Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Sterling, VA

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000 FXUS61 KLWX 191437 AFDLWX Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Baltimore MD/Washington DC 1037 AM EDT Mon Jun 19 2017 .SYNOPSIS...
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A cold front will cross the area this afternoon into the evening with widespread showers and thunderstorms some with damaging winds and heavy rainfall. Weak high pressure will build over the area for the middle of the week.
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&& .NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...
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As of 10am, a cold front has crossed the Ohio River into WV. Showers stretch from central WV northwest to NY state. Lightning activity has waned over WV, so the weather forecast was updated to have just isolated thunder through noon. This cold front will cross the area this afternoon (evening for southern MD). A plume of precipitable water up to 2 inches is ahead of this cold front with values increasing through the afternoon. The progression of this front will increase through the day as an upper trough approaches from the west. The LWX CWA will be in the right entrance region of a jet streak to the north, enhancing upper level difulence and maximizing rain rates. Limiting factors to flash flooding are dry antecedent conditions of the past two weeks and relative fast progression/movement of frontal zone and fcst individual storm cell motion of around 35 kt. On the other hand, unidirectional wind profiles indicate potential for training convection while exceptionally high PWATS, very high 850 ThetaE values and K indices will support intense rainfall rates capable of producing 2-4 inches of rain in a short period of time. A flash flood watch remains where models and their respective ensemble means show the highest rainfall totals along with the lowest flash flood guidance (mainly urban areas). The strengthening shear/wind fields and fast storm motion also indicate potential for damaging winds and SPC has parts of the area under an enhanced risk of severe wx. Will also note the 2 percent tornado and 5 percent hail threat as well. The cold front will clear the area during the mid to late evening hours with showers ending by midnight in most areas.
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&& .SHORT TERM /TUESDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY NIGHT/...
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Weak high pressure will build over the area supporting dry conditions and seasonable temperatures.
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&& .LONG TERM /THURSDAY THROUGH SUNDAY/... The end of the week will feature quasi-zonal flow aloft across the eastern CONUS with the main jet stream to the north and subtropical ridge to the south. Thursday is the favored day to be dry during the extended period as weak ridging sits atop the area. It will likely also be the warmest day of the period. Two features will come into play for Friday into the weekend. First, low pressure (possibly tropical in nature) will have moved into the Gulf Coast states. There will also be low pressure near Hudson Bay, with a cold front gradually sinking southward. Model spread is high on the handling both of these features, though it looks like the weather will become increasingly unsettled heading into the weekend whether or not tropical moisture is pulled into the frontal zone. The front will likely stall near the area Saturday before wavering Sunday. A deeper upper level trough may approach by late Sunday. With the clouds and precipitation around, diurnal ranges will become muted, with low temperatures above normal and high temperatures near or below normal through the weekend. && .AVIATION /15Z MONDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/...
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Widespread showers and t-storms this afternoon into early evening with potential for damaging winds and heavy rainfall with brief 2-4 hrs of IFR/LIFR conditions. VFR conditions expected a few hrs after frontal passage tonight. VFR conditions likely Thursday. Thunderstorm chances will begin to increase on Friday.
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&& .MARINE...
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Strong SW winds with gusts around 25 kt through this evening. T-storms to likely require special marine warnings at some point during the afternoon and evening. Winds diminish overnight tonight. SCAs possible again Tue into Wed night. Light winds with high pressure are expected Thursday. There is low confidence on the pressure pattern heading into Friday, but there is at least a chance of SCA conditions developing as early as Thursday night. Thunderstorm chances will also increase on Friday.
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&& .HYDROLOGY...
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A flash flood watch is in effect from 3 to 9pm for the Balt/Wash metro areas. Southern MD is also expected to see heavy rainfall, so localized flash flooding is possible there too.
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&& .LWX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
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DC...Flash Flood Watch from 3 PM this afternoon to 9 PM EDT this evening for DCZ001. MD...Flash Flood Watch from 3 PM this afternoon to 9 PM EDT this evening for MDZ005-006-011-013-014-503>508. VA...Flash Flood Watch from 3 PM this afternoon to 9 PM EDT this evening for VAZ052>054-506. WV...None. MARINE...Small Craft Advisory until 9 PM EDT this evening for ANZ530- 531-535-536-538-539-542. Small Craft Advisory until 6 AM EDT Tuesday for ANZ532>534-537- 540-541-543.
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&& $$ SYNOPSIS...BAJ/LFR NEAR TERM...BAJ/LFR SHORT TERM...LFR LONG TERM...ADS AVIATION...BAJ/ADS/LFR MARINE...BAJ/ADS/LFR HYDROLOGY...BAJ

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