Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Upton, NY

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000 FXUS61 KOKX 151836 AFDOKX AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE NEW YORK NY 236 PM EDT TUE APR 15 2014 .SYNOPSIS...
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A SLOW MOVING COLD FRONT WILL MOVE THROUGH THE AREA LATE THIS AFTERNOON INTO THIS EVENING. HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS IN FROM THE WEST WEDNESDAY. HIGH PRESSURE MOVES NORTHEAST OF THE REGION TOWARDS THE CANADIAN MARITIMES WEDNESDAY NIGHT THROUGH THURSDAY NIGHT... WEAKENING DURING THE PROCESS. LOW PRESSURE ALONG A STALLED FRONT TO THE SOUTH OF THE REGION APPROACHES FRIDAY AND PASSES EAST OF THE REGION SATURDAY. HIGH PRESSURE RETURNS LATE SATURDAY NIGHT INTO SUNDAY AND MOVES ACROSS THE REGION AND OFFSHORE EARLY NEXT WEEK.
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&& .NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 PM THIS EVENING/...
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COLD FRONT LOCATED JUST NW OF THE LOWER HUDSON VALLEY IS BEING PRECEDED BY MULTIPLE BANDS OF SHOWERS WITH MODERATE TO LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL. A STRONGER LINE OF CONVECTION DEVELOPING RIGHT ALONG THE FRONT ACROSS EASTERN PA WILL HAVE TO BE CLOSELY MONITORED FOR STRONG GUSTY WINDS AS IT APPROACHES THE WESTERN HALF OF THE AREA BETWEEN 4 AND 5 PM. WHILE THERE IS NO SURFACE INSTABILITY...STRONG VERTICAL WIND PROFILES WITH A 60 TO 70 KT LOW-LEVEL JET NEAR THE COAST MAY ALLOW FOR SOME ADDITIONAL DOWNWARD MOMENTUM TRANSFER. RIGHT NOW...THE STRONGEST WINDS WERE ACROSS COASTAL LOCATIONS WITH 25 TO 30 MPH SUSTAINED AND GUSTS UP TO 45 MPH...WITH 30 TO 35 MPH ELSEWHERE. INGREDIENTS ARE STILL THERE FOR HEAVY RAINFALL THIS AFTERNOON AS A STRONG COLD FRONT COMBINES WITH ANOMALOUSLY HIGH MOISTURE....PW VALUES ABOUT 1.5 INCHES...AND BOTH LOW- AND UPPER- LEVEL JET DYNAMICS. WATER VAPOR IMAGERY CONTINUES TO SHOWS A NICE PLUME OF MOISTURE INTERSECTING THE FRONT...ORIGINATING OVER THE EASTERN GULF OF MEX. RAINFALL TOTALS STILL LOOK TO BE ON THE ORDER OF 1 1/2 TO 2 INCHES BY THE TIME ALL IS SAID AND DONE. IN ADDITION...ISOLATED THUNDER STILL POSSIBLE ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE COLD FRONT THROUGH EARLY THIS EVENING.
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&& .SHORT TERM /6 PM THIS EVENING THROUGH 6 PM WEDNESDAY/... COLD FRONT CROSSES THE REGION THIS EVENING INTO LATE TONIGHT WITH THE PRECIPITATION ENDING. FORCING DIMINISHES QUICKLY WITH THE PASSAGE OF THE FRONT WILL SOME LINGERING SHOWERS POST FRONTAL POSSIBLE. MUCH COLDER AIR LAGS BEHIND THE FRONT THAT MUCH OF THE PRECIPITATION IS ENDED BY THAT TIME. THERE IS JUST A SLIGHT CHANCE OF SNOW SHOWERS JUST TO THE VICINITY OF THE NEW YORK CITY METRO AREA LATE TONIGHT. AND NO ACCUMULATION IS EXPECTED. MUCH COLDER AIR MOVES INTO THE AREA TONIGHT WITH LOWS 10 TO 15 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL. FREEZING OR NEAR FREEZING TEMPERATURES EXPECTED ACROSS THE AREA TONIGHT. AND WITH THE GROWING SEASON BEGINNING ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE LOWER HUDSON VALLEY AND NORTHEASTERN NEW JERSEY HAVE ISSUED A FREEZING WARNING. HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS IN FOR WEDNESDAY WITH A GUSTY NORTHWEST WIND IN THE MORNING. TEMPERATURES WILL REMAIN WELL BELOW SEASONAL LEVELS WITH HIGHS IN THE 40S...WHILE NORMAL HIGHS ARE IN THE UPPER 50S TO LOWER 60S. && .LONG TERM /WEDNESDAY NIGHT THROUGH MONDAY/...
