN SENT TO THE NDFD AND WEB SERVERS ALONG WITH A FRESHENED ZFP. && .SHORT TERM...(THIS EVENING THROUGH SATURDAY NIGHT) ISSUED AT 317 PM EDT FRI JUL 3 2015 BASED ON WIND READINGS ACROSS THE REGION...FRONTAL BOUNDARY LOOKS TO RESIDE FROM BETWEEN MOREHEAD AND FLEMINGSBURG...BACK TO THE EAST TO FRANKFORT AND LOUISVILLE. BREAKS IN THE CLOUDS IN WESTERN AND CENTRAL KENTUCKY HAS ALLOWED FOR 2500J/KG OF SBCAPE TO DEVELOP. IN ADDITION...WE ACTUALLY HAVE SOME 30-35 KNOTS OF EFFECTIVE BULK SHEAR RESIDING ACROSS EASTERN KENTUCKY. SHOWERS AND STORMS CONTINUE TO LIGHT UP ALONG AND SOUTH OF THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY WITH THE HIGHEST CONCENTRATION CLOSER TO THE BOUNDARY. UNFORTUNATELY...ACTIVITY IS ONCE AGAIN ALIGNED EAST TO WEST AND WILL TRACK ACROSS THE RED RIVER BASIN AGAIN INTO THIS EVENING. THIS WILL CONTINUE TO LEAD TO THE THREAT OF FLASH FLOODING. GIVEN THE FAVORABLE CONDITIONS OF INSTABILITY AND SHEAR...THIS ACTIVITY SHOULD CONTINUE TO PUSH EAST THROUGH THE EVENING HOURS. WHILE ACTIVITY MAY DECREASE AS WE HEAD OVERNIGHT...FRONT WILL STILL RESIDE ACROSS THE AREA...LEADING TO A CONTINUATION IN THE FLASH FLOOD THREAT THROUGH TONIGHT. BY TOMORROW...FRONT FINALLY SLIPS SOUTH TAKING THE BULK OF THE ACTIVITY TO OUR SOUTH...HOWEVER...THE BOUNDARY MAY STILL TRIGGER A FEW SHOWERS AND STORMS DURING THE AFTERNOON. THEY SHOULD BE MORE HIT OR MISS ON SATURDAY AND MAINLY CONFINED TO THE TIMES OF PEAK INSTABILITY IN THE AFTERNOON/EVENING. SATURDAY NIGHT WILL FEATURE QUIETER WEATHER AS DIURNALLY DRIVEN SHOWERS/STORMS DIE OFF AROUND SUNSET. STILL HAVE TO WATCH FOR SOME LOCALLY DENSE FOG IN PLACES. TEMPERATURES WILL REMAIN BELOW NORMAL THROUGH SATURDAY NIGHT AS WE REMAIN UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF THE UPPER LEVEL TROUGH. .LONG TERM...(SUNDAY THROUGH FRIDAY) ISSUED AT 515 PM EDT FRI JUL 3 2015 THE MODELS ARE IN FAIRLY GOOD GENERAL AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE UPPER PATTERN INTO ABOUT MID WEEK. THEY ALL AGREE THAT A WEAK TROUGH WILL START TO PIVOT SLOWLY NORTHEAST AND OUT OF THE TENNESSEE AND OHIO VALLEYS SUNDAY INTO MONDAY. HOWEVER...THE BULK OF ITS CONSIDERABLE ENERGY WILL SWIRL OVER EASTERN KENTUCKY DURING THIS PROCESS ONLY CLEARING OUT TOWARDS TUESDAY MORNING. THIS MOVEMENT IN THE PATTERN WILL BE THANKS TO A ROBUST TROUGH CROSSING THROUGH CENTRAL CANADA AND SWEEPING OVER THE GREAT LAKES MONDAY NIGHT INTO TUESDAY. THE GFS AND ECMWF ARE SIMILAR WITH THE TIMING AND PLACEMENT OF THIS...THOUGH THE ECMWF IS STRONGER AND ACTUALLY CLOSED OFF WITH ITS LOW. MEANWHILE...THE CANADIAN IS WEAKER STILL THAN THE GFS ALONG WITH BEING SLOWER. AS THIS FEATURE PASSES... HEIGHTS WILL RISE LOCALLY...THOUGH SOME WEAK ENERGY WILL REMAIN OVER KENTUCKY THROUGH THE DAY WEDNESDAY. FOLLOWING THIS...THE GFS CONTINUES WITH HIGHER HEIGHTS OVER THE REGION...WHILE THE ECMWF TAKES ANOTHER TROUGH INTO THE GREAT LAKES AND NORTHEAST OHIO VALLEY WITH A WAVE OF ENERGY PASSING OVER KENTUCKY LATER THURSDAY. THE MODELS THEN ARE IN BETTER AGREEMENT IN SHOWING MORE