Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Sterling, VA

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FXUS61 KLWX 241453
AFDLWX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Baltimore MD/Washington DC
1053 AM EDT Sat Sep 24 2016

.SYNOPSIS...
A cold front will pass through the area today. High pressure
returns for tonight through Sunday before moving off the coast
Monday. Another cold front will pass through the area overnight
Monday into Tuesday. An upper-level low may impact the area during
the middle portion of next week.

&&

.NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 PM THIS EVENING/...
Cold front dropping southward will continue pushing down across
the southern part of the CWA during the afternoon hours. The
frontal passage has been mainly dry, although an isolated spot
shower or two is possible over the higher terrain this afternoon.
Otherwise, the passage is being accompanied by a wind shift to
the north and an increase in clouds. High temperatures will be
noticeably cooler, with highs in the mid to upper 70s for most,
with low 70s possible in NE MD, and mid 80s in central Virginia
where front gets hung up and takes longer to pass.

&&

.SHORT TERM /6 PM THIS EVENING THROUGH MONDAY NIGHT/...
High pressure will nose into the region tonight with continued
north to northeast flow. This will lead to much cooler
temperatures with lows generally 50-60F. Locations from the DC
Metro north and east should see clearing skies, with clouds likely
getting hung up in southern and western areas, especially in the
higher terrain with light northeast upslope flow and some trapped
low level moisture. There may even be some patchy fog/drizzle or a
light shower west of the Blue Ridge.

Surface high pressure will continue to build across the
northeastern US on Sunday, providing for mostly sunny skies for
much of the region. Exception will be across portions of
central/western VA and into eastern WV where more clouds may still
hang on in the light easterly flow. Highs generally in the 70s.

The high will begin to shift offshore Sunday night, promoting
stronger easterly flow, which will likely lead to the development
of a low stratus deck of clouds, especially in western areas.
Again some patchy fog/drizzle or an isolated shower possible west
of the Blue Ridge. Lows mainly in the 50s.

A frontal system will then approach on Monday and cross the region
late Monday night. This will bring a period of rain showers to
the region, mainly Monday night. Highs Monday in the 70s, with
lows Monday night a bit milder ahead of the front, in the low to
mid 60s.

&&

.LONG TERM /TUESDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/...
A cold front will move off to the east Tuesday and high pressure
will likely build overhead briefly for later Tuesday and Tuesday
night. Mainly dry and seasonable conditions are expected.

A cutoff upper-level low will pass through the area Wednesday
through Thursday...and there is even some indication that it could
hang around until Friday. The exact location of the upper-level
low is very important. If it remains to the north and east...then
a westerly flow will allow for dry and seasonable conditions over
our area for most of this time. However...if the low drops farther
south and west...then it will tap into moisture from the Atlantic
at the same time coastal low pressure develops near the Mid-
Atlantic Coast. This would bring plenty of clouds along with
chances for rain. Latest forecast will be a blend of these two
solutions...but will lean slightly toward the first scenario which
keeps the upper-level low to the north. This lines up with most
other guidance.

&&

.AVIATION /15Z SATURDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/...
MVFR cigs have spread southward a bit further than expected with
widespread 2k ft cigs down past the DC terminals. They have yet to
spread west to MRB however. Conditions will improve to VFR in most
places late this afternoon. However, MVFR deck may linger after it
reaches CHO with a slight chance of some patchy fog/drizzle
overnight. Otherwise, VFR expected elsewhere into Sunday. Winds
light and variable early this morning will turn
north/northeasterly following frontal passage, with speeds up to
about 10 knots.

Additional development of sub-VFR conditions (primarily ceilings)
possible Sunday night into Monday, mainly MRB/CHO. Another period
of sub-VFR conditions possible Monday night in rain showers with
frontal passage.

A cold front will move off to the east Tuesday and VFR conditions
are likely as high pressure builds into the area. An upper-level
low may impact the area during the middle portion of next week.
Details are highly uncertain at this time.

&&

.MARINE...
Behind the cold front this morning, we have seen a surge of wind,
with gusts up to about 20 knots behind the front. Thus, a Small
Craft Advisory remains in effect until 6 pm. Winds taper off this
afternoon. An additional wind surge is possible tonight into
Sunday morning with near-SCA conditions possible once again. Sub-
SCA conditions then return by Sunday afternoon and Sunday night.

Southerly winds will then be on the increase Monday and Monday
night ahead of an approaching cold front, with SCA conditions
possible.

A cold front will move off to the east Tuesday. A small craft
advisory may be needed for portions of the waters Tuesday
morning...but high pressure should briefly build overhead for
later Tuesday into Tuesday night.

An upper-level low may develop overhead...and this may cause
coastal low pressure to develop depending on how strong this
system is and exactly where the upper-level low tracks. Details
are highly uncertain at this time...but a small craft advisory may
be needed for portions of the waters Wednesday night and
Thursday.

&&

.TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING...
Anomalies remain elevated, but a northerly flow should keep water
levels below minor flooding thresholds through tonight. However,
winds will shift to the east and southeast Sunday through Monday
night. Minor tidal flooding is possible...especially Monday into
Monday night when the onshore flow will be strongest.

&&

.CLIMATE...
Unusually warm weather has persisted over the area for
quite some time. Autumn-like temperatures will finally make an
appearance over the weekend likely bringing low temperatures at
DCA below 60 degrees for the first time since June 9th, or 106
days ago. The record most consecutive days at or above 60
degrees in the Washington DC area is 112 set in 2012.

&&

.LWX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
DC...None.
MD...None.
VA...None.
WV...None.
MARINE...Small Craft Advisory until 6 PM EDT this evening for
     ANZ530>534-537>543.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...BJL/RCM
NEAR TERM...MM/RCM
SHORT TERM...MM
LONG TERM...BJL
AVIATION...BJL/MM/RCM
MARINE...BJL/MM/RCM
TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING...BJL
CLIMATE...DFH/BJL



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