Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Charleston, WV

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000 FXUS61 KRLX 210725 AFDRLX AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CHARLESTON WV 218 AM EST SUN DEC 21 2014 .SYNOPSIS...
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WEAK HIGH PRESSURE CROSSES TODAY. SYSTEM CLIPS THE MOUNTAINS MONDAY. STRONG LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM LIFTS NORTHEAST ACROSS THE OHIO VALLEY THROUGH CHRISTMAS EVE.
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&& .NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...
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ONCE AGAIN...HIGH PRESSURE OVER THE AREA DOES NOT MEAN CLEAR SKIES. A STRATUS DECK REMAINS OVER MUCH OF THE AREA THIS MORNING AND THE MODELS ARE STRUGGLING WITH IT DUE TO THE WEAK FLOW. WILL USE A COMBINATION OF THE RUC...HRRR...AND MES NAM. WITH THE STRATUS DECK MOST LIKELY HOLDING LONGEST TODAY IN NORTHERN WEST VIRGINIA...WILL GO ON THE LOWER SIDE OF MOS GUIDANCE THERE. A SYSTEM OVER THE SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES PUSHES SOME MOISTURE INTO THE AREA LATE TONIGHT. SOME PRECIPITATION IS A POSSIBILITY IN THE MOUNTAINS. SOME TEMPERATURES COULD BE BELOW FREEZING HOWEVER...SO SOME FREEZING RAIN OR SLEET IS A POSSIBILITY. CONFIDENCE IS NOT HIGH ENOUGH AT THE MOMENT FOR AN ADVISORY...BUT WILL HAVE TO MONITOR THIS SITUATION CLOSELY.
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&& .SHORT TERM /MONDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/... MID LEVEL RIDGE AXIS CROSSES SUNDAY NIGHT BRINGING A DRIER AIR MASS TO THE AREA. HOWEVER...BUFKIT SOUNDINGS SUGGEST UPPER LEVEL CLOUDS WILL BLANKET THE AREA...WITH LOW LEVEL STRATUS FORMING ALONG THE WESTERN SLOPES AND EASTERN MOUNTAINS SUNDAY NIGHT INTO EARLY MONDAY. MODELS INDICATE A DEVELOPING WEAK SFC LOW PRESSURE ALONG THE SOUTHEAST COAST...MEANWHILE...AT THE MID LEVELS...A WEAK SHORTWAVE CROSSES THE AREA ON MONDAY. THESE TWO SYSTEMS COULD SQUEEZE SOME MOISTURE ACROSS THE EASTERN MOUNTAINS AND PRODUCE LOW CHANCE FOR PRECIPITATION THERE. EXPECT LIGHT RAIN...WITH POCKETS OF LIGHT FREEZING RAIN WHERE TEMPERATURES COULD REMAIN AT OR BELOW FREEZING...AND SOME LIGHT SNOW WITH THIS SCENARIO. TEMPERATURES ACROSS THE LOWLANDS WILL BE IN THE UPPER 30S MONDAY NIGHT. THE WEAK MID LEVEL WAVE COULD BRING LIGHT PCPN ACROSS SOUTHEAST OH BY TUESDAY. INCREASED POPS TO HIGH CHANCE ACROSS SOUTHEAST OH AND SOUTHERN WV WHERE MODELS SHOW SOME AGREEMENT IN THEIR QPF FIELDS. WEAK FLOW BECOMES GENTLE TO MODERATE FROM THE SOUTH AND SOUTHEAST FROM THE SFC TO H850...TO BRING WAA. THEREFORE...TEMPERATURES WILL BE A BIT WARMER THAN THE PAST FEW DAYS. GENERALLY...HIGHS ON MONDAY COULD REACH INTO THE MID 50S...AND INTO THE LOWER 60S ON TUESDAY AS WAA BECOMES STRONGER. && .LONG TERM /TUESDAY NIGHT THROUGH SATURDAY/... ACTIVE WEATHER PATTERN CONTINUES IN THE LONG TERM PERIOD...WITH A DEEPENING UPPER TROUGH ACROSS THE CENTRAL PLAINS AT THE BEGINNING OF PERIOD...WITH A SURFACE LOW MOVING NORTHEAST OUT OF THE GULF STATES TOWARDS THE REGION. STRONG SOUTHERLY WINDS WILL DEVELOP OUT AHEAD OF THE SYSTEM...WITH