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MAIN UPPER LEVEL JET SOUTH OF THE REGION MID TO LATE THIS WEEK WITH AS BROAD SOUTHWEST FLOW IN THE MID TO UPPER LEVELS. A SHORTWAVE IN THE MID TO UPPER LEVEL WITH ACCOMPANYING JET STREAK WILL MOVE IN FRIDAY NIGHT THROUGH SATURDAY AND EXIT EAST OF THE REGION SATURDAY NIGHT. THE REGION WILL THEN BE ON A NORTHEAST SIDE OF A LARGE WEAK...RATHER FLAT UPPER LEVEL RIDGE WITH ANOTHER SHORTWAVE MOVING SOUTHEAST INTO THE AREA EARLY NEXT WEEK. +SHRA BETWEEN 18 AND 23Z. ISO TSTM IS PSBL DURING THIS TIME AS WELL...THOUGH LOW CONFIDENCE IN COVERAGE/TIMING AND THUS HAVE NOT INCLUDED. RAIN TAPERS OFF WEST TO EAST 00-06Z...WITH ONLY KSWF EXPECTED TO SEE LIGHT SNOW MIX IN. AT THE SURFACE...HIGH PRESSURE TRANSLATING NORTHEAST INTO THE CANADIAN MARITIMES WILL ALLOW FOR A COOLER MARITIME TYPE OF AIR MASS TO BE WITHIN THE REGION AS WE GET INTO A NORTHEAST FLOW REGIME. THIS CONTINUES THROUGH FRIDAY BUT WITH WEAKENING WINDS...THE AIR MASS WILL GRADUALLY MODERATE WITH A RESULTING SLOW INCREASE IN DAYTIME TEMPERATURES EACH DAY. IN TERMS OF WEATHER...DRY THROUGH THURSDAY NIGHT. THEREAFTER...A TREND TOWARDS A MORE WET PATTERN EVIDENT STARTING FRIDAY WITH LOW PRESSURE IN SOUTHEAST DEVELOPING AND APPROACHING ALONG A STALLED FRONT. IN THE UPPER LEVELS A TROUGH WILL BE APPROACHING. CMC ONLY MODEL SHOWING VERY LIGHT RAIN OR DRIZZLE ACROSS COASTAL SECTIONS FRIDAY WITH GREATER MODEL AGREEMENT ON RAINFALL FRIDAY NIGHT INTO SATURDAY. THIS COMES WITH THE APPROACH OF THE TROUGH AND GREATER MOISTURE AND WARM AIR ADVECTION WITH THE SOUTHWEST FLOW. RESIDUAL LIGHT NORTHEAST FLOW AT THE SURFACE FURTHER INCREASES THE BOUNDARY LAYER MOISTURE. THE TROUGH AXIS PUSHES EAST OF THE REGION SATURDAY NIGHT...ALLOWING FOR A DRIER TREND TO WEATHER AS SHOWERS TAPER OFF AS MORE OF A NORTHERLY FLOW WITH LESS EASTERLY COMPONENT SETTLES IN. EARLY NEXT WEEK RETURN FLOW DEVELOPS AS HIGH PRES MOVES ACROSS AREA AND EVENTUALLY OFFSHORE. AIR MASS WILL FURTHER MODERATE WITH WARMER AND MORE MOIST AIR MASS MOVING IN.
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&& .AVIATION /18Z TUESDAY THROUGH SUNDAY/...
