Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Upton, NY

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FXUS61 KOKX 310525
AFDOKX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE NEW YORK NY
125 AM EDT MON AUG 31 2015

.SYNOPSIS...
A SURFACE TROUGH WILL MOVE INTO THE REGION OVERNIGHT AND MOVE
SOUTH OF LONG ISLAND MONDAY. A BACK DOOR COLD FRONT MOVES ACROSS
LATE MONDAY NIGHT. HIGH PRESSURE WILL KEEP HOT AND HUMID
CONDITIONS ACROSS THE REGION THROUGH MUCH OF THE WEEK. A WEAK COLD
FRONT WILL MOVE THROUGH THURSDAY NIGHT...BUT IT WILL STILL BE WARM
AND MAINLY DRY THROUGH NEXT WEEKEND.

&&

.NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM THIS MORNING/...
FORECAST IS GENERALLY ON TRACK.

MID LEVEL SHORTWAVE AND ASSOCIATED HIGHER PVA MOVE MOSTLY SOUTH
OF THE REGION WITH A STRONGER ONE TRACKING ACROSS SOUTHEAST
CANADA. AT THE SURFACE...THERE WILL BE A WEAK SURFACE TROUGH
MOVING TOWARDS THE REGION. THIS WILL KEEP AN ABUNDANCE OF CLOUDS
OVERHEAD FOR THE NIGHT. THE LOWS WERE TAKEN FROM THE RELATIVELY
WARMER SIDE OF GUIDANCE OF THE MAV MOS...WITH VALUES EXPECTED TO
BE WARMER THAN THE PREVIOUS NIGHT WITH SOUTHWEST FLOW.

ENVIRONMENT WILL STILL BE SOMEWHAT UNSTABLE WITH SOME ELEVATED
INSTABILITY AHEAD OF THE SURFACE TROUGH. WITH THESE AFOREMENTIONED
FACTORS...THERE WILL BE A SLIGHT CHANCE FOR SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS FOR TONIGHT ACROSS MOST LOCATIONS.

&&

.SHORT TERM /6 AM THIS MORNING THROUGH 6 PM TUESDAY/...
THE SHORTWAVE WEAKENS SOUTH OF THE REGION MONDAY. A HIGH AMPLITUDE
RIDGE FROM THE WEST WILL BEGIN TO BUILD IN. HOWEVER...AT THE
SURFACE...THE TROUGH WILL REMAIN AND THE DAYTIME SHOULD ENHANCE IT
WITH THE SEA BREEZE GIVING SOME INCREASE IN THE TEMPERATURE GRADIENT
WITHIN THE REGION ACROSS THE COAST. THE COOLER TEMPS WILL BE
ADVECTED INTO THE REGION FROM THE MORE SOUTHERLY FLOW. THIS WILL
CONVERGE AGAINST PLACES THAT HAVE SOUTHWEST FLOW. THE POPS OVERALL
WILL NOT BE HIGH...JUST A SLIGHT CHANCE OF SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS
CLOSE TO THE COAST...BUT WITH THE AIRMASS BECOMING INCREASINGLY WARM
AND HUMID...INSTABILITY WILL BE LARGER AS CAPE INCREASES TO
APPROXIMATELY 500-1000 J/KG. INLAND...DRIER CONDITIONS SHOULD
PREVAIL. AN OVERALL VERY WARM DAY EXPECTED. A MAV/MET BLEND WAS USED
FOR HIGHS...YIELDING VALUES FROM THE MID 80S TO LOWER 90S ACROSS A
MAJORITY OF THE REGION.

ONCE THE HEATING WANES DOWN FOR MONDAY EVENING...THE ENVIRONMENT
WILL BECOME MORE STABLE AND THE HIGH AMPLITUDE RIDGE FROM THE WEST
WILL CONTINUE TO BUILD IN. THE SURFACE TROUGH WILL HAVE PUSHED SOUTH
OF LONG ISLAND. THERE WILL BE A WEAK BACK DOOR COLD FRONT MOVING
ACROSS LATE. OVERALL...THE GREATER INFLUENCE WILL BE FROM THE
RIDGE AND THE SUBSIDENCE FROM THE RIDGING WILL LEAD TO LESSENING
CLOUDS. HOWEVER...DESPITE LIGHT WINDS...LOWS WILL NOT CHANGE TOO
MUCH COMPARED TO THE PREVIOUS NIGHT. THE RELATIVELY WARM AND
HUMID AIRMASS WILL REMAIN THOUGH AS WARM AIR ADVECTION INCREASES
AT THE 850MB LEVEL.

THERE IS A MODERATE RISK FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF RIP CURRENTS ON
MONDAY.

&&

.LONG TERM /TUESDAY NIGHT THROUGH SUNDAY/...
THE MAIN THEME OF THE LONG TERM PERIOD WILL BE THE CONTINUATION OF
HEAT AND HUMIDITY ACROSS THE REGION.