GOOD MOISTURE TRANSPORT INTO THE AREA AS A RESULT. THIS IS A STRONG SYSTEM...WITH STRONG PRESSURE FALLS/BOMBOGENESIS AS THE LOW MOVES TOWARDS THE REGION. COLD FRONT STILL PROGGED TO MOVE THROUGH THE AREA WEDNESDAY...WITH FALLING TEMPERATURES...STRONG GUSTY WINDS ALONG AND BEHIND THE FRONT DUE TO TIGHT PRESSURE GRADIENT...AND POTENTIAL FOR STRONG WINDS ALOFT TO MIX DOWN...AND EVEN A SLIGHT CHANCE FOR THUNDER...MAINLY ACROSS THE WEST...AS THE FRONT MOVES INTO THE REGION. STARTING TO LOOK MORE AND MORE LIKE WINTER PRECIPITATION WILL NOT BE A HUGE HAZARD WITH THIS SYSTEM...DUE TO THE OVERALL SPEED...AND THE FACT THAT BY THE TIME ENOUGH COLD AIR IS IN PLACE...BULK OF MOISTURE SHOULD HAVE EXITED. IN ADDITION...STILL QUITE A BIT OF UNCERTAINTY AS TO HOW MUCH WILL ACTUALLY BE ABLE TO STICK TO THE GROUND IF GROUND TEMPERATURES ARE TOO WARM AS TEMPERATURES WILL RISE INTO THE 50S OUT AHEAD OF THE SYSTEM. HOWEVER...WILL STILL SEE A CHANGE OVER TO SNOW WEDNESDAY NIGHT INTO THURSDAY...ALONG WITH FALLING TEMPERATURES. WILL CONTINUE TO MAINTAIN HWO. ON THURSDAY...UPPER LOW LIFTS NORTH ACROSS CANADA...BECOMING NEARLY STACKED WITH SURFACE LOW. STILL A CHANCE FOR SOME LIGHT SNOW SHOWER ACTIVITY ON THURSDAY...BUT WILL GRADUALLY SEE A DRYING TREND FROM SOUTH TO NORTH AS THE SYSTEM PULLS AWAY. ANOTHER FRONT APPROACHES LATE IN THE EXTENDED. && .AVIATION /07Z SUNDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/... A VFR CLOUD DECK WILL CONTINUE TO MOVE OUT OF THE REGION EARLY THIS MORNING...BUT A PATCHY LOWER MVFR CLOUD DECK IS EXPECTED TO REMAIN. MODELS VARY CONSIDERABLY WITH THIS DECK...SO CONFIDENCE IN PLACEMENT IS LOW. THIS DECK SHOULD GRADUALLY ERODE TODAY. A SOUTHEAST WIND FLOW WILL BE DEVELOPING HOWEVER...WHICH WILL ALLOW MVFR CLOUDS TO BANK UP AGAINST THE EASTERN SLOPES OF THE MOUNTAINS SUNDAY NIGHT. FORECAST CONFIDENCE AND ALTERNATE SCENARIOS THROUGH 06Z MONDAY... FORECAST CONFIDENCE: LOW. ALTERNATE SCENARIOS: TIMING AND LOCATION OF A MVFR STRATUS DECK COULD VARY CONSIDERABLY. EXPERIMENTAL TABLE OF FLIGHT CATEGORY OBJECTIVELY SHOWS CONSISTENCY OF WFO FORECAST TO AVAILABLE MODEL INFORMATION: H = HIGH: TAF CONSISTENT WITH ALL MODELS OR ALL BUT ONE MODEL. M = MEDIUM: TAF HAS VARYING LEVEL OF CONSISTENCY WITH MODELS. L = LOW: TAF INCONSISTENT WITH ALL MODELS OR ALL BUT ONE MODEL. DATE SUN 12/21/14 UTC 1HRLY 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 EST 1HRLY 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 CRW CONSISTENCY H H H H H H H H M M M M HTS CONSISTENCY M M H M M H M M M M M M BKW CONSISTENCY H H H H H H H H H H H H EKN CONSISTENCY H H H H H H M M M M M M PKB CONSISTENCY M M M H H H M M M M M M CKB CONSISTENCY H H H H H M M M M M M M AFTER 06Z MONDAY... IFR POSSIBLE IN MOUNTAINS LATE SUNDAY NIGHT AND MONDAY IN A WINTRY MIX. IFR POSSIBLE IN RAIN TUESDAY NIGHT INTO WEDNESDAY...CHANGING TO SNOW SHOWERS LATE WEDNESDAY...AS AN INTENSE LOW PRESSURE CENTER PASSES. && .RLX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... WV...NONE. OH...NONE. KY...NONE. VA...NONE. && $$ SYNOPSIS...ARJ/RPY/SL NEAR TERM...RPY SHORT TERM...ARJ LONG TERM...SL AVIATION...RPY

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