Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Raleigh/Durham, NC

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000 FXUS62 KRAH 221108 AFDRAH AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE RALEIGH NC 710 AM EDT TUE JUL 22 2014 .SYNOPSIS...AN UPPER LEVEL LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM WILL REMAIN OVER THE GULF COAST STATES THROUGH MIDWEEK... RESULTING IN A MOIST FLOW OFF THE ATLANTIC INTO NORTH CAROLINA. A COLD FRONT WILL APPROACH THE REGION FROM THE NORTH LATE WEDNESDAY... THEN SETTLE SOUTHWARD THROUGH NORTH CAROLINA ON THURSDAY. && .NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/... AS OF 230 AM TUESDAY... FOR TODAY/TONIGHT: WE ANTICIPATE ANOTHER ROUND OF DECENT SHOWER/STORM COVERAGE WITHIN A MOIST AND VOLATILE AIR MASS... WITH ONCE AGAIN THE POTENTIAL FOR POCKETS OF HEAVY RAIN. LATEST SURFACE MAP SHOWS THE FRONTAL ZONE WINDING AROUND THE INTERIOR SOUTHEAST STATES AND ACROSS COASTAL NC... LEADING TO A VERY LIGHT FLOW FROM THE NE OR E INTO NC. THIS WILL KEEP LOW LEVEL ATLANTIC-SOURCE MOISTURE PUMPING INTO THE AREA... AND ALOFT AS WELL AS THE DAMP SURGE EAST AND NORTH OF THE GULF COAST LOW IS EASILY SEEN ON WATER VAPOR IMAGERY... DRAWING IN DEEPER MOISTURE OFF FL AND THE BAHAMAS. GOES SOUNDER PW VALUES ARE WIDESPREAD 2.0-2.5 OVER NC (HIGHEST ACROSS SRN NC)... AND WHILE THE BLENDED TPW AND GSO UA VALUES ARE A BIT LOWER THEY`RE STILL 120-150% OF NORMAL. MODELS SHOW THE HIGHER PW CONTINUE TO SURGE TO THE WNW INTO CENTRAL NC ON THE CYCLONIC MID LEVEL FLOW FROM THE SE AND E TODAY. IT IS POSSIBLE THAT THE BEST COVERAGE COULD HOLD OVER ERN NC AS MODELS INDICATE THAT THE MAXIMUM LOW LEVEL MOISTURE TRANSPORT WILL HOLD EAST OF THE FORECAST AREA TODAY... ALONG AND EAST OF THE STATIONARY FRONTAL ZONE. BUT THIS FRONTAL ZONE SHOULD DISSIPATE TODAY IN FAVOR OF A PIEDMONT TROUGH AS THE OFFSHORE RIDGE BECOMES A BIT MORE DOMINANT WITH THE WESTWARD NUDGE OF THE GULF UPPER LOW... AND FORECAST SOUNDINGS SHOW A DEEP LCL-0C LAYER SUPPORTING WARM RAIN PROCESSES AND HIGH PRECIP EFFICIENCY. WILL TAKE POPS UP TO 50-60%... SPREADING INTO THE SOUTH FIRST THEN TOWARD THE NNW. COVERAGE SHOULD TAPER DOWN FAIRLY QUICKLY TO ISOLATED DURING THE MID-LATE EVENING AS LOW LEVEL FLOW TAKES ON A GREATER WESTERLY COMPONENT. WILL MAINTAIN A THREAT OF LOCALLY HEAVY DOWNPOURS AND ISOLATED FLOODING CONCERNS IN THE HAZARDOUS WEATHER OUTLOOK... GIVEN THE HIGH-PW AND HIGH PRECIP EFFICIENCY COUPLED WITH THE ALREADY-WET GROUND MOST PLACES. MBE MOVEMENT SHOULD BE A BIT GREATER THAN MONDAY... BUT WITH WEAK LOW-MID LEVEL WINDS... SOME SLOWER CONVECTIVE CLUSTERS COULD STILL DROP HIGH RAIN TOTALS. HOWEVER... OVERALL LOW COVERAGE OF THESE HIGHER TOTALS HOWEVER PRECLUDE ISSUING A FLASH FLOOD WATCH AT THIS TIME. HIGHS 83-88. LOWS TONIGHT 71-75 WITH MORE FOG/STRATUS DEVELOPMENT LATE. -GIH && .SHORT TERM /WEDNESDAY THROUGH THURSDAY NIGHT/... AS OF 240 AM TUESDAY... FOR WED/WED NIGHT: THE