Area Forecast Discussion
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761 FXUS61 KPBZ 211759 AFDPBZ Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Pittsburgh PA 1259 PM EST Sat Jan 21 2017 .SYNOPSIS... Mild weather will continue through the weekend. Widespread rain is expected to move back into the region Sunday afternoon. && .NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/... High pressure, marred only by residual morning and increasing high cloudiness, will maintain dry and warm conditions today. Highs 25 to 30 degrees above the averages are expected. Strengthening southwest flow will deepen the moisture field over the Upper Ohio Region tonight, while model world hints at sufficient shortwave support to generate a few showers. Have decided to play that scenario given the latest consensus-short and high res guidance and have introduced a slight, to low-chance shower mention to accompany the very warm temperatures. Overnight lows about 25 degrees above the averages are still expected and no major changes were made to that parameter. && .SHORT TERM /SUNDAY THROUGH MONDAY/... Model depictions of the cutoff low pressure set to dig toward the Upper Ohio Region have deviated from previous runs with a more westward track of the center. Increasing ascent via deformed flow and warm advection with increased moisture through the mid levels all support escalating precip probabilities to categorical numbers for the period. With the northern branch of split flow holding colder air north and west of the region, and with warm advection into the mid levels of the cutoff, this looks to remain a rain event although the latest NAM has developed sub-zero air over the region at the 850mb level despite moist advection and a generally warm column. QPF was progged using a RFC/WPC blend for the period. An inch to inch and a half is anticipated for the early week with limitations imposed by low pressure progression and mid level dry slotting. Relative warmth will continue, although the diurnal temperature spread will be restricted by clouds and precip. && .LONG TERM /MONDAY NIGHT THROUGH FRIDAY/... The trend of the a slow low-pressure-exit on Tuesday continued in todays deterministic and ensemble depictions. Colder air wrapping into the western flank of the departing low may thus turn rain to snow, before ridging ensues in response to plains low pressure. That system is forecast to interrupt the resulting temperature moderation via a cold front across the Upper Ohio, which will drive temperature back to seasonal readings for the latter half of the week. && .AVIATION /18Z SATURDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/... VFR will prevail as high clouds overspread the region ahead of the next low pressure system, progged to approach Sunday. While the latest sounding data would suggest otherwise, it appears that high clouds should limit the development of fog across the region. That being said, the newest run of the hrrr generates a bit more precipitation with an overnight advancing shortwave than previous runs. Will have to continue to monitor trends to see if boundary layer and sky conditions begin to support more widespread fog. Otherwise, widespread restrictions will return by late tomorrow as the next system moves toward the region. Wind will remain light, out of the s-se through the period. .OUTLOOK... More restrictions are likely through Monday with slow moving low pressure. && .PBZ WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... MD...None. OH...None. PA...None. WV...None. && $$ is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.