Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Raleigh/Durham, NC

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480 FXUS62 KRAH 220308 AFDRAH Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Raleigh NC 1010 PM EST Sat Jan 21 2017 .SYNOPSIS...
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A potent low pressure system will track northeast from the Deep South into the Carolinas on Sunday, linger over the area on Monday, then track offshore the Mid- Atlantic coast on Tuesday.
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As of 1010 PM Saturday... Bulk of rain has lifted northward, with the back edge about to exit into southern Virginia. This band of rain being ushered nwd by a mesoscale convective vortex, spun off from last night`s convection in the Deep South. At the surface, a wavy sfc boundary still stretched east-west in vicinity of the SC border with a weak sfc wave noted south of CLT. This wave projected to lift nwd overnight, taking the sfc boundary through the southern Piedmont and Sandhills, and stalling south of Raleigh by morning. Expect to see areas of fog develop north of this boundary with the potential for dense fog along and north of highway 64 by morning. A dense fog advisory may be needed overnight into the first half of Sunday morning over the north half of central NC. Overnight temperatures will vary from near 50 far north to the upper 50s/near 60 far south. These temperatures are more typical for daytime highs for this time of year rather than overnight lows.
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&& .SHORT TERM /SUNDAY THROUGH SUNDAY NIGHT/... As of 320 PM Saturday... ...Severe storms possible, especially over southern and eastern NC, late Sunday.... There should be ongoing showers and possibly a few thunderstorms Sunday morning, associated with increasing upper diffluence ahead of a deepening upper trough over the Deep South and possibly an MCV from Lower Miss Valley convection tonight. Given the stable airmass over central NC today will hold tonight, the convection should be elevated and not pose a severe threat. The biggest concern will be how the early morning precip impacts destablization during the afternoon, as the upper trough closes off and a surface low deepens toward the southern Appalachians. The primary surface low will initially be over the mid-Miss Valley region, while a secondary low develops over northern Georgia. The two lows are then forecast to consolidate and deepen sub-990mb (-4 to -5 STD) somewhere in the vicinity of the TN/NC/VA border area Sunday night, an fairly typical pattern. Thus, confidence is still below average in the details of potential severe weather on Sunday evening. Strong upper level forcing will arrive after 20Z under increasing diffluence and 100+ meter height falls, not to mention the couple left exit/right entrance regions of the upper jet. Convection will increase from the south during the evening as low-level warm advection increases and a 50kt LLJ crosses SC and southeast NC. It seems pretty certain that a QLCS will cross northern FL, GA and SC, and the question continues to be how far north the line will extend as the warm front penetrates inland in the lingering wedge airmass over central NC. The deepening of the surface low just west of the mountains and the isallobaric response should help to draw the low/mid 60 dewpoint air into the the Piedmont, at least as far as US-1, resulting MLCAPE that could approach 1000 J/KG. This combined with a 100kt flow at 500mb and strong backed low-level flow would support some discrete supercells and a straight line wind/tornado threat, especially in the vicinity of the retreating warm front. It is also possible that the QLCS to our south disrupts moisture transport and mass fields to the north, and renders convection less robust. The main takeaway is that there is a lot in place for severe weather, but tonight`s precip and the mesoscale evolution to our south still leads to a fair amount of uncertainty. QPF on Sunday and Sunday night will be heavy in spots given the unseasonably moist airmass, but widespread flooding is not expected. One area to watch may be the northwest Piedmont Sunday night as the upper low pivots over the mountains and moderate is is potentially sustained for several hours. otherwise, the bulk of the deep convection is expected to depart to the east by 06Z Monday && .LONG TERM /MONDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/... As of 230 PM Saturday... The departing upper low will give way to height rises on Tuesday, with a brief stint of high pressure at the surface. The ridging aloft will quickly give way to increasingly cyclonic flow aloft as a broad trough develops over the eastern US through the end of the week. A shortwave moving out of the Southwest is forecast to lift and shear across the Midwest States Wednesday/Thursday, resulting in limited moisture/lift over our region as the cold front crosses the area early Thursday. The GFS and ECWMF are in pretty good agreement on the timing of the front, but the GFS brings a secondary wave through the base of the trough, resulting in anafrontal precip on Thursday. Confidence in the longwave pattern and trend from above normal temps Tuesday/Wednesday toward below normal is high, but the details of the midweek precip are still uncertain. && .AVIATION /00Z SUNDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/... As of 705 PM Saturday... 24-Hour TAF period: High confidence that poor aviation conditions will persist through at least 15Z Sunday and likely through the TAF period at KINT and KGSO. The showers will continue to move NE through and out of central NC by roughly 04Z, with a brief and slight improvement in visibilities where rain is falling. Once the rain ends, expect mostly LIFR/IFR conditions to dominate the remainder of the night and into the day Sunday. There may also be a brief period of low level wind shear tonight between 00Z and 09Z at RDU/FAY/RWI, as a generally Sly low level jet surges northward ahead of the surface low, atop lingering light surface winds. Expect another round or two of rain to move through Central NC on Sunday, with some thunderstorms possible late in the day (best chances at KFAY and KRWI, worst chances at KINT and KGSO). There is still uncertainty with respect to if/when/and to what extent KRDU, KRWI, and KFAY will improve Sunday afternoon. -KC Looking ahead: Generally sub-VFR conditions will persist through Sunday night, as a powerful upper level low and deepening sfc low pressure system track across the TN Valley and Srn Middle Atlantic states. However, a brief lifting to MVFR or scattering to VFR will be possible south of the Triad terminals early Sunday afternoon, when a warm front is expected to retreat farther Nwd into central NC. There will also be episodes of convection, focused around both midday Sunday and again Sunday evening, the latter of which could become severe and produce damaging sfc wind gusts and perhaps an isolated tornado or two. The powerful upper level low and attendant sfc low will linger over the region Monday and result sub-VFR ceilings and scattered convection. Improvement should begin by Tuesday as the system tracks toward the Mid-Atlantic coast, though gusty NW winds are likely Tue afternoon. -MWS && .RAH WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... None. && $$ SYNOPSIS...MWS NEAR TERM...WSS SHORT TERM...SMITH LONG TERM...SMITH AVIATION...KC/MWS is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.