Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Sterling, VA

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000
FXUS61 KLWX 221348 AAA
AFDLWX

Area Forecast Discussion...UPDATED
National Weather Service Baltimore MD/Washington DC
948 AM EDT Sat Jul 22 2017

.SYNOPSIS...
High pressure remains off the southeast coast. Multiple upper
level disturbances will be possible through Sunday. An upper
level trough of low pressure will move over the northeastern US
early in the week.

&&

.NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 PM THIS EVENING/...
Complex weather situation for today as MCS and MCV continue to
traverse central/eastern OH and approach the Mid-Atlantic. While
the atmosphere out ahead of this feature is currently only
weakly supportive of strengthening (as is evident by weak
CAPE/Shear on 12z IAD and surrounding RAOBs)...additional
heating of a moist atmosphere over the next several hours, through
filtered cloud cover, will allow for at least pockets of
moderate instability by afternoon (MLCAPE near 1000-1500 J/Kg).
This should allow the current line to either strengthen or
foster regeneration of new cells/clusters along its convective
outflow boundaries.

While the entire CWA is in Slight Risk from the SPC...best
overlap of shear/cape continues to align from near or just south
of DC northward to southern PA...which is where the greatest
likelihood of the strongest storms exists (SPC suggests this
area may need to be upgraded to Enhanced if threat becomes more
clear). One limiting factor is the poor mid-/upper-level lapse
rates coupled with relatively weak shear...which could somewhat
limit vertical parcel accelerations...and may keep strongest
winds more isolated-to-widely scattered. Primary severe threat
is pockets of strong-to-damaging wind gusts in forward-propagating
bowing segments. -20C heights near 27 kft suggest it will be
difficult to generate large hail in all but the most vigorous
updrafts.

Precipitable water also surges to AOB 2 inches...which would
allow for some locally heavy rainfall. Storm speeds should keep
hydro threats generally isolated. Bigger threats could develop
if cell training allows for multiple rounds of heavy rainfall
over the same area. This is most likely across N MD...where WPC
has a Slight Risk of Excessive Rainfall.

Heat Advisory also continues along and east of I-95 through
today. Cloud cover may temper warming a bit...keeping most
places just shy of the 105F heat index threshold. Though, multi-
day nature of threat justifies headline even if heat indices
only marginally meet the criteria.

&&

.SHORT TERM /6 PM THIS EVENING THROUGH MONDAY/...
Storms could be ongoing during the evening then another
overnight with lows in the 70s.

Sunday appears to be shaping up to be another severe convective
day. Models progged a stronger upper level disturbance with
significant height falls for summertime standards. Shear is also
on the increase and many ensemble members show moderate CAPE
and some even high CAPE values over 3500 J/kg. Expect clusters
of storms to move across the area some with damaging winds.

A cold front will approach the region Monday before pushing across
the region Monday night. Showers and thunderstorms will develop
along and ahead of this front. Highs will reach the 90s again.

&&

.LONG TERM /MONDAY NIGHT THROUGH FRIDAY/...
Noticeable change in the weather will occur following the cold
frontal passage on Monday. High pressure will build into the Great
Lakes behind the front Monday night, and translate eastward into the
northeastern United States on Tuesday. This will lead to cooler and
less humid conditions with developing northerly to easterly flow.

The high will then quickly shift offshore by Wednesday, but
lingering easterly flow should still keep the temperatures pleasant
across much of the area. There could be some scattered
showers/thunderstorms south/west nearest to the old frontal boundary
and across the higher terrain.

By the end of the week, the flow will turn around to the southwest
ahead of an approaching frontal system. Temperatures/moisture will
likely spike back up ahead of the front, and along with that the
chances for showers/thunderstorms.

As far as temperatures, highs Tuesday/Wednesday generally in the
80s, and back to near or slightly above 90F for Thursday/Friday.

&&

.AVIATION /13Z SATURDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/...
VFR conditions expected today. Thunderstorms with strong gusty
winds will be possible late this afternoon/early this evening.
Storms will again be possible Sunday.

Predominantly VFR expected Monday night through Wednesday. There may
be some patchy fog/low clouds each morning, but otherwise no
significant aviation weather concerns.

&&

.MARINE...
Winds will be below SCA values today through Sunday. Strong
thunderstorms capable of Special Marine Warnings will be
possible late this afternoon/this evening and again Sunday.

Mainly sub-SCA winds expected Monday night through Wednesday,
generally northerly Monday night, turning easterly by Wednesday.

&&

.LWX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
DC...Heat Advisory until 7 PM EDT this evening for DCZ001.
MD...Heat Advisory until 7 PM EDT this evening for MDZ011-013-014-
     016>018-504-506.
VA...Heat Advisory until 7 PM EDT this evening for VAZ052>057.
WV...None.
MARINE...None.

&&

$$
UPDATE...MSE
PRODUCTS...WOODY!/MJM



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