Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Mt. Holly, NJ

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000 FXUS61 KPHI 171024 AFDPHI AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MOUNT HOLLY NJ 624 AM EDT FRI APR 17 2015 .SYNOPSIS... A WEAK COLD FRONT WILL MOVE THROUGH OUR AREA TONIGHT, THEN A STRONGER BUT DRY COLD FRONT MOVES THROUGH SATURDAY AFTERNOON. HIGH PRESSURE WILL BRIEFLY BUILD IN ON SUNDAY, THEN LOW PRESSURE ORGANIZING ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES REGION LATE SUNDAY INTO MONDAY WILL SLOWLY MOVE EASTWARD. THIS WILL PULL A WARM FRONT INTO OUR AREA MONDAY, THEN A COLD FRONT MOVES THROUGH MONDAY NIGHT. A COUPLE OF COLD FRONTS THEN CROSS OUR AREA TUESDAY AND LATER WEDNESDAY. && .NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 PM THIS EVENING/... THE AXIS OF A MID LEVEL SHORT WAVE TROUGH EXTENDED FROM THE SUSQUEHANNA RIVER VALLEY DOWN TO CENTRAL VIRGINIA EARLY THIS MORNING. THE FEATURE WILL MOVE EASTWARD AND IT IS FORECAST TO PASS OVERHEAD THIS MORNING. A 35 TO 40 KNOT LOW LEVEL JET EXTENDED FROM OVER OUR REGION UP TO NEW ENGLAND EARLY THIS MORNING AND IT WAS ENHANCING THE ATMOSPHERIC LIFT AND THE SHOWER ACTIVITY. THE LOW LEVEL JET IS FORECAST TO MOVE TO OUR EAST THIS MORNING, AS WELL. THE MAIN AREA OF RAIN SHOWERS EXTENDED FROM SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND, ACROSS SOUTHERN NEW JERSEY AND THE ADJACENT COASTAL WATERS TO THE UPPER DELMARVA AROUND 600 AM. THE BACK EDGE OF THE AREA OF SHOWERS IS EXPECTED TO BE OFF OUR COAST BY ABOUT 830 AM OR SO. AS THE ATMOSPHERE MOISTENS THIS MORNING, CLOUD CEILINGS WILL CONTINUE TO LOWER. WE ARE ANTICIPATING AN OVERCAST SKY FOR MUCH OF THE MORNING, EVEN AFTER MOST OF THE SHOWERS PASS OFF THE COAST. DAYTIME HEATING WILL LIKELY CAUSE THE CLOUD COVER TO LIFT AND BREAK A BIT FOR THE AFTERNOON HOURS. A SURFACE TROUGH FROM THE NORTHWEST IS FORECAST TO DROP INTO OUR REGION AT THAT TIME. MIXED LAYER CAPE VALUES MAY RISE INTO THE 500 TO 700 J/KG RANGE FROM THE MID AFTERNOON INTO THE EARLY EVENING HOURS, ESPECIALLY NEAR AND AHEAD OF THE SLOW MOVING SURFACE TROUGH. AS A RESULT, WE WILL CONTINUE TO CARRY SCATTERED SHOWERS AND ISOLATED THUNDERSTORMS FOR THAT PERIOD OF TIME. THE WIND WILL FAVOR THE SOUTH AND SOUTHWEST FOR TODAY AROUND 10 MPH. TEMPERATURES ARE FORECAST TO RISE INTO THE LOWER 70S IN MUCH OF OUR REGION, WITH READINGS NOT EXPECTED TO GET ABOVE THE 60S IN THE ELEVATED TERRAIN AND ALONG THE COAST. && .SHORT TERM /6 PM THIS EVENING THROUGH 6 AM SATURDAY/... SCATTERED SHOWERS ARE FORECAST TO LINGER ON THE COASTAL PLAIN INTO THIS EVENING. A SECONDARY MID LEVEL SHORT WAVE TROUGH APPROACHING FROM THE NORTHWEST IS EXPECTED TO PASS OVERHEAD AT THAT TIME. THE SURFACE TROUGH IS ANTICIPATED TO MOVE OFF THE COAST AND OUT TO SEA LATE TONIGHT. WE ARE EXPECTING DRY AIR TO BEGIN FILTERING INTO OUR REGION FROM THE NORTHWEST DURING THE COURSE OF THE NIGHT. THE LAST OF THE SCATTERED