Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Mt. Holly, NJ

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000 FXUS61 KPHI 200845 AFDPHI Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Mount Holly NJ 445 AM EDT WED JUL 20 2016 .SYNOPSIS... High pressure will remain over the region through Friday. A cold front may move into the area and dissipate Friday night into Saturday. Strong high pressure then re-establishes itself into next week, but another cold front will slowly approach from the northwest late in the weekend. && .NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 PM THIS EVENING/...
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High pressure was located over the Great Lakes region early this morning. Meanwhile, a stationary front was analyzed over the Washington DC area, extending eastward into the Delmarva and southern NJ. The airmass south of the boundary is moist (dewpoints in the upper 60s-lower 70s) and unstable (MUCAPE 1500-2000 J/KG) while much drier air (dewpoints in the upper 50s to low 60s) resides north of the boundary. Strong to severe thunderstorms develop in the unstable warm sector during the night as an upper shortwave trough moved southeastward toward the Chesapeake and Delaware Bays. Additional showers and isolated storms will continue to develop early this morning in the northern Delmarva and southern NJ, where low-level convergence along the front will provide enough lift for parcels to their LFC. The environment is slightly more stable and thus not as favorable for severe storms this far north as it is over the lower Delmarva. There is quite a bit of model disagreement regarding how the front moves over the course of the day. There will be a brief wind surge out of the northeast this morning as high pressure builds in from the north, so this may cause the front to drift southward a bit through midday. However, the front may waver back to the north during the mid to late afternoon as a piece of the high pressure system moves offshore and light southerly flow develops. We are confident that areas north of the PA turnpike and I-195 should stay dry and see plenty of sunshine today. Farther south, especially into far southern NJ and the Delmarva, are at risk of seeing additional showers and storms that form during peak heating this afternoon. These areas will reside along and south of the front. We think the 00/06Z NAM is a little too bullish on low- level moisture and instability (NAM forecast profiles show 2-3 kJ/kg of SBCAPE) across our far southern areas. However, even if it`s overdone by a factor of two (which is more in line with the RAP/HRRR), there will be a significant dry layer present above the moist boundary layer. There is a conditional threat for pulse severe storms today in this favorable environment for wet- microbursts. PoPs mostly follow a blend of HRRR/RAP/SREF with slightly modifications to remove the noise caused by the hi-res model forecast grids. It will feel very comfortable out today for a middle of summer day in the mid-Atlantic region. Temperatures will be in the mid 80s across most of the area; cooler along the shore and across the higher terrain.
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&& .SHORT TERM /6 PM THIS EVENING THROUGH 6 AM THURSDAY/...
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High pressure will move overhead tonight. Shower or storms that develop this afternoon across the Delmarva and far southern NJ should dissipate toward sunset, although cannot rule out an isolated shower or storm in our southern most zones after dark where elevated instability is forecast to reside. The setup will be favorable for radiational fog with clear skies and light winds under the high. Not expecting fog to be widespread across the entire area though given how short the night is right now.
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&& .LONG TERM /THURSDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/...
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Sfc high pres will be over the area Thursday-Friday and there will likely be few clouds. However, conds will be genly pleasant but withe increasing humidity by Fri. Aloft, a large and strong h5 ridge will be parked over the mid-section of the country and will gradually shift a bit ewd. A cdfnt will move acrs the region later Fri aftn into Fri eve and bring probably the best chc of any precip in the next 7 days. There is still some uncertainty as to how much of the heat associated with this ridge we get and when. Latest guid now indicates the peak of the heat will be Sun and Mon, and the GFS continues to be the hottest of the mdls and got even hotter with its 12Z run. The ECMWF, which trended cooler last night has gotten hotter again. Some for of heat headlines may be needed over the weekend or into next week. The CMC a bit cooler. Temps look to be well into the 90s Fri-Mon, with dewpoints becoming worse by Sun and Mon. There is always the chc of some diurnal convection in a humid ams, but the guid differs on its extent especially around Mon.
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&& .AVIATION /08Z WEDNESDAY THROUGH SUNDAY/...
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The following discussion is for KPHL, KPNE, KTTN, KABE, KRDG, KILG, KMIV, KACY and surrounding areas. Isolated showers and storms in VC of MIV early this morning. These should stay south of ACY and ILG. VFR expected for the TAF sites today with most of the showers and storms remaining south of the terminals. The convection could be close to ILG- MIV- ACY though but confidence not high enough to mention with 06Z TAFs. Light N-NE winds early this morning will veer more out of the NE or E-N after sunrise. A brief wind surge near 10 kt could accompany this wind shift. Winds then become light and variable around midday before the direction favors more out of the S or SE late in the day. There is a chance for fog late tonight into the early morning hours on Thursday. Winds will be light and variable tonight. OUTLOOK... Thu...VFR. High pressure. High confidence. Fri...Mainly VFR. However, shra/tsra psbl with lcl mvfr and psbl ifr late Fri aftn into Fri night. Moderate to high confidence. Sat through Sun. Mainly VFR. High pressure. High confidence. A slight chc of diurnal tsra n and w on sun aftn.
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&& .MARINE...
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Storms are moving into the coastal waters off DE. These storms may pose a threat to mariners (locally strong winds and higher seas as well as lightning) early morning as they move eastward. Otherwise, winds and seas will remain below Small Craft Advisory criteria. Nly winds will veer out of the NE early this morning. The could gust 15 to 20 kt this morning. Winds will slacken a bit early this afternoon and then shift out of the S-SE late in the day. OUTLOOK... Thu and Fri....Predominately sub-SCA conditions in S-SW flow. However, there is a chance some wind gusts near 25 knots on Fri, as well as increasing seas in advance of a cdfnt. Sat and Sun...Brief elevated wind/seas are psbl early Sat before subsiding to below SCA for the remainder of the pd. RIP CURRENTS... The risk for the formation of dangerous rip currents today will be low at the DE and NJ beaches, but very localized moderate rips are possible, especially along the NJ coast where onshore flow will be strongest this morning. We have had some reports of upwelling along the coast, where temperatures have dropped into the low 60s.
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&& .PHI WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... PA...None. NJ...None. DE...None. MD...None. MARINE...None. && $$ Synopsis...Klein/Nierenberg Near Term...Klein Short Term...Klein Long Term...Nierenberg Aviation...Klein/Nierenberg Marine...Klein/Nierenberg

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