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COLD FRONT CONTINUES ITS APPROACH THIS AFTERNOON. WIDE VARIATIONS IN CONDITIONS. BREAKS IN SHOWERS WILL SEE SOME VSBY AND/OR CIG IMPROVEMENT...TO VFR IN SOME CASES. OTHERWISE...IFR CONDITIONS EXPECTED...WITH LIFR POSSIBLE IN HEAVIER SHOWERS THAT MOVE THROUGH. HIGHEST CONFIDENCE IS WITH STRONG SLY FLOW DURING THE DAY...WITH GUSTS UP TO 20-30KTS WITH OCNL GUSTS UP TO 35 KTS FOR THE DAY. SOME ISOLATED GUSTS CLOSE TO 40KT POSSIBLE. WINDS SHIFTING S -SW- NW DURING THIS TIME AS THE FRONT MOVES THROUGH 22Z-03Z. WINDS WILL TAPER OFF SLIGHTLY WITH THE FRONTAL PASSAGE...THEN INCREASE AGAIN AS THE WINDS SHIFT TO THE NW. GUSTS UP TO AROUND 35 KTS LIKELY TONIGHT WITH AN ISOLATED GUST TO 40 KTS POSSIBLE. LLWS ISSUES PERSISTING THROUGH LATE AFTN...WITH GENERALLY 50-60 KTS BETWEEN 1-2KFT. SLIGHTLY HIGHER LLWS OF UP TO 65 KT FOR EASTERN SECTIONS SUCH AS KISP AND KGON AS LOW LEVEL JET STRENGTHENS OVER THESE AREAS THIS MORNING. AS THE JET PUSHES EAST WITH THE APPROACH OF THE COLD FRONT...LLWS WILL DIMINISH THIS AFTERNOON. NY METRO ENHANCED AVIATION WEATHER SUPPORT... DETAILED INFORMATION...INCLUDING HOURLY TAF WIND COMPONENT FCSTS CAN BE FOUND AT: HTTP:/WWW.ERH.NOAA.GOV/ZNY/N90 (LOWER CASE) KEWR FCSTER COMMENTS: LIFR CONDITIONS PSBL THIS AFTN WITH HEAVIER RAIN...VFR PSBL IN BREAKS IN SHOWERS. LLWS SHOULD END AFTER FROPA...AFTER 22Z. THE AFTERNOON KEWR HAZE POTENTIAL FORECAST IS GREEN...WHICH IMPLIES SLANT RANGE VISIBILITY 7SM OR GREATER OUTSIDE OF CLOUD. KJFK FCSTER COMMENTS: LIFR CONDITIONS PSBL THIS AFTN WITH HEAVIER RAIN...VFR PSBL IN BREAKS IN SHOWERS. LLWS SHOULD END AFTER FROPA...AFTER 22Z. KLGA FCSTER COMMENTS: LIFR CONDITIONS PSBL THIS AFTN WITH HEAVIER RAIN...VFR PSBL IN BREAKS IN SHOWERS. LLWS SHOULD END AFTER FROPA...AFTER 22Z. KTEB FCSTER COMMENTS: LIFR CONDITIONS PSBL THIS AFTN WITH HEAVIER RAIN...VFR PSBL IN BREAKS IN SHOWERS. LLWS SHOULD END AFTER FROPA...AFTER 22Z. KHPN FCSTER COMMENTS: LIFR CONDITIONS PSBL THIS AFTN WITH HEAVIER RAIN...VFR PSBL IN BREAKS IN SHOWERS. LLWS SHOULD END AFTER FROPA...AFTER 22Z. KISP FCSTER COMMENTS: LIFR CONDITIONS PSBL THIS AFTN WITH HEAVIER RAIN...VFR PSBL IN BREAKS IN SHOWERS. LLWS SHOULD END AFTER FROPA...AFTER 23Z. .OUTLOOK FOR 12Z WEDNESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY... .WED...VFR. N WIND G20-25KT PSBL. .WED NIGHT...VFR. .THURS...VFR. E WIND G 20-25KT PSBL. .THURS NIGHT-FRI NIGHT...VFR. .SAT...PSBL MVFR CONDITIONS WITH LOW CHANCE OF -SHRA. .SUN...VFR
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&& .MARINE... POTENTIAL FOR DENSE FOG ON THE WATERS CONTINUES. DENSE FOG ADVISORY REMAINS WITH EXPECTATION OF VSBY TO DROP BELOW 1 NM WITH CONTINUED MOIST FLOW. SMALL CRAFT SEAS ON THE OCEAN CONTINUES TODAY WITH A STRONG PERSISTENT SOUTHERLY FLOW ACROSS THE AREA. WITH AN INCREASE IN THE SURFACE PRESSURE GRADIENT AND A STRENGTHENING LOW LEVEL JET WINDS AND GUSTS ARE EXPECTED TO INCREASE TO SMALL CRAFT LEVELS THIS MORNING. A LOW LEVEL INVERSION