Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Raleigh/Durham, NC

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000 FXUS62 KRAH 271959 AFDRAH AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE RALEIGH NC 259 PM EST FRI FEB 27 2015 .SYNOPSIS...COLD HIGH PRESSURE OVER THE CENTRAL PLAINS WILL BUILD INTO THE MID ATLANTIC THROUGH SATURDAY. && .NEAR TERM /THROUGH SATURDAY NIGHT/... AS OF 250 PM FRIDAY... TEMPS HAVE WARMED NICELY TODAY (CURRENTLY 50 AT KPOB) ACROSS THE PORTIONS OF OUR CWA THAT RECEIVED LITTLE OR NO SNOW...WHILE A SHIELD OF STRATOCU AROUND 5K FT OVER OUR SNOW-COVERED COUNTIES LIMITED THE SUNSHINE...WITH TEMPS ONLY CLIMBING TO AROUND 40 SO FAR. HIGH PRESSURE CURRENTLY CENTERED OVER THE MIDWEST AND OHIO VALLEY WILL BUILD EAST TONIGHT AND USHER IN A REINFORCEMENT OF COLDER AIR INTO OUR AREA OVERNIGHT. AFTER THE BL WINDS SHIFT TO NE AND INCREASE LATER THIS EVENING...WE`LL SEE FALLING TEMPS AND INCREASING MOISTURE IN THE LOWEST 4K FT...WHICH WILL RESULT IN A LOW STRATUS DECK FORMING AND EXPANDING TO THE SOUTH AND WEST DURING THE OVERNIGHT HOURS. SOME OF THE HIGH-RES MODELS EVEN TRY TO CREATE A FEW PATCHES OF FLURRIES OVERNIGHT WHEN THE LEADING EDGE OF THE COLDER AIR ARRIVES. EVEN THOUGH THE LOW LEVEL LAPSE RATES WILL BE IMPRESSIVE, THE DEPTH OF THIS LAYER SEEMS TOO SHALLOW TO PRODUCE PRECIP. WILL KEEP AN EYE ON THIS THROUGH THE EVENING...BUT FOR NOW WILL LEAVE OUT OF THE FORECAST. LOWS TONIGHT IN THE MID 20S. AS FOR BLACK ICE...DESPITE A DAY OF GOOD MELTING TODAY...THE POTENTIAL FOR BLACK ICE TONIGHT AND SAT MORNING IS STILL THERE FOR AREAS THAT RECEIVED THE HEAVIEST SNOW. AFTER COORDINATING WITH OFFICIALS FROM SEVERAL OF THE HARDEST HIT COUNTIES...WE HAVE DECIDED TO ISSUE AN ADVISORY FOR BLACK ICE FOR TONIGHT FOR OUR VA BORDER COUNTIES...AND FOR FORSYTH EAST TO FRANKLIN. WE WILL ALSO ISSUE AN SPS FOR THE REMAINING COUNTIES THAT GOT LESSER AMOUNTS OF SNOW TO COVER THE MORE ISOLATED NATURE OF BLACK ICE POTENTIAL. FOR SATURDAY...COOL HIGH PRESSURE WILL CONTINUE BUILDING SOUTH DURING THE DAY SATURDAY...RESULTING IN FAIR WEATHER WITH BELOW- NORMAL TEMPS. HIGHS ONLY IN THE MID 30S. LIKE TODAY...IF THERE IS LESS CLOUD COVER THAN FORECAST...THE SUN COULD HELP WARM TEMPS SEVERAL DEGREES HIGHER THAN FORECAST. SATURDAY NIGHT...FLOW IN THE 925-850 MB LAYER WILL TURN TO THE SW AND BEGIN ADVECTING MOISTURE UP INTO OUR AREA AS THE 850MB RIDGE MOVES EAST AHEAD OF THE TROUGH MOVING ACROSS THE UPPER MISS VALLEY. WITH THE SFC RIDGE AXIS HOLDING FIRMLY IN PLACE ACROSS OUR AREA... THE SUBSEQUENT OVERRUNNING AND UPGLIDE WILL RESULT IN INCREASING CLOUDS OVERNIGHT. THERE ARE VARYING SOLUTIONS RIGHT NOW REGARDING WHEN PRECIP WILL DEVELOP ACROSS OUR AREA...BUT THE PRECIP START TIME IS IMPORTANT BECAUSE IF IT STARTS EARLY ENOUGH...SAY A FEW HOURS EITHER SIDE OF SUNRISE...IT MAY BE COLD ENOUGH STILL FOR A VERY BRIEF PERIOD OF FREEZING RAIN AT THE ONSET OF PRECIP. EVEN IF THE EARLIER SOLUTIONS WERE TO VERIFY...THE QPF DURING THAT TIME WOULD BE VERY LIGHT...SO LITTLE IF ANY IMPACTS WOULD BE EXPECTED. IT`S DEFINITELY WORTH KEEPING AN EYE ON. LOWS IN THE MID TO UPPER 20S. && .SHORT TERM /SUNDAY THROUGH MONDAY NIGHT/...