MODELS ARE IN PRETTY GOOD AGREEMENT WITH THE H5 PATTERN ACROSS NOAM
THROUGH THE PERIOD. A LATE SEASON HEAT WAVE IS EXPECTED FOR PARTS OF
THE TRI-STATE AREA THIS WEEK AS A DEEP LAYERED RIDGE ENCOMPASSES THE
EASTERN US. A SLY FLOW FOR MUCH OF THE WEEK WILL KEEP HUMIDITY
LEVELS HIGH AS WELL. THE HOTTEST DAY...HEAT AND HUMIDITY COMBINED
LOOKS TO BE THURSDAY WITH MOISTURE POOLING AHEAD OF A WEAK COLD
FRONT. NOT EXPECTING HEAT ADVSY CRITERIA TO BE MET...ALTHOUGH HEAT
INDICES WILL RANGE BETWEEN THE UPPER 80S TO LOWER 90S EACH AFTERNOON
THROUGH WED WITH 90 TO 95 ON THU. ALTHOUGH PARTS OF NYC MAY REACH A
95 DEGREE HEAT INDEX THU...NOT EXPECTING IT FOR 2 CONSECUTIVE
DAYS. THEREFORE...NO ADVSY IS ANTICIPATED FOR THE CITY EITHER.

IT WILL BE A FAIRLY DRY WEEK WITH ONLY A FEW SHOWERS/TSTMS WITH THE
WEAK BOUNDARY THU/THU EVE AND AGAIN FRI/FRI EVE AS ANOTHER WEAK
BOUNDARY APPROACHES FROM THE N...THIS TIME WITH WEAK SHORTWAVE
ENERGY. THE FLOW BECOMES ELY FRI...BUT THE COMBINATION OF THE UPPER
ENERGY...LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE AND THE OROGRAPHIC INFLUENCE COULD
TRIGGER A FEW SHOWERS/TSTMS.

THE ONSHORE FLOW WILL ALSO PROVIDE SOME RELIEF FROM THE HEAT
ESPECIALLY AT THE COAST FRI THROUGH SUN. TEMPS WILL STILL BE 5 TO 10
DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL THOUGH.

&&

.AVIATION /06Z MONDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/...
A WEAK TROUGH OF LOW PRESSURE MOVES THROUGH EARLY THIS
MORNING...AND THEN REMAINS JUST SOUTH OF LONG ISLAND THROUGH THIS
EVENING.

VFR CONDITIONS THROUGH THE TAF PERIOD. AN ISOLATED SHOWER MAINLY
WEST OF NYC TERMINALS CANNOT BE RULED OUT BEFORE DAY BREAK.

LIGHT SW OR VARIABLE WINDS THROUGH SUNRISE. W-WSW WINDS AROUND 10
KT DEVELOP BY MID TO LATE MORNING AND INTO THE EARLY AFTERNOON.
WIND SPEEDS SHOULD INCREASE DURING THE AFTERNOON...10 TO 15 KT.
GUSTS TO AROUND 20 KT FOR CITY TERMINALS. GUSTS END AFTER SUNSET
WITH SPEEDS AROUND 10 KT.

.OUTLOOK FOR 06Z TUESDAY THROUGH FRIDAY...
.MONDAY NIGHT-WEDNESDAY NIGHT...VFR. AFTERNOON SEABREEZES PROBABLE
EACH AFTERNOON.
.THURSDAY...MOST LIKELY VFR. ISOLATED SHOWERS/THUNDERSTORMS
POSSIBLE. AFTERNOON SEABREEZES PROBABLE.
.THURSDAY NIGHT...VFR.
.FRIDAY...MOST LIKELY VFR. E WINDS G15-20KT POSSIBLE. ISOLATED-
SCATTERED SHOWERS/THUNDERSTORMS POSSIBLE.

&&

.MARINE...
PRIMARILY A WEAK PRESSURE GRADIENT THROUGH MON NIGHT. THE WINDS
WILL BE MAINLY LESS THAN 15 KT OUT OF THE SOUTHWEST TO SOUTH.
THERE COULD BE A ROUND OF GUSTS MONDAY AFTERNOON BUT THESE ARE
EXPECTED TO BE UP TO 20 KT. SEAS ON THE OCEAN MAY GET TO 5 FT
MONDAY NIGHT. HOWEVER...WITH THE WEAK PRESSURE GRADIENT...DID NOT
THINK WINDS WOULD SUPPLY A STRONG ENOUGH FETCH TO INCREASE SEAS TO
5 FT. THEREFORE CAPPED THE OCEAN SEAS AT 4 FT MONDAY NIGHT.

SUB-ADVSY CONDS ARE EXPECTED ON ALL WATERS THROUGH THE
REMAINDER OF THE PERIOD.

&&

.HYDROLOGY...
ANY SHOWER OR THUNDERSTORM THROUGH MONDAY COULD RESULT IN A BRIEF
HEAVY DOWNPOUR...WITH PERHAPS A QUICK QUARTER OF AN INCH IN
RAINFALL AMOUNTS. THERE COULD BE SOME LOCALLY MINOR FLOODING BUT
CONFIDENCE IN THIS IS LOW WITH COVERAGE OF CONVECTION FORECAST
BEING LOW.

OVERALL...NO WIDESPREAD SIGNIFICANT RAINFALL IS FORECAST THROUGH
NEXT WEEKEND.

&&

.TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING...
WITH A RECENT FULL MOON...BRIEF MINOR INUNDATION IS POSSIBLE
DURING THE TIMES OF HIGH TIDE ACROSS THE TYPICALLY VULNERABLE
COASTAL LOCALES FOR THE START OF THE WORK WEEK.

&&

.OKX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
CT...NONE.
NY...NONE.
NJ...NONE.
MARINE...NONE.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...JM
NEAR TERM...JM
SHORT TERM...JM
LONG TERM...24
AVIATION...DS
MARINE...24/JM
HYDROLOGY...24/JM
TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING...



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