WILL KEEP HIGHER WINDS FROM MIXING TO THE WATER SURFACE. SO HAVE POSTED A SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY FOR ALL THE FORECAST WATERS TODAY. WITH CONVECTION MOVING INTO THE WATERS LATE THIS MORNING INTO THIS AFTERNOON...PARTICULARLY THE WESTERN WATERS...THERE IS THE POTENTIAL FOR BRIEF GALE FORCE GUSTS. BETTER MIXING WILL OCCUR TONIGHT WITH THE PASSAGE OF A COLD FRONT AS STRONG COLD ADVECTION SETS UP BEHIND THE FRONT. GALE FORCE GUSTS ARE LIKELY AND UPGRADED THE WATCH TO A WARNING. GALE FORCE GUSTS MAY CONTINUE INTO THE EARLY HOURS OF WEDNESDAY...MAINLY ACROSS THE EASTERN ZONES...HOWEVER...DO NOT HAVE HIGH ENOUGH CONFIDENCE TO EXTEND THE WARNING. IN THE NORTHWEST FLOW SEAS ON THE OCEAN WILL BE SLOWLY SUBSIDING THROUGH WEDNESDAY...FALLING BELOW 5 FT ACROSS THE WATERS EAST OF MORICHES INLET BY LATE AFTERNOON. SO A SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY WILL LIKELY BE NEEDED FOR SEAS WEDNESDAY IF THE GALE WARNING IS NOT EXTENDED. AFTER BRIEF LULL IN SCA CONDITIONS ACROSS OCEAN WED NIGHT...TOWARDS DAYBREAK THU...RETURN OF SCA CONDITIONS FORECAST WITH EASTERLY FLOW INCREASING. WINDS WILL TREND TO MOSTLY BELOW SCA BY LATE THU NIGHT THROUGH REST OF MARINE FORECAST PERIOD. HOWEVER...SEAS WILL LIKELY RETURN TO SCA LATE WED NIGHT ON THE OCEAN THROUGH FRIDAY BEFORE DROPPING BELOW SCA FOR WEEKEND...ALTHOUGH BY THE END OF THE WEEKEND...HIGHER SEAS COULD COME BACK IN ON THE OCEAN. && .HYDROLOGY... RAINFALL OF 1 1/2 TO 2 INCHES...MAINLY ALL LIQUID...EXPECTED FROM EARLY THIS MORNING THROUGH LATE TONIGHT. THERE IS THE POTENTIAL FOR LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS OF 2 TO 3 INCHES. MODERATE POTENTIAL EXISTS FOR MINOR FLOODING OF URBAN/POOR DRAINAGE AREAS. ALSO LOW TO MODERATE POTENTIAL FOR FLASHY SMALL STREAMS ACROSS NORTHEASTERN NEW JERSEY INTO THE LOWER HUDSON VALLEY TO REACH MINOR FLOOD LEVELS WITH 1 HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE AROUND 1 INCH. NOTE...MINOR FLOODING CONTINUES ALONG THE CONNECTICUT RIVER. ADDITIONAL HEAVY RAINFALL WILL LIKELY CAUSE WATER LEVELS TO CONTINUE TO RISE THROUGH THE WEEK...WITH POTENTIAL FOR MODERATE FLOOD LEVELS TO BE REACHED. MONITOR THE LATEST FLOOD WARNINGS FROM NWS TAUNTON MA. AFTER TONIGHT NO SIGNIFICANT WIDESPREAD PRECIP EXPECTED. && .OKX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... CT...NONE. NY...FREEZE WARNING FROM 2 AM TO 10 AM EDT WEDNESDAY FOR NYZ069-070. NJ...FREEZE WARNING FROM 2 AM TO 10 AM EDT WEDNESDAY FOR NJZ004-006- 103>108. MARINE...DENSE FOG ADVISORY UNTIL 7 PM EDT THIS EVENING FOR ANZ330-335- 338-340-345-350-353-355. SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY UNTIL 6 PM EDT THIS EVENING FOR ANZ330- 335-338-340-345-350-353-355. GALE WARNING FROM 6 PM THIS EVENING TO 6 AM EDT WEDNESDAY FOR ANZ330-335-338-340-345-350-353-355. && $$ SYNOPSIS...JM/MET NEAR TERM...DW SHORT TERM...MET LONG TERM...JM AVIATION...JP MARINE...JM/MET HYDROLOGY...JM/MET

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