SHOWERS WILL LIKELY BE OFF THE COAST BY MIDNIGHT AND CLOUDS WILL BE ON THE DECREASE FROM NORTHWEST TO SOUTHEAST. A LIGHT SOUTHWEST WIND IS ANTICIPATED TO VEER GRADUALLY TO THE WEST AND NORTHWEST. MINIMUM TEMPERATURES SHOULD BE MOSTLY IN THE UPPER 40S IN THE NORTH AND IN THE LOWER AND MIDDLE 50S ELSEWHERE. && .LONG TERM /SATURDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/... THE SYNOPTIC SETUP IS COMPRISED OF AN UPPER-LEVEL TROUGH THAT UNDERGOES AMPLIFICATION SATURDAY ACROSS THE NORTHEAST. AS THIS OCCURS, A CLOSED LOW EJECTS ACROSS THE PLAINS INTO SUNDAY. THIS FEATURE BUILDS RIDGING DOWNSTREAM, WHICH RESULTS IN DRY WEATHER FOR OUR WEEKEND. AN AIR MASS CHANGE THOUGH WILL TAKE PLACE LATE SATURDAY AS A STRONG BUT DRY COLD FRONT MOVES THROUGH. THE CLOSED LOW LOOKS TO GET ABSORBED INTO A LARGE SCALE TROUGH FROM THE MIDWEST AS IT UNDERGOES AMPLIFICATION EASTWARD THROUGH EARLY NEXT WEEK. THIS MAY THEN RESULT IN ANOTHER CLOSED LOW ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES REGION TUESDAY THROUGH THURSDAY. THE MAIN PRECIPITATION EVENT STILL LOOKS TO OCCUR ON MONDAY, AND THE RAIN COULD BE HEAVY AT TIMES. THE PATTERN THEREAFTER RESULTS IN CYCLONIC FLOW ACROSS THE EAST ALONG WITH COOLING. WE USED A MODEL BLEND FOR SATURDAY INTO MONDAY, THEN BLENDED IN THE 00Z WPC GUIDANCE. SOME ADJUSTMENTS WERE THEN MADE FOLLOWING ADDITIONAL COLLABORATION WITH OUR NEIGHBORING OFFICES. FOR SATURDAY AND SUNDAY...A POTENT SHORT WAVE IS FORECAST TO MOVE ACROSS NEW ENGLAND WITH LOW PRESSURE AT THE SURFACE, AND THIS WILL AMPLIFY AN UPPER-LEVEL TROUGH ACROSS THE NORTHEAST. AN ASSOCIATED COLD FRONT IS FORECAST TO MOVE THROUGH OUR AREA DURING SATURDAY AFTERNOON THEN STALL TO OUR SOUTH, HOWEVER DESPITE THE FRONTAL ZONE LOOKING STRONGER IS ALSO LOOKS MOISTURE STARVED. AS A RESULT, WE WILL MAINTAIN A DRY SATURDAY. PLENTY OF WARMTH IS FORECAST TO OCCUR AHEAD OF THIS FRONT, WHICH SHOULD BE ENHANCED SOME BY A WEST- NORTHWEST WIND COMPONENT /DOWNSLOPING INTO THE COASTAL PLAIN/. THE FORECAST SOUNDINGS INDICATE A DEEPENING MIXING LAYER AND THIS SHOULD PROMOTE BREEZY CONDITIONS IN THE AFTERNOON HELPING TO LOWER THE DEW POINTS SOME, ESPECIALLY ACROSS THE NORTHERN HALF OF THE CWA. HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS DOWN FROM THE NORTH LATE SATURDAY NIGHT AND SUNDAY, ALLOWING FOR LESS WIND AND A COOLER AIR MASS TO SETTLE IN. THE CLOUDS INCREASE THOUGH MAINLY LATE SUNDAY AS THE NEXT SYSTEM BEGINS TO APPROACH FROM THE SOUTHWEST. A STRENGTHENING LOW-LEVEL JET AND WAA WILL HELP PUSH A WARM FRONT TOWARD OUR AREA OVERNIGHT SUNDAY, AND WITH LIFT INCREASING SOME RAIN SHOULD BEGIN TO ARRIVE AT LEAST INTO OUR SOUTHWEST ZONES LATE. FOR MONDAY AND TUESDAY...AS ENERGY EJECTS EASTWARD FROM A CLOSED LOW AND ALSO FROM THE MIDWEST, A COMPLEX SYSTEM SHOULD EVOLVE AND CONSOLIDATE EASTWARD WITH TIME. THE STRENGTHENING OF A LOW-LEVEL JET MONDAY COMBINED WITH WAA, MOISTURE ADVECTION AND INCREASING LARGE SCALE