Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Jackson, KY

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FXUS63 KJKL 301300

National Weather Service Jackson KY
800 AM EST Wed Nov 30 2016

Issued at 800 AM EST WED NOV 30 2016

Precip has tapered off in the far NW part of the forecast area a
little faster than was originally forecast, and POPs have been
lowered there. Also, lightning has diminished and shifted well
southeast of KY, so have removed it from our forecast.


.SHORT TERM...(Today through Thursday)
Issued at 424 AM EST WED NOV 30 2016

Showers are ongoing across the area early this morning, but
lightning has been sparse, with most of it occurring to our
south. There are some thunderstorms again making their way to our
southern border, moving quickly northeast. The back edge of the
precip was advancing southeast across central KY. This back edge
will be about ready to move into the NW part of the JKL forecast
area around 12z. Have used likely to categorical POP as 1st
period starts, but the precip will taper off from NW to SE during
the day. Have included a slight chance of thunder during the
period of highest POP, timing its dissipation with the exiting of
elevated instability in the models.

The precip is due to an upper level impulse rotating around a
large stacked low over the north central CONUS, and an associated
surface cold front moving in from the west. Gulf of mexico
moisture was quickly drawn northward ahead of the front. Much of
the feed of warm/moist air appears to have been intercepted by
the convection which developed to our south, which limited our
thunderstorms further north. However, moisture still streamed
north, especially in the mid/upper levels. This moisture and
convection will leave today, but models show the potential for
additional shower development as the upper level impulse and
actual cold front progress through the area this afternoon. This
will exit to the east during the late afternoon and early evening,
and drier and much cooler air will begin to make its way in.

The large parent storm system will slowly move eastward, reaching
Quebec by late Thursday. Flow around it will keep cold air
advection in place locally. Deep moisture associated with the
system should stay to our north tonight and Thursday, with only
stratocumulus expected for our area.

.LONG TERM...(Thursday night through Tuesday)
Issued at 424 AM EST WED NOV 30 2016

While forecast confidence remains high through Saturday, still a
large amount of uncertainty from Sunday through the first half of
next week. High pressure will bring dry weather from Thursday night
through Saturday.  The weather will remain on the cool side into
Saturday with broad mid level troughing remaining over the region.
By Sunday night, our next storm system taking shape upstream will
start to move towards the region.  Models seem in reasonable
agreement on bringing some light precipitation into the area by
daybreak Sunday.  At this point, it doesn`t look like enough warm
air will work back north, so we may see some light snow at the onset
of the precipitation.  After it seemed models might be converging on
a solution for Sunday into early next week, they have again went
opposite directions with the 00z runs.  The ECMWF is back to a
stronger low, tracking it virtually right across eastern Kentucky
Sunday into Sunday night.  GFS remains much weaker with the system
as it has all along.  While the GFS limits precipitation to mainly
Sunday with precipitation totals under a quarter of an inch, the
ECMWF solution brings 1 to 3 inches of rain across eastern Kentucky
and has rain lingering into Monday (which the GFS is currently dry
for Monday). The GFS is then quicker to bring another system back
across the area by Tuesday, while the ECMWF is drier.  Thus, with
none of the dry and wet periods lining up in the models, going to
have to carry climatological normal values for rain chances from
Monday into the middle of next week. We certainly will be able to
squeeze out a dry period somewhere in that time frame, but right
now, difficult to discern where that will be. It does look like
that after the snow chance early Sunday, all remaining
precipitation will be rain into the middle of next week.

One last interesting note, the models have been persistent on a
surge of more arctic air for the end of next week with 850mb
temperatures plummeting to -14C. This would certainly be the
coldest air we have seen since last winter if it holds. Right
now, snow chances look low despite the surge of arctic air.


.AVIATION...(For the 12Z TAFS through 12Z Thursday morning)

Rain still covered most of the area at the start of the period,
but the back edge was near I-64. The rain area will show an
overall movement to the southeast, with rain tapering off in most
places by this afternoon. Initial conditions varied widely, from
LIFR to VFR, with the worst conditions generally in the southeast
part of the area. Most of the area can expect an improvement to
VFR for at least a time early this afternoon. However, cigs may
still drop to MVFR at times, mainly during the late afternoon and




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