Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Upton, NY

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000 FXUS61 KOKX 160235 AFDOKX Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service New York NY 1035 PM EDT Sun Oct 15 2017 .SYNOPSIS... A cold front passes through late tonight. A broad area of high pressure will build in from the west and remain in control through the weekend. && .NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM MONDAY MORNING/...
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Conditions remain cloudy across just about the entire forecast area. However, there were a few breaks in the overcast across northeastern New Jersey into western Long Island as warmer air moves in aloft and winds shift to the southwest. Also adjusted temperatures, especially across the interior of New York and Connecticut with the overcast and a little slower push of the colder air with the front. And therefore also delayed onset of precipitation, especially into NYC and points east. Otherwise, the fcst is on track. Upper trough and associated surface cold front approach from the Ohio Valley tonight. This will result in a gusty SW flow ahead of the front. The 12Z guidance is showing deeper-layered lift along and just behind the front tonight, as well as slightly slower progression. The lift seems to be driven by a steep frontal slope which should be sufficient for showers. The best chance for showers due to lift and available moisture is now appearing to be from NYC metro and east. Rainfall amounts still though look to be less than a tenth of an inch, but perhaps some isolated higher amounts up to a quarter inch are possible. Still looking at another mild night as the cold advection occurs late. Lows will be about 10 degrees above normal with readings in the in the mid to upper 60s.
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&& .SHORT TERM /6 AM MONDAY MORNING THROUGH MONDAY NIGHT/... Cold front pushes east of the area by daybreak with strong cold advection and gusty NW winds. Temperatures will return to near seasonable levels in the upper 50s to lowers 60s, but likely will feel cooler with the strong NW flow. Skies will gradually clear from morning into early afternoon. Unseasonably cold conditions Monday night with temperatures in the 30s in the suburbs,to the lower 40s NYC metro. Its possible that a frost advisory may be needed for the interior. However, there could be enough wind and dry air to limit frost to patchy coverage. && .LONG TERM /TUESDAY THROUGH SUNDAY/... Mainly a temp fcst in the long term as an approximately 590 dam h5 ridge builds along the ern seaboard. The superblend was used for the fcst, except for Tue ngt where the mex guidance appears to be picking up on a climatologically decoupled setup. Because of this, temps were adjusted blw the superblend. If the winds indeed go calm, temps about 5 degrees lower than fcst will be possible. Otherwise, temps will quickly rebound to abv normal Wed and remain thru the weekend. && .AVIATION /03Z MONDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/...
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A cold front moves through the terminals overnight. High pressure builds to the west Monday. MVFR ceilings persist, with patchy areas of IFR ceilings across Long Island, east of the NYC terminals. Also, through 07z ceilings may become VFR, especially across northeastern New Jersey and portions of western Long Island. Conditions improve to VFR with the approach of a cold front, as southerly winds back to the SW and W. Gusts around 20 kt will become more frequent with the approach of the front this evening. Light to moderate showers will become likely along the front. Cold frontal passage will be around 07Z NW to 10Z E. Winds shift to NW to the right of 310 true and increase with gusts to around 25 kt during Monday. .OUTLOOK FOR 00Z TUESDAY THROUGH FRIDAY... .Monday night...VFR. NW winds G20-25KT early. .Tuesday-Friday...VFR.
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&& .MARINE...
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Forecast winds and seas on track with no changes at this time. Updated the probabilities of precipitation, with an hours of two delay for the onset of showers with a cold front. SCA winds and seas expected to build on the ocean in a strengthening SW flow ahead of an approaching cold front this aft/eve, and with the NW flow in its wake late tonight into early Mon morning. Marginal SCA gusts are expected on nearshore waters, pre and post frontal during this time as well. Marginal SCA gusts may continue on the nearshore waters through the day Monday, nonetheless SCA seas are expected to continue on the ocean. Higher confidence in a period of SCA winds re- developing across all waters Mon eve/night in wake of secondary cold front. Winds and seas will fall blw sca lvls Tue mrng, and remain blw criteria thru the weekend.
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&& .HYDROLOGY... No hydrologic issues expected through the end of next week. && .OKX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... CT...None. NY...None. NJ...None. MARINE...Small Craft Advisory until 6 PM EDT Monday for ANZ330-335-338- 340-345. Small Craft Advisory until 6 AM EDT Tuesday for ANZ350-353-355. && $$

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