ASCENT WILL RESULT IN AN AREA OF RAIN OVERSPREADING THE CWA ON MONDAY. AN AREA OF PW AIR OF NEAR 1.5 INCHES IS FORECAST TO SURGE ACROSS THE CWA, THEREFORE THE RAIN COULD BE HEAVY AT TIMES. THE FORECAST SOUNDINGS INDICATE GENERALLY A DEEP SATURATED PROFILE WHICH TENDS TO LIMIT THE INSTABILITY, ALTHOUGH SOME ELEVATED INSTABILITY MAY OCCUR. THE WARM SECTOR MAY GET INTO OUR SOUTHERN ZONES, AND ANY THUNDER MAY OCCUR HERE. AS OF NOW, WE LEFT OUT A THUNDER MENTION GIVEN UNCERTAINTY WITH THE INSTABILITY. THE STEADIEST RAIN TAPERS TO SHOWERS MONDAY NIGHT WHICH SHOULD BE SHIFTING TO OUR NORTHEAST AND EAST AS A COLD FRONT ARRIVES. A ROBUST LOW-LEVEL JET WILL SLIDE ACROSS THE AREA MONDAY, AND THE SURFACE FLOW FROM THE SOUTHEAST MAY BE GUSTY AT TIMES ESPECIALLY CLOSER TO THE COAST. LOW PRESSURE AND A COLD FRONT SHOULD BE EXITING TO OUR EAST TUESDAY MORNING, WITH ANY SHOWERS ENDING. AN UPPER-LEVEL TROUGH THOUGH IS FORECAST TO LINGER FROM THE GREAT LAKES TO THE NORTHEAST WITH CYCLONIC FLOW RESULTING. SOME SHOWERS MAY PERSIST TUESDAY ESPECIALLY ACROSS THE NORTHERN ZONES. FOR WEDNESDAY AND THURSDAY...AN UPPER-LEVEL TROUGH FROM THE MIDWEST TO NEW ENGLAND LOOKS TO DEVELOP INTO A CLOSED LOW IN THE VICINITY OF THE GREAT LAKES. THIS WILL RESULT IN CYCLONIC FLOW ACROSS OUR AREA, ALTHOUGH IT IS NOT REAL CLEAR HOW SHORT WAVE ENERGY WITHIN THE FLOW RESULTS IN SOME STRONGER FORCING AS THE MAIN SYSTEM MAY START TO SHEAR NORTHEASTWARD WITH TIME. THESE SHORT WAVES SHOULD SEND A COUPLE OF COLD FRONTS OUR WAY, WITH ONE ON TUESDAY AND ANOTHER PROBABLY LATER WEDNESDAY INTO THURSDAY. THERE MAY BE ENOUGH LIFT WITHIN THE CYCLONIC FLOW COMBINED WITH DAYTIME HEATING TO PROMOTE A FEW SHOWERS MAINLY ACROSS THE NORTH. OVERALL, WE FAVORED THE WPC GUIDANCE DURING THIS TIME FRAME WHICH ALSO ADVERTISES COOLING TEMPERATURES. && .AVIATION /10Z FRIDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/... THE FOLLOWING DISCUSSION IS FOR KPHL, KPNE, KTTN, KABE, KRDG, KILG, KMIV, KACY AND SURROUNDING AREAS. AN AREA OF SHOWERS WILL CONTINUE TO MOVE FROM WEST TO EAST ACROSS OUR TAF SITES THROUGH ABOUT 1300Z. THE SHOWERS WILL MOISTEN THE LOW LEVELS OF THE ATMOSPHERE AND LOW CLOUDS ARE FORECAST TO CONTINUE DEVELOPING. IFR CEILINGS ARE ANTICIPATED FOR THIS MORNING AT MOST OF OUR TAF SITES. DAYTIME HEATING IS FORECAST TO CAUSE THE CLOUD COVER TO LIFT BACK TO VFR AND BREAK A BIT FOR THIS AFTERNOON. SCATTERED SHOWERS AND ISOLATED THUNDERSTORMS MAY DEVELOP FROM ABOUT MID AFTERNOON INTO THE EARLY EVENING. WE WILL BEGIN TO MENTION THE POTENTIAL FOR THESE RAIN SHOWERS IN THE 1200Z TAFS. THEIR TIMING WILL FAVOR THE PERIOD FROM 1900Z UNTIL 2200Z. THE CHANCE FOR THUNDER AT ANY ONE TAF SITE REMAINS LOW AND IT WILL NOT BE MENTIONED AT THIS TIME. THE SCATTERED PRECIPITATION IS FORECAST TO PASS OFF THE COAST THIS EVENING WITH VFR CEILINGS THEN CLEARING SKIES ANTICIPATED FOR OVERNIGHT. A SOUTH TO SOUTHWEST WIND AROUND 8 TO 12 KNOTS TODAY IS FORECAST TO