Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Sterling, VA

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FXUS61 KLWX 191905

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Baltimore MD/Washington DC
305 PM EDT Fri May 19 2017

A cold front will push south through the area tonight. The
boundary will stall out to the south later Saturday. The
boundary will return north as a warm front into our area late
Sunday before a stronger cold front passes through from the
west Monday. High pressure will briefly return for Tuesday
before another cold front impacts the area Wednesday.


Bermuda high pressure remains in place this afternoon with hot
and humid conditions, although a surface trough bisects the
area, while a cold front is positioned just south of the Great
Lakes. There is plenty of instability this afternoon (up to 2000
J/kg per mesoanalysis), but very little shear (20-25 kt).
Scattered thunderstorms are initiating across the area, and this
trend will continue though the afternoon. There are several
foci for storm development, including the surface trough, a
second subtle wind shift near the PA border, and an MCV in
southern VA. At this time the strongest storms are generally
expected along and south of the surface trough where winds are
backed to the southwest (since deep westerly winds often
suppressconvection), although a strong pulse storm could occur
just about anywhere due to the instability. Storms which merge
into clusters could also pose a marginally severe threat. Hail
and locally damaging winds will be the main threats.

Most hi-res guidance shows the primary clusters of storms
exiting to the east during the early evening. The cold front
then drops southward overnight. There may also be a shortwave
trough (which could be impacted by Ohio Valley convection this
afternoon) crossing during this time. Thus a renewed/continuing
shower threat may exist for much of the night. While thunder
chances will be less, there could be a few storms as well with
some lingering elevated instability. Frontal passage will bring
lows in the 50s to the northern quarter of the area, while the
rest stay in the 60s.


The front will stall south of the area Saturday, and possibly
remain there well into Sunday. Onshore flow will develop,
leading to cloudier and cooler conditions. Model guidance
differs on the thickness of cloud cover and thus temperatures.
Have high temperatures on either side of 70 both days, but it
could be cooler if thick, low clouds develop.

Precipitation chances will be limited for Saturday through
Sunday morning. There is a better chance of showers across
western parts of the area due to upslope and overrunning flow.
Depending on the position of the warm sector, thunderstorms
could also develop Saturday in Highland/Pendleton Counties.
Should any of this activity try to move eastward, it will
quickly weaken in the stable airmass.

A low level jet will increase ahead of an approaching cold front
Sunday afternoon into Sunday night. It`s uncertain how much the
warm front lifts back north, but nevertheless, forcing and
moisture will be there for increasing chances of rain,
especially during the second half of Sunday night. There could
be a rumble or two of thunder with elevated instability.


A cold front will move across the region Monday bringing increased
chances of thunderstorms that could produce heavy downpours.

Dry air returns with a separate area of high pressure building in
from the west Monday night through Tuesday.

A low pressure system over the lower Great Lakes will intensify as
it meanders eastward Tuesday night through Wednesday night. There is
a chance for showers and perhaps a thunderstorm or two as pieces of
energy rotate around the main storm system.

A breezy and dry day expected Thursday, mainly to the east of the
Potomac Highlands, with high pressure building in from the west. A
few rain showers are possible in the Potomac Highlands.

A piece of upper level energy could bring a chance for a few showers


VFR conditions are expected through tonight for most of the
time outside of thunderstorms. Coverage will peak during the
afternoon to early evening, though a direct impact to a terminal
is around 50-60 percent. Placed TEMPO -TSRA group for DCA/BWI
where models focus developing cluster along a surface trough,
although amendments are likely for all terminals. Gusty winds,
heavy rain, and hail will be possible.

Cold front will push south tonight. Some showers may develop
along the front but impacts are uncertain. It is also possible
some fog tries to develop ahead of the front, but did not have
confidence to put in the TAFs due to mostly cloudy skies.

Onshore flow will develop Saturday through Sunday. The marine
air will increase the chances for low clouds...especially later
Saturday night and Sunday. Models differ on if MVFR clouds form
Saturday, so have placed this possibility in a SCT group
(except CHO where there is better agreement). More low clouds
are likely Sunday night along with increasing chances for
rain ahead of a cold front.

IFR conditions possible at all terminals Monday. Winds
southwest becoming northwest 10 knots. VFR conditions Monday
night and Tuesday. Winds northwest 5 knots Monday night becoming
southeast 5 knots Tuesday. MVFR conditions Tuesday night with a
chance of showers. Winds south becoming west 5 to 10 knots.


Bermuda high will continue to influence the weather pattern
through today. West to southwest winds will continue through
this evening 10-15 kt. Scattered thunderstorms will reach the
waters late this afternoon and evening and could contain strong
winds and hail.

A cold front will pass through the waters later tonight. The
pressure surge with the cold front will cause north to northeast
winds behind the boundary to gust around 20 knots. A Small Craft
Advisory is in effect for the waters later tonight into Saturday
morning. Have extended the SCA into the afternoon for much of
the Chesapeake Bay and lower Tidal Potomac, as the pressure
gradient looks strong enough to keep winds elevated. Wind fields
should decrease Saturday night.

The onshore flow will continue through Sunday before turning
southerly Sunday night ahead of an approaching cold front. A
Small Craft Advisory may be needed for portions of the waters
Sunday night.

The front will cross the area Monday, with the gusty wind
threat decreasing. Lighter winds Monday night through Tuesday
night with high pressure.


Onshore flow will develop this weekend, turning southerly by
Sunday night. Water levels will increase, with anomalies
supporting a minor coastal flood threat at Annapolis and Straits
Point by Sunday night.


Unseasonably hot conditions continue today. Record heat is not
anticipated for BWI or DCA today...but it is possible for KIAD.
Here is a list of record high temperatures and record high
minimum temperatures for today...May 19th.

Friday (05/19) Record Warm Lows:
DCA: 72 in 2015
BWI: 75 in 1877
IAD: 66 in 2015

Friday (05/19) Record Highs:
DCA: 96 in 1997
BWI: 98 in 1962
IAD: 92 in 1997


MARINE...Small Craft Advisory from 11 PM this evening to 6 PM EDT
     Saturday for ANZ531-539.
     Small Craft Advisory from 11 PM this evening to 11 AM EDT
     Saturday for ANZ530-538.
     Small Craft Advisory from 1 AM to 6 PM EDT Saturday for
     Small Craft Advisory from 1 AM to 11 AM EDT Saturday for


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