Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Raleigh/Durham, NC

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000 FXUS62 KRAH 281933 AFDRAH Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Raleigh NC 333 PM EDT WED SEP 28 2016 .SYNOPSIS...
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A potent upper level low over the Great Lakes will drift southward through the Ohio valley tonight, stall over the Cumberland Plateau in eastern Tennessee and Kentucky on Thursday and Friday, then retrograde north through the Ohio valley and lower Great Lakes this weekend.
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&& .NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...
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As of 330 PM Wednesday... ...Severe storms and flash flooding possible this evening... Convective initiation is underway in two main areas: 1) along a differential heating boundary over the northwest Piedmont, just downstream of the synoptic front, and 2) an axis of weak mass convergence near I-95. MLCAPE has risen to around 2000 j/kg amidst good diabatic heating, and with mid level flow increasing to around 40kt ahead of the upper low currently dropping toward the Tenn Valley, effective bulk shear has increased to 40-45kt north of roughly Highway 64. These bands may not move very much given system parallel deep layer flow, which will likely lead to training of cells and a flash flood threat. Not issuing a Flash Flood Watch after coordination with neighboring offices, but the threat of flash flood should not be ignored this evening and tonight. Supercells will be possible within the bands, more so toward the VA border where shear is better, and a tornado threat may unfold this evening as low-level winds increase/back and curved hodographs elongate in response to the approaching upper low. Another band of convection (maybe not as intense) should develop tonight as stronger height falls finally arrive and deep forcing is better. There has been relatively good agreement among the large scale models and the ensemble of CAMs of this in the vicinity of US-1 in the 10pm to 3am time frame. Expect lows will be in the upper 60s to around 70 given no movement of the front.
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&& .SHORT TERM /THURSDAY THROUGH FRIDAY NIGHT/...
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As of 120 PM Wednesday... Additional showers and storms with training moderate to heavy rain remains likely over Central NC Thu, with a gradual shift to the ENE on Fri. The powerful mid level low will continue to sit and spin over KY on Thu before drifting/wobbling slightly northward to IN on Fri, with lobes of DPVA sweeping through western and central NC, along/atop the very slow-moving north-south oriented cold/occluded surface frontal zone. PW values remain elevated (over 1.5") over all but the far west Thu, shifting to east of I-95 Fri, beneath nearly continuous bands of pronounced upper divergence. The WRF-ARW/NMM both start the day Thu with a band of convection bisecting the forecast area, drifting slowly eastward through the far eastern Piedmont and Coastal Plain through Fri, filling in with better coverage with time, with a cell motion that presents a threat for training and resultant localized flooding. Will retain, with minor tweaks, the overall pattern of the earlier forecast, with lower chance pops west and high pops in the central/eastern CWA Thu, trending lower WSW to ENE through Fri but remaining high in the far eastern/NE forecast area Fri, tapering off further Fri night. Temps both days will be held down by clouds/precip in the east and by lowering post-front thicknesses in the western CWA. Highs in the upper 70s to lower 80s Thu and in the mid 70s to lower 80s Fri, still slightly above seasonal normals. Lows 60-68 Thu night and 54- 65 Fri night. -GIH
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&& .LONG TERM /SATURDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/... As of 430 AM Wednesday... Overview: High confidence in dry/pleasant conditions over the weekend and early next week gives way to below normal confidence mid/late next week as a highly meridional synoptic pattern evolves over the Continental US and a potentially significant tropical cyclone (yet to develop) could threaten portions of the Southeast coast. A potent upper level low over the Great Lakes will drift southward through the Ohio valley today, stall over the Cumberland Plateau in eastern Tennessee and Kentucky on Thursday and Friday, then retrograde north through the Ohio valley and lower Great Lakes this weekend. An attendant cold front will track east of the Appalachians on Thursday, then stall over eastern portions of the Carolinas Friday into the weekend, gradually washing out late this weekend and early next week. Forecast confidence is above average at the beginning of the long term period (Fri-Sun), but decreases markedly thereafter (Mon-Wed), primarily w/regard to the evolution of the stalled/retrograding upper level low. The 00Z GFS indicates that the upper low will track northward through New England Sun night, at which point it is absorbed by the northern stream jet (Mon) and tracks rapidly NE through the Canadian Maritimes into the northern Atlantic (Tue), with subsidence in the wake of this feature aiding amplification of a deep upper level ridge along the Eastern Seaboard (Wed). The 00Z ECMWF is a little slower and a little further west when retrograding the upper low northward over the weekend. As a consequence, the upper low fails to rendezvous with the northern stream jet (Mon-Tue) and cuts-off along the New England coast (Tue- Wed), precluding significant amplification of an upper level ridge along the Eastern Seaboard as depicted by the GFS. If the robust tropical wave currently approaching the Windward Islands develops into a significant tropical cyclone over the Carribean late this weekend/early next week (as long range guidance continues to suggest), then the evolution of the aforementioned upper level low will likely become a critical piece of the puzzle in determining it`s track and potential impact on the Southeast US coast mid/late next week. -Vincent && .AVIATION /19Z WEDNESDAY THROUGH MONDAY/... As of 150 PM Wednesday... Scattered of morning stratus has yielded VFR most everywhere, with MVFR ceilings holding on in at INT and GSO. Daytime heating and an approaching deep upper low will trigger storms that should become more numerous with time. These will be scattered this afternoon and early evening,but may become focused in a line tonight. Some of the storms may be strong with very heavy rain, and thus LIFR conditions are possible. Some IFR ceilings should develop once the main area of showers moves east, primarily around GSO/INT/RDU, tough additional showers will still be possible throughout the night. Typical daytime improvement in ceilings is expected Thursday morning, though with the the frontal zone still over the region and the upper low settling over the Tenn Valley, another round of strong storms is expected Thursday afternoon. Outlook: Drier air is finally expected to filter into the region on Friday, leading to improved aviation conditions through the weekend. && .RAH WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... None. && $$ SYNOPSIS...VINCENT NEAR TERM...BS SHORT TERM...HARTFIELD LONG TERM...VINCENT AVIATION...BS

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