RIDGING TO END THE WEEK. A GENERAL MODEL BLEND LOOKS REASONABLE AT LEAST THROUGH TUESDAY BEFORE A SLIGHT LEAN TOWARD THE LESS PROGRESSIVE ECMWF SEEMS IN ORDER GIVEN RECENT TRENDS. SENSIBLE WEATHER WILL LIKELY SEE AN END TO ANY BREAK FROM THE WET WEATHER WE MAY ENJOY FROM SATURDAY INTO SUNDAY MORNING AS A LOW PRESSURE WAVE PASSING JUST SOUTH OF THE AREA WILL SHIFT THE FRONT BACK NORTH INTO OUR AREA DURING THE DAY SUNDAY WITH ATTENDANT SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS. THE CONVECTION SHOULD BE MORE DIURNALLY DRIVEN INTO THE START OF THE WEEK WITH ACTIVITY BECOMING MORE SCATTERED AFTER SUNSET LASTING THROUGH MID MORNING. THE GREAT LAKES TROUGH AT MID LEVELS WILL SEND A SLOW MOVING COLD FRONT INTO THE AREA ON TUESDAY WITH RENEWED HIGHER CHANCES OF SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS. THE POPS WILL REMAIN ELEVATED THROUGH THURSDAY AS THE FRONT LAYS OUT AND LINGERS OVER THE STATE WHILE ANOTHER SFC WAVE RUNS EAST ALONG IT...MOVING FROM THE SOUTHERN PLAINS TO THE CENTRAL APPALACHIANS TUESDAY NIGHT THROUGH THURSDAY AFTERNOON. AGAIN HEAVY RAINS WILL BE A CONCERN WITH THIS BOUNDARY AS A WIDE OPEN GULF OF MEXICO WILL HELP TO SUPPORT HIGH PWATS ACROSS THE STATE. SHOULD THE ECMWF TURN OUT MORE CORRECT AND THE FRONT SAGS SOUTH WE MAY ACTUALLY SEE SOME DRYING FOR THE END OF THE WEEK. HOWEVER...THE GFS LINGERS THE FRONT OVERHEAD SO WILL MAINTAIN A SMALL CHANCE FOR CONVECTION TO CLOSE OUT THE UPCOMING WORK WEEK. GIVEN THE CONVECTION AND CLOUD COVER EXPECTED THROUGHOUT THE FORECAST...TEMPERATURES WILL BE JUST ON THE COOL SIDE OF NORMAL FOR HIGHS AND ABOVE NORMAL AT NIGHT FOR LOWS...WITH HUMID DAYS AND MUGGY NIGHTS. THE CR GRID BLEND CAME IN REASONABLY WELL WITH THE BULK OF ANY ADJUSTMENTS MADE TO THE POPS AND SKY TO ACCOUNT FOR THE DIURNAL CYCLE EARLY ON FOLLOWED BY A LEAN TOWARD THE ECMWF LATE IN THE PERIOD. AS FOR TEMPERATURES...DID TWEAK THE LOWS A BIT EACH NIGHT TO REFLECT ONLY MINOR TERRAIN EFFECTS GIVEN THE HIGH MOISTURE ENVIRONMENT IN PLACE FOR THE EXTENDED. && .AVIATION...(FOR THE 06Z TAFS THROUGH 06Z SATURDAY NIGHT) ISSUED AT 228 AM EDT SAT JUL 4 2015 CONDITIONS WERE HIGHLY VARIABLE AT THE START OF THE PERIOD...FROM LIFR TO VFR. IN GENERAL THE POORER CONDITIONS WERE IN THE NORTH...AND THE BETTER CONDITIONS IN THE SOUTH. SHOWERS WERE SCATTERED OVER THE REGION...BUT WERE ON THE DECLINE. MOSTLY IFR AND MVFR CAN BE EXPECTED TO LAST THROUGH THE NIGHT. AN IMPROVEMENT TO MOSTLY MVFR IS EXPECTED BY LATE MORNING ON SATURDAY...FOLLOWED BY IMPROVEMENT TO MOSTLY VFR IN THE AFTERNOON. HOWEVER...SCATTERED SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS SHOULD DEVELOP ONCE AGAIN IN THE AFTERNOON...ESPECIALLY NEAR THE TN AND VA BORDERS...RESULTING IN LOCALIZED IFR. && .JKL WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... FLASH FLOOD WATCH UNTIL 8 AM EDT THIS MORNING FOR KYZ044-050>052- 058>060-068-069-079-080-083>088-104-106>120. && $$ UPDATE...HAL SHORT TERM...KAS LONG TERM...GREIF AVIATION...HAL

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