SHIFT TO THE WEST AND NORTHWEST FOR TONIGHT AT 8 KNOTS OR LESS. OUTLOOK... SATURDAY AND SUNDAY...OVERALL VFR. A DRY COLD FRONT MOVES THROUGH SATURDAY AFTERNOON WITH GUSTY WEST-NORTHWEST WINDS, THEN HIGH PRESSURE ARRIVES FOR SUNDAY WITH LESS WIND. MONDAY AND TUESDAY...MVFR/IFR WITH PERIODS OF RAIN MONDAY, THEN SOME IMPROVEMENT TUESDAY HOWEVER SOME SHOWERS POSSIBLE. LOW-LEVEL WIND SHEAR MAY BE PRESENT FOR A TIME MONDAY WITH SURFACE WINDS FROM THE SOUTHEAST THEN TURNING TO THE SOUTHWEST AND INCREASING THROUGH ABOUT 2000 FEET. && .MARINE... HIGH PRESSURE WILL CONTINUE TO MOVE FARTHER OUT TO SEA TODAY. A SURFACE TROUGH FROM THE NORTHWEST IS FORECAST TO REACH THE COASTAL WATERS OF NEW JERSEY AND DELAWARE TONIGHT. WIND SPEEDS AND WAVE HEIGHTS ARE EXPECTED TO REMAIN BELOW THE SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY CRITERIA FOR TODAY AND TONIGHT. MILD AIR WILL CONTINUE TO ADVECT OVER THE COLD WATER DURING TODAY AND THE EARLY PART OF TONIGHT, UNTIL THE SURFACE TROUGH ARRIVES. AS A RESULT, SOME FOG MAY DEVELOP OVER THE WATERS ESPECIALLY FOR THE AFTERNOON AND EARLY NIGHTTIME HOURS. OUTLOOK... SATURDAY AND SUNDAY...THE CONDITIONS ARE ANTICIPATED TO BE BELOW SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY CRITERIA OVERALL. HOWEVER, THERE SHOULD BE NEAR-SHORE GUSTS UP TO 25 KNOTS SATURDAY AFTERNOON DUE TO BETTER MIXING AND THEN LESS WIND FOR SUNDAY. MONDAY AND TUESDAY...A ROBUST LOW-LEVEL JET MOVES THROUGH MONDAY WITH A STORM SYSTEM, AND THIS SHOULD RESULT IN GUSTS UP TO 30 KNOTS FROM THE SOUTHEAST. THE SOUNDINGS INDICATE A STABLE LAYER NEAR THE SURFACE, THEREFORE THE STRONGEST WINDS SHOULD REMAIN ABOVE THE SURFACE. THE WINDS THEN DIMINISH MONDAY NIGHT AND TUESDAY. THE SEAS ARE EXPECTED TO BUILD TO AND ABOVE 5 FEET ON THE OCEAN, HOWEVER WE DID SHAVE OFF ABOUT A FOOT FROM THE WAVEWATCH GUIDANCE AS IT MAY BE TO HIGH WITH THE MIXING. DESPITE THE WINDS BELOW ADVISORY CRITERIA TUESDAY, SEAS MAY BE SLOW TO SUBSIDE ON THE OCEAN. && .FIRE WEATHER... FOR SATURDAY, A STRONG BUT DRY COLD FRONT WILL MOVE THROUGH DURING THE AFTERNOON, WITH GUSTY WEST TO NORTHWEST WINDS DEVELOPING. THE AIR MASS IS EXPECTED TO BE WARM, HOWEVER THE DEW POINTS SHOULD DROP DURING THE COURSE OF THE DAY. THE MORE SUBSTANTIAL DRY PUSH LOOKS TO OCCUR LATER IN THE AFTERNOON AND ESPECIALLY AT NIGHT. THE COMBINATION OF WARM AND DRYING AIR ALONG WITH GUSTY AFTERNOON WINDS WILL LEAD TO A RAPID DRYING OF THE FINE FUELS, ESPECIALLY FROM ABOUT THE PHILADELPHIA METRO AREA ON NORTHWARD. THIS WOULD RESULT IN AN INCREASED RISK OF FIRE SPREAD PARTICULARLY IF THE FUEL MOISTURE LOWERS TO CRITICAL LEVELS. && .PHI WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... PA...NONE. NJ...NONE. DE...NONE. MD...NONE. MARINE...NONE. && $$ SYNOPSIS...GORSE NEAR TERM...IOVINO SHORT TERM...IOVINO LONG TERM...GORSE AVIATION...GORSE/IOVINO MARINE...GORSE/IOVINO FIRE WEATHER...GORSE

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