SURFACE PATTERN WILL FEATURE A PIEDMONT TROUGH AHEAD OF THE COLD FRONT PUSHING TOWARD THE SSE OVER THE OH VALLEY... AS 850 MB FLOW BECOMES MAINLY WESTERLY. WE`LL SEE IMPROVING DEEP LAYER SHEAR AS THE BROAD TROUGH DIGS OVER ERN CANADA/THE GREAT LAKES/NORTHEAST WITH THE WESTERLIES INCHING SOUTHWARD TOWARD NC... PROMPTING DECENT HEIGHT FALLS ALOFT OF 20-50 M. EXPECT REDUCED CLOUDINESS ON WED AS WE LOSE THE TAP OF DEEPER BAHAMIAN MOISTURE WITH MID LEVELS EXHIBITING MINOR DRYING... AND THIS SHOULD NOT ONLY PUSH UP TEMPS (THICKNESSES ARE PROJECTED TO BE 5-8 M HIGHER WED THAN TODAY) BUT SHOULD ALSO PUSH UP INSTABILITY... AND THE SREF MEAN MLCAPE WED IS 1500-2000 J/KG ACROSS THE AREA. DEEP LAYER SHEAR REMAINS MODEST HOWEVER... JUST AROUND 15-20 KTS AT MOST... BUT NEVERTHELESS EXPECT A BIT MORE ORGANIZED SCATTERED STORMS TO DEVELOP. WILL KEEP POPS AS CHANCE... FOCUSED ON THE AFTERNOON/EVENING. HIGHS 89-93. STICKY LOWS OF 71-75 WED NIGHT... WITH A CONTINUED THREAT OF ISOLATED SHOWERS/STORMS AS WE MAINTAIN MARGINAL TO MODERATE INSTABILITY AHEAD OF THE FRONT. -GIH THURSDAY AND THURSDAY NIGHT: AN UPPER LEVEL TROUGH WILL MOVE OVER CENTRAL NC FROM THE WEST AND STALL OVER THE CAROLINAS. THE INITIAL SURFACE FRONT WILL MOVE THROUGH MUCH OF CENTRAL NC THURSDAY AND THURSDAY NIGHT. THE 00Z GFS INDICATES NC WILL BE SITUATED UNDER THE RIGHT ENTRANCE REGION OF THE UPPER LEVEL JET AND FORECASTS MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES OF 6-6.5 C/KM. THE BEST INSTABILITY ON THURSDAY WILL BE ALONG AND EAST OF THE FRONT...WITH MUCAPE AND MLCAPE VALUES FORECAST FROM 1000 J/KG IN THE NW TO 2500 J/KG ALONG THE NC COAST. BULK SHEAR IS ALSO FORECAST TO BE DESCENT TO GOOD...ESPECIALLY ALONG THE EAST AND SE...WITH VALUES OF 25 TO 35 KTS...SUPPORTING MORE ORGANIZED CONVECTION AND INCREASING POTENTIAL FOR STORM TO BECOME SEVERE... ALTHOUGH THE LOW LEVEL SHEAR VALUES WILL BE RELATIVELY WEAK. THUS... EXPECT THE MAIN SEVERE THREATS TO BE DAMAGING WINDS AND HAIL. HEAVY RAIN WILL ALSO BE A THREAT ON THURSDAY GIVEN THE PWAT VALUES AROUND 2 INCHES. EXPECT HIGHS IN THE UPPER 80S NW TO LOW 90S SE AND OVERNIGHT LOWS IN THE MID 60S TO LOW 70S. -KC && .LONG TERM /FRIDAY THROUGH MONDAY/... AS OF 240 AM TUESDAY... FRIDAY AND FRIDAY NIGHT: THE INITIAL SURFACE FRONT WILL MOVE THROUGH MUCH OF CENTRAL NC THURSDAY AND THURSDAY NIGHT...WITH WINDS VEERING AROUND TO THE NORTHWEST AND COOL HIGH PRESSURE BUILDING IN BEHIND IT FOR FRIDAY. IT IS STILL UNCERTAIN HOW FAR THE COOLER AIR WILL MAKE IT INTO THE AREA AS WEAK LOW PRESSURE IS EXPECTED TO SIT ALONG THE CAROLINA COAST FRIDAY AND FRIDAY NIGHT. REGARDLESS...HIGHS ON FRIDAY SHOULD BE 3-5 DEGREES COOLER THAN THURSDAY...MID TO UPPER 80. LOWS IN THE MID 60S TO AROUND 70 DEGREES. GIVEN THE LINGERING SFC LOW ALONG THE COAST AND THE FRONT STALLING IN THE VICINITY OF NC/VA... THERE WILL BE THE CHANCE FOR ADDITIONAL SHOWERS AND STORMS ON FRIDAY ACROSS THE SOUTHEAST. PWATS WILL DECREASE