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AS OF 240 PM FRIDAY... SURFACE HIGH PRESSURE RIDGING INTO CENTRAL NC FROM THE NORTHEAST WILL LINGER OVER THE AREA THROUGH SUNDAY...WITH CONTINUED COLD ADVECTION AND CLOUDY SKIES. HIGHS EXPECTED TO BE MAINLY IN THE UPPER 30S NW TO MID 40S SE. THE SURFACE HIGH WILL BE SUPPRESSED TO THE SOUTHEAST SUNDAY EVE/NIGHT AS A SURFACE LOW TRAVERSES THE GREAT LAKES AND ITS ASSOCIATED COLD FRONT PUSHES SE TOWARD THE REGION. RAINFALL COULD BEGIN AS EARLY AS MONDAY AFT/EVE AHEAD OF THE FRONT AS WARM MOIST SOUTHWEST FLOW ABOVE THE SURFACE OVERRUNS THE COLD AIR AT THE SURFACE...PARTICULARLY IN THE WESTERN PORTIONS OF THE AREA... ALTHOUGH THE GFS IS A BIT MORE EXCITED ABOUT THAT POSSIBILITY THAN THE ECMWF. THERE WILL HOPEFULLY BE ENOUGH WARM ADVECTION FROM THE SOUTHWEST AHEAD OF THE FRONT TO KEEP TEMPERATURES ABOVE FREEZING...AS A NON-DIURNAL TEMPERATURE CURVE IS ANTICIPATED FROM 18Z SUNDAY THROUGH 00Z TUESDAY. REGARDLESS...FORECAST SOUNDINGS SHOW ENOUGH OF A WARM NOSE ABOVE THE SURFACE AND LIMITED MOISTURE IN THE ICE NUCLEATION REGION THAT PRECIPITATION SHOULD BE ALL LIQUID. TEMPERATURES SHOULD RISE APPROXIMATELY 5 DEGREES OR SO OVERNIGHT INTO THE UPPER 30S NW TO MID 40S SE BY MONDAY MORNING. BY SUNRISE MONDAY THE COLD FRONT IS EXPECTED TO BE ON THE DOORSTEP OF CENTRAL NC...WITH THE BEST RAINFALL CHANCES ACTUALLY ENDING WELL AHEAD OF THE FRONT. THE MODELS SHOW THE RAINFALL ALONG THE MAIN AXIS OF THE FRONT DISSIPATING AS IT CROSSES THE MOUNTAINS AND THE FRONT BECOMING ORIENTED MORE WEST TO EAST THROUGH CENTRAL NC MONDAY AFT/EVE. DIFFERENCES/UNCERTAINTY IN THE TIMING AND LOCATION OF THE FRONT AS IT SETTLES SOUTH WILL RESULT IN A FAIRLY BIG MARGIN FOR ERROR IN THE MAX AND MIN TEMPS AS COLD HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS IN FROM THE NORTH BEHIND THE FRONT. FOR NOW EXPECT HIGHS AROUND 50 DEGREES NORTH TO MID 50S SOUTH AND LOWS IN THE LOW 30S NORTH TO UPPER 30S SOUTH.