SIGNIFICANTLY THROUGHOUT THE DAY FRIDAY...DOWN TO AROUND 1.00 TO 1.20 INCHES FRIDAY NIGHT AS MID LEVEL DRY AIR IS ADVECTED INTO THE REGION. SATURDAY THROUGH MONDAY: ALTHOUGH THERE MAY BE A LINGERING CHANCE FOR SOME CONVECTION IN THE EAST SATURDAY WITH A SURFACE TROUGH LINGERING ALONG THE CAROLINA COAST...EXPECT MAINLY DRY WEATHER FOR MUCH OF THE AREA AS THE UPPER LEVEL TROUGH SHIFTS OFFSHORE. HIGHS WILL BE GENERALLY IN THE UPPER 80S AND LOWS IN THE UPPER 60S TO LOW 70S. A SERIES OF UPPER LEVEL DISTURBANCES WILL APPROACH CENTRAL NC FROM THE NW ON SUNDAY AND MONDAY. MEANWHILE...THE SURFACE TROUGH WILL LINGER ALONG THE COAST AS A LOW DEEPENS OVER THE GREAT LAKES EARLY NEXT WEEK AND ITS ASSOCIATED FRONT APPROACHES THE REGION FROM THE OH/TN VALLEYS. THEREFORE...EXPECT CHANCES FOR AFT/EVE SHOWERS AND STORMS WITH HIGHS GENERALLY IN THE UPPER 80S TO LOW 90S AND LOWS IN THE MID 60S TO LOW 70S. && .AVIATION /12Z TUESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/...
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AS OF 710 AM TUESDAY... ABOVE-AVERAGE CONFIDENCE IN PREVAILING IFR TO LIFR CONDITIONS UNTIL AROUND 13Z AT ALL TAF AIRFIELDS EXCEPT INT... WHERE A LACK OF RAINFALL YESTERDAY HAS KEPT CONDITIONS MAINLY VFR SO FAR THIS MORNING. CIGS SHOULD RISE SLOWLY TO MVFR BY 15Z WITH VSBYS CLIMBING TO VFR... THEN MVFR CIGS SHOULD RISE TO VFR BY 17Z OR 18Z. ISOLD SHOWERS THROUGH MID MORNING WILL LIKELY GIVE WAY TO GREATER COVERAGE OF SHOWERS AND STORMS AS INSTABILITY INCREASES WITH RISING AND DEEPENING MOISTURE... ALTHOUGH AS WAS THE CASE YESTERDAY... THE DIFFICULTY LIES IN TRYING TO DETERMINE WHICH SITE WILL SEE THE BEST CHANCE FOR SHOWERS/STORMS. IT LOOKS LIKE FAY COULD SEE THE FIRST DEVELOPMENT OF SHOWERS/STORMS BY THE NOON HOUR... WITH ACTIVITY THEN SPREADING TO THE NORTH AND NW TO THE REST OF THE TAF SITES AND INCREASING IN COVERAGE THROUGH THE EARLY/MID AFTERNOON. OVERALL COVERAGE SHOULD BE A LITTLE LESS THAN WE SAW MONDAY. CIGS SHOULD HEAD BACK DOWN TO MVFR AFTER SUNDOWN. WITH DEW POINTS STILL HIGH... IFR CONDITIONS ARE LIKELY ONCE AGAIN AFTER 08Z AT ALL SITES. LOOKING BEYOND 12Z WEDNESDAY MORNING... IFR CONDITIONS ARE EXPECTED TO LAST THROUGH 13Z WED MORNING. THE FRONTAL ZONE ACROSS ERN NC WILL HAVE DISSIPATED WITH SURFACE WINDS MAINLY FROM THE SW WED AHEAD OF THE COLD FRONT APPROACHING FROM THE NORTH AND SLIGHTLY DRIER AIR... SO CLOUD BASES SHOULD RISE TO VFR BY 15Z WED MORNING. VFR CONDITIONS ARE LIKELY TO HOLD THROUGH FRONTAL PASSAGE ON THU (ALTHOUGH SUB-VFR CONDITIONS WITHIN STORMS ARE POSSIBLE THU AFTERNOON/EVENING). EXPECT VFR CONDITIONS TO LAST THROUGH SAT WITH WEAK HIGH PRESSURE BUILDING IN. -GIH
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&& .RAH WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... NONE. && $$ SYNOPSIS...HARTFIELD NEAR TERM...HARTFIELD SHORT TERM...HARTFIELD/KC LONG TERM...KC AVIATION...HARTFIELD

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