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&& .LONG TERM /MONDAY NIGHT THROUGH THURSDAY/... AS OF 320 AM FRIDAY... STRONG SURFACE HIGH PRESSURE WILL BUILD INTO THE AREA FROM THE NORTHWEST ON MONDAY NIGHT INTO TUESDAY... WITH THE AFOREMENTIONED SURFACE FRONT SETTLING TO THE SOUTH OF THE AREA. MEANWHILE... MID LEVEL RIDING WILL BUILD ACROSS THE AREA AS THE MID LEVEL FLOW ACROSS THE CONUS BECOMES MORE AMPLIFIED. THE LATEST GFS AND ECMWF CONTINUE TO DISAGREE WITH HOW QUICKLY WE WILL SEE A MOISTENING SOUTHERLY RETURN FLOW DEVELOP ACROSS THE AREA... POSSIBLY RESULTING IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF ANOTHER CAD AIRMASS. GIVEN WPC CONTINUES TO TREND TOWARDS THE WETTER SIDE OF THE GUIDANCE... WILL CONTINUE TO KEEP SKIES CLOUDY... WITH A CONTINUED CHANCES FOR PRECIP (WHICH IS MORE IN LINE WITH THE LATEST GFS). GIVEN THIS WILL KEEP TEMPS ON THE COOLER SIDE OF GUIDANCE AND GO WITH HIGH TEMPS ON TUESDAY RANDING FROM THE LOWER TO MID 40S NW TO THE LOWER TO MID 50S SE... WITH LOW TEMPS TUESDAY MORNING IN THE MID 30S NORTH TO AROUND 40 SOUTH. AS THE NEXT SURFACE FRONT BEGINS TO APPROACH THE REGION FROM THE WEST... EXPECT ANY LINGERING CAD AIRMASS TO BEGIN TO ERODE. THUS... LOW TEMPS ON TUESDAY NIGHT/WEDNESDAY MORNING COULD OCCUR EARLY IN THE NIGHT... WITH POSSIBLE RISING TEMPS OVERNIGHT. WILL NOT GET THAT DETAILED IN THE GRIDDED FORECAST AT THAT TIME GIVEN UNCERTAINTY OVER IF WE WILL SEE A CAD AIRMASS EVEN DEVELOP. LOWS TUESDAY NIGHT/WEDNESDAY MORNING IN THE LOWER 40S NW TO THE LOWER 50S SE. THE AFOREMENTIONED NEXT SURFACE COLD FRONT WILL SLOWLY MOVE ACROSS THE REGION WEDNESDAY INTO THURSDAY MORNING AS THE SURFACE FRONT BECOMES MORE PARALLE TO THE MID LEVEL FLOW. GIVEN THE SLOW MOVING FRONT WITH ALONG WITH A GOOD TAP OF MOISTURE FROM THE GULF OF MEXICO WE COULD SEE DECENT RAINFALL TOTALS WEDNESDAY (MAINLY NORTHWEST PIEDMONT WEDNESDAY DURING THE DAY... AT THIS TIME) INTO THURSDAY. IN ADDITION... TEMPS AHEAD OF THE FRONT ARE EXPECTED TO REBOUND QUITE NICELY (WITH THE CAD AIRMASS EXPECTED TO ERODE PRIOR TO PASSAGE OF THE COLD FRONT EVEN IN THE NW) TO AROUND 60/LOWER 60S NW TO THE LOWER TO MAYBE EVEN MID 70S SE. HIGHS AND LOWS ON THURSDAY WILL DEPEND ON HOW QUICKLY THE FRONT MOVES THROUGH THE REGION. FOR NOW WILL GO WITH LOWS THURSDAY MORNING IN THE MID 40S TO LOWER 50S... WITH HIGHS IN THE 50S TO LOWER 60S. && .AVIATION /18Z FRIDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/... AS OF 1230 PM FRIDAY... THROUGH 00Z SAT...EXPECTED A BAND OF STRATOCU WITH BASES AROUND 5K FT ACROSS THE TRIAD AND NORTHERN PIEDMONT REGION...AND SCATTERED CU TO THE SOUTHEAST OF THAT REGION. LIGHT NORTH WINDS. 00Z-12Z SAT...LOW LEVEL WIND WILL SHIFT TO THE NE AND INCREASE AS HIGH PRESSURE BUILDS TO OUR NORTH. THIS WILL ADVECT LOW LEVEL MOISTURE INTO THE AREA BENEATH THE INVERSION. THAT...IN COMBINATION WITH SNOW COVER ACROSS THE NORTHERN HALF OF OUR CWA...WILL LEAD TO INCREASING LOW CLOUDS AND SOME FOG OVERNIGHT. IT WILL DEVELOP FIRST NEAR KRWI (SHORTLY AFTER 00Z)...THEN EXPAND SOUTH AND WEST OVERNIGHT. LOOKS FOR MVFR OR IFR CONDITIONS DEVELOPING AT ALL OF OUR TAF SITES (KINT, KGSO, KRDU, KFAY, AND KRWI) DURING THIS TIME. 12Z-18Z SAT...GUIDANCE SHOWS ONLY SLOW IMPROVEMENT AFT SUNRISE...WITH MVFR CONDITIONS CONTINUING THROUGH 18Z. AFT 18Z SAT...FLIGHT CONDITIONS WILL IMPROVE SATURDAY AFTERNOON THROUGH THE NIGHT...THEN RETURNING TO MVFR OR WORSE FROM EARLY SUNDAY THROUGH MONDAY AS LOW CLOUDS AND PRECIP DEVELOP AHEAD OF... THEN ALONG THE NEXT COLD FRONT. SOME BRIEF IMPROVEMENT CAN BE EXPECTED LATE MONDAY BEFORE THE NEXT SYSTEM AND IT`S SUB-VFR CONDITIONS ARRIVE BY TUESDAY. && .RAH WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... WINTER WEATHER ADVISORY FOR BLACK ICE FROM 9 PM THIS EVENING TO 10 AM EST SATURDAY FOR NCZ007>011-021>026-041. && $$ SYNOPSIS...BADGETT NEAR TERM...RAH SHORT TERM...KC LONG TERM...BSD AVIATION...RAH

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